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Article

Towards Green Computing Oriented Security: A Lightweight Postquantum Signature for IoE

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School of Computer and Systems Sciences, Jawaharlal Nehru University (JNU), New Delhi 110067, India
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Department of Computer Science, Clifton Campus, Nottingham Trent University, Nottingham NG11 8NS, UK
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Department of Mobile Computing, Amman Arab University, Amman 11953, Jordan
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Integrated Management Coastal Research Institute, Universitat Politecnica de Valencia, 46022 Valencia, Spain
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School of Computing and Digital Technologies, Staffordshire University, Stoke ST4 2DE, UK
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Faculty of Computer & Information Technology, Al-Madinah International University, Kuala Lumpur 57100, Malaysia
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Department of Computer and Information Technology, Faculty of Applied Studies, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah 21589, Saudi Arabia
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College of Computer Science and Engineering, University of Jeddah, Jeddah 21959, Saudi Arabia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Yuh-Shyan Chen
Sensors 2021, 21(5), 1883; https://doi.org/10.3390/s21051883
Received: 5 January 2021 / Revised: 18 February 2021 / Accepted: 1 March 2021 / Published: 8 March 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Physical Layer Security for Sensor Enabled Heterogeneous Networks)
Postquantum cryptography for elevating security against attacks by quantum computers in the Internet of Everything (IoE) is still in its infancy. Most postquantum based cryptosystems have longer keys and signature sizes and require more computations that span several orders of magnitude in energy consumption and computation time, hence the sizes of the keys and signature are considered as another aspect of security by green design. To address these issues, the security solutions should migrate to the advanced and potent methods for protection against quantum attacks and offer energy efficient and faster cryptocomputations. In this context, a novel security framework Lightweight Postquantum ID-based Signature (LPQS) for secure communication in the IoE environment is presented. The proposed LPQS framework incorporates a supersingular isogeny curve to present a digital signature with small key sizes which is quantum-resistant. To reduce the size of the keys, compressed curves are used and the validation of the signature depends on the commutative property of the curves. The unforgeability of LPQS under an adaptively chosen message attack is proved. Security analysis and the experimental validation of LPQS are performed under a realistic software simulation environment to assess its lightweight performance considering embedded nodes. It is evident that the size of keys and the signature of LPQS is smaller than that of existing signature-based postquantum security techniques for IoE. It is robust in the postquantum environment and efficient in terms of energy and computations. View Full-Text
Keywords: energy efficiency; green computing; lightweight security; Internet of Things energy efficiency; green computing; lightweight security; Internet of Things
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MDPI and ACS Style

Rani, R.; Kumar, S.; Kaiwartya, O.; Khasawneh, A.M.; Lloret, J.; Al-Khasawneh, M.A.; Mahmoud, M.; Alarood, A.A. Towards Green Computing Oriented Security: A Lightweight Postquantum Signature for IoE. Sensors 2021, 21, 1883. https://doi.org/10.3390/s21051883

AMA Style

Rani R, Kumar S, Kaiwartya O, Khasawneh AM, Lloret J, Al-Khasawneh MA, Mahmoud M, Alarood AA. Towards Green Computing Oriented Security: A Lightweight Postquantum Signature for IoE. Sensors. 2021; 21(5):1883. https://doi.org/10.3390/s21051883

Chicago/Turabian Style

Rani, Rinki, Sushil Kumar, Omprakash Kaiwartya, Ahmad M. Khasawneh, Jaime Lloret, Mahmoud A. Al-Khasawneh, Marwan Mahmoud, and Alaa A. Alarood 2021. "Towards Green Computing Oriented Security: A Lightweight Postquantum Signature for IoE" Sensors 21, no. 5: 1883. https://doi.org/10.3390/s21051883

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