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Materials 2016, 9(1), 53;

Bottom-Up Synthesis and Sensor Applications of Biomimetic Nanostructures

College of Chemistry, Jilin Normal University, Haifeng Street 1301, Siping 136000, China
State Key Laboratory of Electroanalytical Chemistry, Changchun Institute of Applied Chemistry, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Renmin Street 5625, Changchun 130022, China
Key Laboratory of Magnetic Materials and Devices & Division of Functional Materials and Nanodevices, Ningbo Institute of Material Technology and Engineering, Chinese Academy Sciences, Ningbo 315201, China
Faculty of Production Engineering, University of Bremen, Am Fallturm 1, D-28359 Bremen, Germany
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Erik Reimhult
Received: 25 November 2015 / Revised: 5 January 2016 / Accepted: 7 January 2016 / Published: 18 January 2016
(This article belongs to the Section Biomaterials)
Full-Text   |   PDF [4078 KB, uploaded 18 January 2016]   |  


The combination of nanotechnology, biology, and bioengineering greatly improved the developments of nanomaterials with unique functions and properties. Biomolecules as the nanoscale building blocks play very important roles for the final formation of functional nanostructures. Many kinds of novel nanostructures have been created by using the bioinspired self-assembly and subsequent binding with various nanoparticles. In this review, we summarized the studies on the fabrications and sensor applications of biomimetic nanostructures. The strategies for creating different bottom-up nanostructures by using biomolecules like DNA, protein, peptide, and virus, as well as microorganisms like bacteria and plant leaf are introduced. In addition, the potential applications of the synthesized biomimetic nanostructures for colorimetry, fluorescence, surface plasmon resonance, surface-enhanced Raman scattering, electrical resistance, electrochemistry, and quartz crystal microbalance sensors are presented. This review will promote the understanding of relationships between biomolecules/microorganisms and functional nanomaterials in one way, and in another way it will guide the design and synthesis of biomimetic nanomaterials with unique properties in the future. View Full-Text
Keywords: biomolecules; biomimetic; self-assembly; nanoparticles; nanostructures; sensor biomolecules; biomimetic; self-assembly; nanoparticles; nanostructures; sensor

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Wang, L.; Sun, Y.; Li, Z.; Wu, A.; Wei, G. Bottom-Up Synthesis and Sensor Applications of Biomimetic Nanostructures. Materials 2016, 9, 53.

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