Topic Editors

Department of Gastronomy Sciences and Functional Foods, Faculty of Food Science and Nutrition, Poznań University of Life Sciences, Poznań, Poland
Faculty of Health Sciences, Medical University of Lublin, 20-400 Lublin, Poland

Applied Sciences in Functional Foods - 2nd Volume

Abstract submission deadline
31 May 2023
Manuscript submission deadline
31 July 2023
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6299

Topic Information

Dear Colleagues,

The amount of food available around the world is anticipated to decrease in the coming years as a result of global warming, war crises, and environmental pollution, in addition to a growing population. For this reason, this Topic invites papers focusing on methods to increase the nutritional value and nutritional density of food. This can be achieved mainly by developing recipes and production technology that increases the content of important nutrients and decreases the residues of harmful contaminants.

The Topic invites papers on by not limited to:

  • Functional food for all and new technologies
  • Nutritional density
  • Health improvement

Prof. Dr. Anna Gramza-Michałowska
Prof. Dr. Wojciech Kolanowski
Topic Editors

Participating Journals

Journal Name Impact Factor CiteScore Launched Year First Decision (median) APC
Applied Sciences
applsci
2.838 3.7 2011 14.9 Days 2300 CHF Submit
Molecules
molecules
4.927 5.9 1996 13.4 Days 2300 CHF Submit
Nutraceuticals
nutraceuticals
- - 2021 25.2 Days 1000 CHF Submit
Nutrients
nutrients
6.706 7.9 2009 15.6 Days 2600 CHF Submit
Applied Biosciences
applbiosci
- - 2022 15.0 days * 1000 CHF Submit

* Median value for all MDPI journals in the second half of 2022.


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Published Papers (7 papers)

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Article
Nobiletin Intake Attenuates Hepatic Lipid Profiling and Oxidative Stress in HFD-Induced Nonalcoholic-Fatty-Liver-Disease Mice
Molecules 2023, 28(6), 2570; https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules28062570 - 12 Mar 2023
Viewed by 382
Abstract
Nobiletin (NOB) is a naturally occurring compound, commonly found in citrus peel, that shows hepatoprotective and lipid-reducing effects. However, the lipid biomarkers and the potential improvement mechanisms have not been adequately explored. Therefore, we investigated the ameliorative effect and the molecular mechanism of [...] Read more.
Nobiletin (NOB) is a naturally occurring compound, commonly found in citrus peel, that shows hepatoprotective and lipid-reducing effects. However, the lipid biomarkers and the potential improvement mechanisms have not been adequately explored. Therefore, we investigated the ameliorative effect and the molecular mechanism of NOB on NAFLD induced by a high-fat diet in mice. The results showed that supplementation with NOB over 12 weeks markedly improved glucose tolerance, serum lipid profiles, inflammatory factors, hepatic steatosis, and oxidative stress. These beneficial effects were mainly related to reduced levels of potential lipid biomarkers including free fatty acids, diacylglycerols, triacylglycerols, and cholesteryl esters according to hepatic lipidomic analysis. Twenty lipids, including DGs and phosphatidylcholines, were identified as potential lipid biomarkers. Furthermore, RT-qPCR and Western blot analysis indicated that NOB inhibited the expression of lipogenesis-related factors such as SREBP-1c, SCD-1, and FAS, and upregulated the expression of lipid oxidation (PPARα) and cholesterol conversion (LXRα, CYP7A1, and CYP27A1) genes as well as antioxidation-related factors (Nucl-Nrf2, NQO1, HO-1, and GCLC), indicating that NOB intake may reduce lipid biosynthesis and increase lipid consumption to improve hepatic steatosis and oxidative stress. This study is beneficial for understanding the ameliorative effects of NOB on NAFLD. Full article
(This article belongs to the Topic Applied Sciences in Functional Foods - 2nd Volume)
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Article
Fatty Acid Indices and the Nutritional Properties of Karakul Sheep Meat
Nutrients 2023, 15(4), 1061; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu15041061 - 20 Feb 2023
Cited by 1 | Viewed by 1092
Abstract
This study aimed to evaluate the fatty acid profile and health lipid indices of sheep meat (from 52 Karakul sheep from NE Romania). The effect of age at slaughter and the influence of muscle region were studied for nutritional parameters, especially the fatty [...] Read more.
This study aimed to evaluate the fatty acid profile and health lipid indices of sheep meat (from 52 Karakul sheep from NE Romania). The effect of age at slaughter and the influence of muscle region were studied for nutritional parameters, especially the fatty acids from lipid fractions. Based on the fatty acid profiles and lipid contents, the sanogenic indices were determined for two sheep muscle groups. Thus, two different muscle regions from lamb and adult sheep were analysed from both genders, the Longissimus dorsi and Triceps brachii, to argue the advantages of each category and the rationalization, in terms of meat consumption, regarding their impact on human health. Sheep meat has many components with beneficial effects on human health. Apart from the fact that it is an important source of nutrients due to its high content of proteins, lipids, and minerals, it is also a product that can provide fundamental bioactive compounds for maintaining metabolic functions. The qualitative indices assessment revealed that lambs have meat with high PUFA content on Longissimus dorsi muscles (approx. 25% of total fatty acids), 0.68 for PUFA/SFA, with highest values for n-3 (approx. 8%) and n-6 (approx. 14%). Appropriate values can also be observed in Triceps brachii muscles from adult sheep. The sanogenic indices also presented good values for Longissimus dorsi from lambs and Triceps brachii from adult sheep (polyunsaturation index = 7.2–10.2; atherogenic index = 0.56–0.67; thrombogenic index = 0.78–0.96; hypocholesterolemic/hypercholesterolemic index = 2.4–2.7 (for Longissimus dorsi)). Full article
(This article belongs to the Topic Applied Sciences in Functional Foods - 2nd Volume)
Article
Investigation of Chinese Herbal Decoctions with Enzymatic Hydrolysis and Sequential Fermentation as Potential Nutrient Supplements
Appl. Sci. 2023, 13(4), 2154; https://doi.org/10.3390/app13042154 - 07 Feb 2023
Viewed by 517
Abstract
Chinese herbal medicine has attracted increasing attention due to its therapeutic effects. It demands increasing understanding of the processing methods and the generated changes to control quality and offer better final products. In this study, extraction differences were compared among direct plant extracts [...] Read more.
Chinese herbal medicine has attracted increasing attention due to its therapeutic effects. It demands increasing understanding of the processing methods and the generated changes to control quality and offer better final products. In this study, extraction differences were compared among direct plant extracts (DE), standard decoction (SD), spontaneous fermentation (SF) and inoculated sequential fermentation (IF). Results showed that the extraction with the transformation of probiotics positively contributed to the release of functional compounds from Chinese herbs. It provided the strongest antioxidant capacity and the best amino acid profile. The flavor and the compositions of the herbal decoctions were further characterized. Distinctive volatile differences were found, indicating that the different treatments profoundly altered the spectrum of volatile components. The most aromatic changes were in the IF group, which corresponded with the greatest number of upregulated and the lowest number of downregulated differential compounds. Beneficial intestinal microbiota with voluntary intake of herbal tea suggested a possible positive metabolism shift in the healthy host. In conclusion, the combination of enzymatic hydrolysis and sequential fermentation provided better extraction efficiency than direct plant extraction and traditional herbal decoction. It may enable a broader utilization of traditional Chinese herbs as potential nutrient supplements, such as antibiotic alternatives in animal husbandry. Full article
(This article belongs to the Topic Applied Sciences in Functional Foods - 2nd Volume)
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Article
Predictive Glycaemic Response of Pasta Enriched with Juice, Puree, and Pomace from Red Cabbage and Spinach
Nutrients 2022, 14(21), 4575; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu14214575 - 31 Oct 2022
Viewed by 705
Abstract
This study reports the digestibility and nutritional quality of pasta made from durum wheat semolina which was partially substituted by puree, juice or pomace from spinach and red cabbage. The results show that 10% substitution of semolina with red cabbage pomace and spinach [...] Read more.
This study reports the digestibility and nutritional quality of pasta made from durum wheat semolina which was partially substituted by puree, juice or pomace from spinach and red cabbage. The results show that 10% substitution of semolina with red cabbage pomace and spinach pomace, 1% substitution of spinach juice, and 2% substitution of spinach puree significantly reduced the area under the curve of the in vitro starch digestion. This reduction was due to a combined effect of decreased starch content, increased dietary fibre content and inhibition of α-amylase caused by vegetable material addition. Total phenolic content (TPC) and antioxidant capacity increased significantly on raw, cooked and digested samples of vegetable fortified pasta compared to control. The β-carotene content of spinach pasta (raw, cooked, and digested) was also higher than that of control. At the 1% substitution level, the juice was more efficient in improving the antioxidant capacity of resultant pasta compared to puree or pomace. Full article
(This article belongs to the Topic Applied Sciences in Functional Foods - 2nd Volume)
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Article
Efficacy and Safety of Fig (Ficus carica L.) Leaf Tea in Adults with Mild Atopic Dermatitis: A Double-Blind, Randomized, Placebo-Controlled Preliminary Trial
Nutrients 2022, 14(21), 4470; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu14214470 - 25 Oct 2022
Viewed by 1195
Abstract
Atopic dermatitis (AD) is a chronic, recurrent pruritic skin disease with repeated remissions and exacerbations. Various factors, such as allergies, skin conditions and lifestyle, combine to cause AD, making it difficult to cure completely. Although AD symptoms are suppressed with medications, this is [...] Read more.
Atopic dermatitis (AD) is a chronic, recurrent pruritic skin disease with repeated remissions and exacerbations. Various factors, such as allergies, skin conditions and lifestyle, combine to cause AD, making it difficult to cure completely. Although AD symptoms are suppressed with medications, this is a long-term effort and burden on patients. Thus, safer drugs and alternatives are needed. We previously found that consumption of tea prepared from fig (Ficus carica L.) leaves alleviated allergy and AD symptoms in cultured cells and animals. Therefore, here, we conducted a double-blind, randomized, controlled study in patients with mild AD to evaluate the safety and AD-relieving effects of prolonged consumption of fig leaf tea. Positive effects of fig leaf tea consumption were confirmed in 14 of 15 participants. Eczema Area and Severity Index values were significantly lowered in the fig leaf tea-treated group than in the placebo-treated group. The effect weakened 4 weeks after the end of the intervention, suggesting that continued intake of fig leaf tea was effective. Further assessments confirmed the safety of fig leaf tea consumption and revealed no variations that might pose a health hazard. Therefore, we postulate that fig leaf tea is a natural and safe therapeutic option for AD. Full article
(This article belongs to the Topic Applied Sciences in Functional Foods - 2nd Volume)
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Article
Study of the Antioxidant Potential of UV-Treated Vegetables
Nutraceuticals 2022, 2(4), 289-299; https://doi.org/10.3390/nutraceuticals2040022 - 14 Oct 2022
Viewed by 531
Abstract
The effect of UV-A irradiation (353 nm, 365 nm, and 400 nm) on the antioxidant properties of fresh vegetables (cucumbers, bell peppers, zucchinis) was investigated. This type of processing was found to increase the total content of phenolic compounds and flavonoids in vegetables. [...] Read more.
The effect of UV-A irradiation (353 nm, 365 nm, and 400 nm) on the antioxidant properties of fresh vegetables (cucumbers, bell peppers, zucchinis) was investigated. This type of processing was found to increase the total content of phenolic compounds and flavonoids in vegetables. With a UV irradiation of 360 min at a wavelength of 365 nm, the greatest increase in antioxidant activity occurred in vegetable samples vs. untreated control samples. The total content of phenolic compounds increased by 34–58% and the content of flavonoids by 26–53% for various vegetable varieties. There was an increase in the activity of antioxidant enzymes (catalase up to 86%, peroxidase from 38%, polyphenol oxidase up to 74% depending on the variety of vegetables) after 360 min of exposure (p < 0.05). The results of the conducted studies indicate that post-harvest ultraviolet irradiation of vegetables has the potential to control the antioxidant characteristics of vegetables; however, additional research is needed to form a complete mechanism of this effect and create a technology for vegetable processing. Full article
(This article belongs to the Topic Applied Sciences in Functional Foods - 2nd Volume)
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Article
Reconfiguration of Gut Microbiota and Reprogramming of Liver Metabolism with Phycobiliproteins Bioactive Peptides to Rehabilitate Obese Rats
Nutrients 2022, 14(17), 3635; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu14173635 - 02 Sep 2022
Cited by 2 | Viewed by 1183
Abstract
Phycobiliproteins (derived from Arthrospira platensis) bioactive peptide extracts (PPE) possess multiple pharmacological effects in the mitigation of human metabolic disorders. The role of PPE in the treatment of diet-induced obesity and the understanding of the underlying mechanism between the gut microbiome and [...] Read more.
Phycobiliproteins (derived from Arthrospira platensis) bioactive peptide extracts (PPE) possess multiple pharmacological effects in the mitigation of human metabolic disorders. The role of PPE in the treatment of diet-induced obesity and the understanding of the underlying mechanism between the gut microbiome and metabolic blood circulation for obese patients remains poorly understood. In this study, we showed that PPE attenuated obesity by reducing body weight, and ameliorated glucose and lipid indexes in serum. In particular, PPE is postulated to mitigate liver steatosis and insulin resistance. On the other hand, dietary treatment with PPE was found to “reconfigure” the gut microbiota in the way that the abundances were elevated for Akkermansia_muciniphila, beneficial Lactobacillus and Romboutsia, SCFA-producing species Faecalibacterium prausnitzii, Lachnospiraceae_bacterium, Clostridiales_bacterium, probiotics Clostridium sp., Enterococcus faecium, and Lactobacillus_johnsonii, while the abundance of Firmicutes was reduced and that of Bacteroidetes was increased to reverse the imbalance of Firmicutes/Bacteroidetes ratio. Finally, the metabolomics of circulating serum using UHPLC-MS/MS illustrated that PPE supplementation indeed promoted lipid metabolism in obese rats. As summary, it was seen that PPE reprogrammed the cell metabolism to prevent the aggravation of obesity. Our findings strongly support that PPE can be regarded as a potential therapeutic dietary supplement for obesity. Full article
(This article belongs to the Topic Applied Sciences in Functional Foods - 2nd Volume)
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