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Open AccessArticle

Performance Characterization of Semi-Flexible Composite Mixture

School of Transportation Engineering, Southeast University, Nanjing 211189, China
Department of Engineering, Pennsylvania State University, Altoona, PA 16601, USA
Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Washington State University, Pullman, WA 99164, USA
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Materials 2020, 13(2), 342;
Received: 2 December 2019 / Revised: 1 January 2020 / Accepted: 6 January 2020 / Published: 11 January 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sustainable Designed Pavement Materials)
Semi-flexible composite mixture (SFCM) is developed based on a unique material design concept of pouring cement mortar into the voids formed by open graded asphalt mixture. It combines the flexibility of asphalt concrete and the stiffness of Portland cement concrete and has many advantages comparing to conventional roadway paving materials. The main objective of this paper was to evaluate the engineering properties of SFCM and assess the constructability of the SFCM. A slab SFCM sample was fabricated in the laboratory to simulate the filling of cement mortar in the field. Performance testing was carried out by indirect tensile (IDT) test because it was found to be able to correlate with the field performance of asphalt mixtures at low, intermediate, and high temperatures. They were used in this study to evaluate the thermal cracking, fatigue, rutting, as well as moisture resistance of SFCM. A control hot mix asphalt (HMA) mixture was used to compare with the results of SFCM. Based on the testing results, it was found that the designed SFCM showed good filling capability of cement mortar. SFCM had higher dynamic modulus than the control HMA. It had good resistance to rutting and moisture damage. Based on fracture work, SFCM showed better resistance to thermal cracking while lower resistance to fatigue cracking. View Full-Text
Keywords: semi-flexible composite mixture; cement mortar; asphalt mixture; indirect tensile test semi-flexible composite mixture; cement mortar; asphalt mixture; indirect tensile test
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Zhang, W.; Shen, S.; Goodwin, R.D.; Wang, D.; Zhong, J. Performance Characterization of Semi-Flexible Composite Mixture. Materials 2020, 13, 342.

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