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Special Issue "Water Resources Management Models for Policy Assessment"

A special issue of Water (ISSN 2073-4441). This special issue belongs to the section "Water Resources Management and Governance".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: 30 November 2019.

Special Issue Editor

Guest Editor
Prof. Dr. Luis Garrote

Department of Civil Engineering: Hydraulics, Energy and Environment Technical University of Madrid, Madrid, Spain
Website | E-Mail
Phone: +34 913366672
Interests: hydrology, water resources, hydrological modeling, modeling and simulation

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

Water resources management models support a variety of research applications, including the assessment of water availability, the allocation of water among competing uses, the evaluation of system performance, the identification of optimal system expansion, and the definition of suitable operating strategies. System analysis tools, like simulation and optimization, have been enriched with novel modelling concepts drawn from social sciences, economic analysis, conflict resolution, agent-based systems, and game theory, among others. The field has evolved from a traditional emphasis on cost–benefit analysis in water resource project investments to a wider scope that includes environmental implications, stakeholder concerns, social welfare, and human dimensions. We face now the challenge of developing integrated modelling frameworks to provide quantitative evidence for policymakers on water management issues.

This Special Issue of Water calls for original research papers that develop or apply water resources management models for policy identification and assessment. Open challenges in water resources management models include quantifying the response of water systems to policy interventions; addressing the nexus between water, energy, food, and the environment; characterizing the role of uncertainty in decision making, formalizing social interactions, or improving the theoretical understanding of complex adaptive systems. We seek contributions that address these and other challenges with a focus on policy assessment from local, regional, or global perspectives.

Prof. Dr. Luis Garrote
Guest Editor

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All papers will be peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Water is an international peer-reviewed open access monthly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 1600 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.

Keywords

  • Water resources system models
  • Policy
  • Integrated water management
  • Uncertainty
  • Integrated assessment
  • Conflict resolution

Published Papers (3 papers)

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Research

Open AccessArticle
Evaluating Water Resource Accessibility in Southwest China
Water 2019, 11(8), 1708; https://doi.org/10.3390/w11081708
Received: 18 July 2019 / Revised: 11 August 2019 / Accepted: 14 August 2019 / Published: 16 August 2019
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Abstract
The accessibility, quantity, and quality of water resources are the basic requirements for guaranteeing water resource security. Research into regional water resource accessibility will contribute to improving regional water resource security and effective water resource management. In this study, we used a water [...] Read more.
The accessibility, quantity, and quality of water resources are the basic requirements for guaranteeing water resource security. Research into regional water resource accessibility will contribute to improving regional water resource security and effective water resource management. In this study, we used a water resource accessibility index model considering five spatial factors to evaluate the grid-scale water resource accessibility and constructed the spatial pattern of water resource accessibility in Southwest China. Then, we analyzed the coupling coordination degree between county-level water resource accessibility and eco-socio-economic water demand elements. The water resource accessibility showed obvious regional differences, and the overall trend gradually decreased from Southeast to Northwest. The coupling coordination degree between county-level water resource accessibility and eco-socio-economic water demand elements was between 0.26 and 0.84, and was relatively low overall, whereas the counties (districts) with high coordination, moderate coordination, low coordination, reluctant coordination, and incoordination accounted for 0.92%, 5.31%, 21.06%, 59.71%, and 13.00% of total counties (districts), respectively. Therefore, the Southwest region needs to further strengthen the construction of its agricultural irrigation facilities, protect the water resources, and coordinate the relationship between water resource management and water demand elements to comprehensively guarantee regional sustainable development. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Water Resources Management Models for Policy Assessment)
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Open AccessArticle
Necessity of Acknowledging Background Pollutants in Management and Assessment of Unique Basins
Water 2019, 11(5), 1103; https://doi.org/10.3390/w11051103
Received: 22 April 2019 / Revised: 21 May 2019 / Accepted: 23 May 2019 / Published: 27 May 2019
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Abstract
The limitations of water quality management and assessment methods in China can be ascertained by comparison with other countries. However, it is unreasonable to use a uniform standard to evaluate water quality throughout China because one standard cannot fully account for the regional [...] Read more.
The limitations of water quality management and assessment methods in China can be ascertained by comparison with other countries. However, it is unreasonable to use a uniform standard to evaluate water quality throughout China because one standard cannot fully account for the regional differences in background water quality. This study aimed to provide a basis for environmental water management decision-making. Areas seriously affected by background pollutants were identified by comparing several factors across 31 provinces in China. By coupling an improved export coefficient model (ECM) with a mechanistic model, a suitable pollutant yield coefficient was determined and its rationality was analysed. The export coefficient model was applied to estimate the pollutant (chemical oxygen demand and ammonia nitrogen) output of the basin in 2015. The spatial distribution characteristics of the pollutants were determined by simulating the pollutant outputs of 22 sub-basins and nine water function zones. For the year 2020, the simulation results of pollutant outputs far exceed the sewage discharge limit in water function zones and the pollutant concentration was much higher than the standard. Considering background pollutant outputs, more reasonable sewage discharge limit and water quality evaluation method are proposed. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Water Resources Management Models for Policy Assessment)
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Open AccessArticle
Blue Water in Europe: Estimates of Current and Future Availability and Analysis of Uncertainty
Water 2019, 11(3), 420; https://doi.org/10.3390/w11030420
Received: 29 December 2018 / Revised: 19 February 2019 / Accepted: 21 February 2019 / Published: 26 February 2019
Cited by 2 | PDF Full-text (7640 KB) | HTML Full-text | XML Full-text | Supplementary Files
Abstract
This study presents a regional assessment of future blue water availability in Europe under different assumptions. The baseline period (1960 to 1999) is compared to the near future (2020 to 2059) and the long-term future (2060 to 2099). Blue water availability is estimated [...] Read more.
This study presents a regional assessment of future blue water availability in Europe under different assumptions. The baseline period (1960 to 1999) is compared to the near future (2020 to 2059) and the long-term future (2060 to 2099). Blue water availability is estimated as the maximum amount of water supplied at a certain point of the river network that satisfies a defined demand, taking into account specified reliability requirements. Water availability is computed with the geospatial high-resolution Water Availability and Adaptation Policy Assessment (WAAPA) model. The WAAPA model definition for this study extends over 6 million km2 in Europe and considers almost 4000 sub-basins in Europe. The model takes into account 2300 reservoirs larger than 5 hm3, and the dataset of Hydro 1k with 1700 sub-basins. Hydrological scenarios for this study were taken from the Inter-Sectoral Impact Model Inter-Comparison Project and included simulations of five global climate models under different Representative Concentration Pathways scenarios. The choice of method is useful for evaluating large area regional studies that include high resolution on the systems´ characterization. The results highlight large uncertainties associated with a set of local water availability estimates across Europe. Climate model uncertainties for mean annual runoff and potential water availability were found to be higher than scenario uncertainties. Furthermore, the existing hydraulic infrastructure and its management have played an important role by decoupling water availability from hydrologic variability. This is observed for all climate models, the emissions scenarios considered, and for near and long-term future. The balance between water availability and withdrawals is threatened in some regions, such as the Mediterranean region. The results of this study contribute to defining potential challenges in water resource systems and regional risk areas. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Water Resources Management Models for Policy Assessment)
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Planned Papers

The below list represents only planned manuscripts. Some of these manuscripts have not been received by the Editorial Office yet. Papers submitted to MDPI journals are subject to peer-review.

1.Agricultural demand for water in a tourism-dominated island economy: The case of Barbados

Kwame Emmanuel, Anthony Clayton, Kahn K'nife, Damien Hinds

Abstract:  Barbados is a small, upper-middle income, tourism dependent island, which is characterized as ‘absolute water scarce’.  Within this context, agricultural demand for water is a very contentious issue.  This research examines this problem using a mixed methodology.  Of note is the large disparity between the volume of blue water used by the sector and its resulting economic productivity.   In addition, agriculture has been impacted negatively with residual user status and water shortages.  The paper discusses water management concepts such as allocative efficiency, fully priced water and the virtual water trade and recommends a range of technical and management solutions.

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