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Article

Diversity and Abundance of Roadkilled Bats in the Brazilian Atlantic Forest

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Centro de Ciências Exatas, Naturais e da Saúde, Departamento de Biologia, Universidade Federal do Espírito Santo, Alto Universitário, s/nº, Guararema, Alegre 29500-000, ES, Brazil
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Programa de Pós-Graduação em Ecologia, Instituto de Ciências Biológicas, Campus Darcy Ribeiro, Universidade de Brasília, Brasília 70910-900, DF, Brazil
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Programa de Pós-Graduação em Ciências Biológicas (Biologia Animal), Universidade Federal do Espírito Santo, Av. Fernando Ferrari, 514, Prédio Bárbara Weinberg, Vitória 29075-910, ES, Brazil
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Centro de Ciências Exatas, Naturais e da Saúde, Departamento de Farmácia e Nutrição, Universidade Federal do Espírito Santo, Alto Universitário, s/nº, Guararema, Alegre 29500-000, ES, Brazil
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Centro de Ciências Agrárias e Engenharias, Departamento de Engenharia Rural, Universidade Federal do Espírito Santo, Alto Universitário, s/nº, Guararema, Alegre 29500-000, ES, Brazil
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Centro de Ciências Humanas e Naturais, Departamento de Ciências Biológicas, Universidade Federal do Espírito Santo, Av. Fernando Ferrari, 514, Vitória 29075-910, ES, Brazil
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Departamento de Ecologia, Instituto de Biologia Roberto Alcântara Gomes, Universidade do Estado do Rio de Janeiro, Rua São Francisco Xavier 524, Maracanã, Rio de Janeiro 20550-900, RJ, Brazil
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Clara Grilo, Anthony P. Clevenger, Aliza le Roux and Bilal Habib
Diversity 2021, 13(7), 335; https://doi.org/10.3390/d13070335
Received: 6 June 2021 / Revised: 15 July 2021 / Accepted: 16 July 2021 / Published: 20 July 2021
Faunal mortality from roadkill has a negative impact on global biodiversity, and bats are among the roadkilled animals. In South America, the Atlantic Forest covers southeastern Brazil, a region which sustains a large bat diversity. In this biome, the Sooretama reserves are crossed by the federal highway BR-101, one of the busiest in Brazil. We analyzed bats roadkilled along the 25 km stretch of highway that crosses the Sooretama reserves. Data were collected between the years 2010 and 2015. In total, 773 individuals distributed among 47 bat species were roadkilled during this period. The insectivorous feeding guild was the most affected, accounting for 25 species and 74% of the recorded roadkill, and those flying in the open area were the most frequently roadkilled (41.9%). Bat mortality rates did not differ between months of the year. However, the relation between rainy days and roadkill was negative. Monitoring by foot was more efficient than by car for detection of bat carcasses. Radars with a speed limit below 60 km/h reduced the rates of roadkill. The diversity of deceased bats found in this study represents 40% of the known species in the Atlantic Forest, and is the largest among current studies of species killed on highways globally. The present study raises concerns about the high diversity and abundance of roadkilled insectivorous bats and the conservation of these animals in the Neotropical region. View Full-Text
Keywords: Chiroptera; Neotropical forest; road ecology; species traits Chiroptera; Neotropical forest; road ecology; species traits
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MDPI and ACS Style

Damásio, L.; Ferreira, L.A.; Pimenta, V.T.; Paneto, G.G.; dos Santos, A.R.; Ditchfield, A.D.; Bergallo, H.G.; Banhos, A. Diversity and Abundance of Roadkilled Bats in the Brazilian Atlantic Forest. Diversity 2021, 13, 335. https://doi.org/10.3390/d13070335

AMA Style

Damásio L, Ferreira LA, Pimenta VT, Paneto GG, dos Santos AR, Ditchfield AD, Bergallo HG, Banhos A. Diversity and Abundance of Roadkilled Bats in the Brazilian Atlantic Forest. Diversity. 2021; 13(7):335. https://doi.org/10.3390/d13070335

Chicago/Turabian Style

Damásio, Lucas, Laís A. Ferreira, Vinícius T. Pimenta, Greiciane G. Paneto, Alexandre R. dos Santos, Albert D. Ditchfield, Helena G. Bergallo, and Aureo Banhos. 2021. "Diversity and Abundance of Roadkilled Bats in the Brazilian Atlantic Forest" Diversity 13, no. 7: 335. https://doi.org/10.3390/d13070335

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