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Open AccessArticle

Tuning the Performance of Metallic Auxetic Metamaterials by Using Buckling and Plasticity

Centre for Innovative Structures and Materials, School of Engineering, RMIT University, GPO Box 2476, Melbourne 3001, Australia
Key Laboratory of Traffic Safety on Track, School of Traffic & Transportation Engineering, Central South University, Changsha 410075, China
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Geminiano Mancusi
Materials 2016, 9(1), 54;
Received: 28 November 2015 / Revised: 5 January 2016 / Accepted: 8 January 2016 / Published: 18 January 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Cellular Materials: Design and Optimisation)
Metallic auxetic metamaterials are of great potential to be used in many applications because of their superior mechanical performance to elastomer-based auxetic materials. Due to the limited knowledge on this new type of materials under large plastic deformation, the implementation of such materials in practical applications remains elusive. In contrast to the elastomer-based metamaterials, metallic ones possess new features as a result of the nonlinear deformation of their metallic microstructures under large deformation. The loss of auxetic behavior in metallic metamaterials led us to carry out a numerical and experimental study to investigate the mechanism of the observed phenomenon. A general approach was proposed to tune the performance of auxetic metallic metamaterials undergoing large plastic deformation using buckling behavior and the plasticity of base material. Both experiments and finite element simulations were used to verify the effectiveness of the developed approach. By employing this approach, a 2D auxetic metamaterial was derived from a regular square lattice. Then, by altering the initial geometry of microstructure with the desired buckling pattern, the metallic metamaterials exhibit auxetic behavior with tuneable mechanical properties. A systematic parametric study using the validated finite element models was conducted to reveal the novel features of metallic auxetic metamaterials undergoing large plastic deformation. The results of this study provide a useful guideline for the design of 2D metallic auxetic metamaterials for various applications. View Full-Text
Keywords: mechanical metamaterial; auxetic; buckling; large deformation; plasticity mechanical metamaterial; auxetic; buckling; large deformation; plasticity
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MDPI and ACS Style

Ghaedizadeh, A.; Shen, J.; Ren, X.; Xie, Y.M. Tuning the Performance of Metallic Auxetic Metamaterials by Using Buckling and Plasticity. Materials 2016, 9, 54.

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