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Open AccessArticle

Evaluating Water Resource Accessibility in Southwest China

by Tao Li 1,2, Sha Qiu 1,2, Shuxin Mao 3, Rui Bao 1,2 and Hongbing Deng 1,*
1
State Key Laboratory of Urban and Regional Ecology, Research Center for Eco-Environmental Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100085, China
2
University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
3
School of Economics and Management, Shanxi University of Science & Technology, Xi’an 710021, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Water 2019, 11(8), 1708; https://doi.org/10.3390/w11081708
Received: 18 July 2019 / Revised: 11 August 2019 / Accepted: 14 August 2019 / Published: 16 August 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Water Resources Management Models for Policy Assessment)
The accessibility, quantity, and quality of water resources are the basic requirements for guaranteeing water resource security. Research into regional water resource accessibility will contribute to improving regional water resource security and effective water resource management. In this study, we used a water resource accessibility index model considering five spatial factors to evaluate the grid-scale water resource accessibility and constructed the spatial pattern of water resource accessibility in Southwest China. Then, we analyzed the coupling coordination degree between county-level water resource accessibility and eco-socio-economic water demand elements. The water resource accessibility showed obvious regional differences, and the overall trend gradually decreased from Southeast to Northwest. The coupling coordination degree between county-level water resource accessibility and eco-socio-economic water demand elements was between 0.26 and 0.84, and was relatively low overall, whereas the counties (districts) with high coordination, moderate coordination, low coordination, reluctant coordination, and incoordination accounted for 0.92%, 5.31%, 21.06%, 59.71%, and 13.00% of total counties (districts), respectively. Therefore, the Southwest region needs to further strengthen the construction of its agricultural irrigation facilities, protect the water resources, and coordinate the relationship between water resource management and water demand elements to comprehensively guarantee regional sustainable development. View Full-Text
Keywords: water resource accessibility; spatial pattern; coupling coordination degree; water resource management; Southwest China water resource accessibility; spatial pattern; coupling coordination degree; water resource management; Southwest China
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Li, T.; Qiu, S.; Mao, S.; Bao, R.; Deng, H. Evaluating Water Resource Accessibility in Southwest China. Water 2019, 11, 1708.

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