Freshwater Security and Safety Management: New Approaches and Advanced Technologies

A special issue of Water (ISSN 2073-4441). This special issue belongs to the section "Urban Water Management".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: 20 December 2024 | Viewed by 2625

Special Issue Editors


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Guest Editor
Department of Civil, Architectural and Environmental Engineering, University of Naples Federico II, Naples, Italy
Interests: water distribution networks; pumping systems; pressure management; energy recovery; PAT; hydropower; water consumptions
Special Issues, Collections and Topics in MDPI journals

E-Mail Website
Guest Editor
Department of Civil, Architectural and Environmental Engineering, University of Naples Federico II, Naples, Italy
Interests: water distribution networks; urban drainage systems; low-impact development (LID); meta-heuristic optimization models; decision support system; water systems; pressure management
Special Issues, Collections and Topics in MDPI journals

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Guest Editor
Department of Environmental Engineering, International Hellenic University, Thérmi, Greece
Interests: hydraulics of closed and open conduits; flows of closed and open conduits; experimental measurements (hot-film anemometry, particle image velocimetry); computational hydraulics; flows in porous media; gravity currents in lock-exchange experiments; buoyant jets in closed and open conduits

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

Today, freshwater security and safety are both at risk due to either intentional interventions or climate crisis impacts. Safeguarding both is of the utmost importance as the well-being of the users depends on them. Additionally, the economic impacts involved are huge, as restoration actions entail much higher costs compared to those of avoidance measures. Threats must be highlighted and effectively confronted, while, at the same time, prevention policies must be planned and thoroughly applied as a precautionary measure. Water demand is rising, aquifers are being depleted, the threat of extreme weather is increasing and the fear of “water terrorism” is not a science fiction scenario anymore. In view of the new challenges climate crisis has imposed on the environment as a whole, mankind has to withstand the related stresses and move towards a future worth living. It is worth noting that the assessment and prediction of the adverse effects of the climate-related events, the estimation of the vulnerability of the affected areas, and risk assessment are relevant steps in strategic decision-making procedures for integrated climate change adaptation.

This SI aims to collect high-quality studies related to either good practices or bad examples, case studies, policy-making processes, decision-supporting tools, and advanced technologies.

Prof. Dr. Vasilis Kanakoudis
Prof. Dr. Maurizio Giugni
Prof. Dr. Francesco De Paola
Dr. Evangelos Keramaris
Guest Editors

Manuscript Submission Information

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Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 2600 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.

Keywords

  • freshwater pipe networks
  • water security
  • water safety
  • water terrorism
  • environmental crisis and hazards
  • resilience of critical water infrastructure
  • innovative methods for urban water cycle management

Published Papers (2 papers)

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Research

22 pages, 4094 KiB  
Article
The Failure Risk Analysis of the Water Supply Network
by Barbara Tchórzewska-Cieślak, Katarzyna Pietrucha-Urbanik and Izabela Piegdoń
Water 2023, 15(21), 3815; https://doi.org/10.3390/w15213815 - 31 Oct 2023
Viewed by 1330
Abstract
The primary objective of this work is to introduce a novel approach that modifies the method for analyzing and assessing the risk of water supply network failure. The approach aligns with recommendations from the World Health Organization and the European Union regarding the [...] Read more.
The primary objective of this work is to introduce a novel approach that modifies the method for analyzing and assessing the risk of water supply network failure. The approach aligns with recommendations from the World Health Organization and the European Union regarding the reliability and safety of water supply to consumers. The presented method for assessing the risk in the water distribution subsystem was based on the vulnerability identifying method (VIM) and involves the determination of the vulnerability index (VI). The VIM vulnerability factors considered encompass the failure rate, chemical stability of water, and issues related to water corrosion properties in water distribution subsystems. The obtained risk assessment includes parameters such as the probability of hazard occurrence, the consequences of these hazards, and vulnerability to them. This concept was evaluated using real operational data from the water distribution subsystem. The estimated risk level, under the given operating conditions, indicates its acceptability. Full article
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11 pages, 1048 KiB  
Article
A New Method of Water Supply in Crisis Situation
by Dawid Szpak and Agnieszka Szczepanek
Water 2023, 15(17), 3160; https://doi.org/10.3390/w15173160 - 04 Sep 2023
Cited by 1 | Viewed by 1041
Abstract
When it is not possible to supply water through the water supply network, it is necessary to use other resources of the water supply company, e.g., water tanker. This requires maintaining the efficiency of alternative water sources (in terms of quality and quantity). [...] Read more.
When it is not possible to supply water through the water supply network, it is necessary to use other resources of the water supply company, e.g., water tanker. This requires maintaining the efficiency of alternative water sources (in terms of quality and quantity). This work focuses on the possibility of using water accumulated in water pipes in a crisis situation. This work proposes a drain well to supply the population with water in a crisis situation. Thanks to this solution, the function of water supply drainage can be combined with the possibility of obtaining water accumulated in water pipes in crisis conditions. In addition, the standards for water demand in a crisis situation are analyzed. This work extends the view on the problem of water supply to residents in a crisis situation by taking into account a new solution that allows the consumption of water accumulated in water pipes. Full article
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