Special Issue "Advances of Low Impact Development Practices in Urban Watershed"

A special issue of Water (ISSN 2073-4441). This special issue belongs to the section "Urban Water Management".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: 31 December 2020.

Special Issue Editors

Guest Editor
Prof. Francesco De Paola Website E-Mail
Department of Civil, Architectural and Environmental Engineering, University of Naples Federico II, via Claudio 21, 80125 Napoli, Italy
Phone: +39 081 768 3420
Interests: low-impact development; meta-heuristic model; harmony search; urban stormwater systems; decision support system; water distribution network; pressure management; water leakages; pressure reducing valves; district metered areas
Guest Editor
Prof. Elena Bresci Website E-Mail
Department of Agriculture, Food, Environment and Forestry (DAGRI), University of Firenze, Via San Bonaventura 13, 50145 Firenze, Italy
Phone: +39 055 2755639
Interests: water harvesting; microclimate management; hydrological modeling; water resources management; soil and water conservation measures; fog harvesting; ecosystem services; nature based solutions

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

In recent years, climate changes and urbanization have caused huge urban pluvial flood events in many countries in the world, driving one to both develop and apply effective and innovative approaches for the design and management of urban stormwater systems. Gradual urbanization is provoking an increase in impervious surfaces and, consequently, of surface runoff and velocity and the reduction of concentration times of watersheds, both increasing soil erosion and worsening the water quality as a consequence of intensive contamination. In this field, low-impact development (LID) practices for urban runoff control can be intended as an effective approach to both improve urban resilience against flooding risk and assure environmental interventions with regard to adequate urban stormwater systems for both climate and land use changes.

This Special Issue welcomes research into new prospectives that provide pioneering advances in both experimental and modeling research on LIDs. Articles are welcome on different themes related to LID, such as decision support systems (DSS) for the optimal design of LIDs in urban subcatchments; case studies on the effectiveness of low-impact development strategies; the simulation of LID practices; and the calibration of parameters to model LID practices.

Prof. Francesco De Paola
Prof. Elena Bresci
Guest Editors

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All papers will be peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Water is an international peer-reviewed open access monthly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 1600 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.

Keywords

  • urban stormwater systems
  • sustainable stormwater management
  • low-impact development (LID)
  • conventional measures
  • SWMM5.1
  • meta-heuristic models
  • decision support system

Published Papers (1 paper)

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Research

Open AccessArticle
Achieving Urban Stormwater Mitigation Goals on Different Land Parcels with a Capacity Trading Approach
Water 2019, 11(5), 1091; https://doi.org/10.3390/w11051091 - 24 May 2019
Abstract
Building Green Infrastructures (GIs) to reduce stormwater runoff has been recognized as an effective approach to mitigate the negative impact of urban sprawl. Due to the significant differences in urban land use, some Land Parcels (LPs) may have difficulty in building enough GIs [...] Read more.
Building Green Infrastructures (GIs) to reduce stormwater runoff has been recognized as an effective approach to mitigate the negative impact of urban sprawl. Due to the significant differences in urban land use, some Land Parcels (LPs) may have difficulty in building enough GIs to meet stormwater mitigation goals. In this paper, we proposed a Capacity Trading (CT) approach that allows some LPs to trade their extra runoff retention capacities with LPs that have building difficulties, so that they can jointly reach the overall mitigation goal together. The rationale behind CT is that, to avoid potential penalties, it may be more economical for some LPs to ‘buy’ credit rather than to ‘build’ GIs. A case study was used to demonstrate CT operations for two trading scales: (1) CT within neighboring LPs (i.e., CT-1), and (2) CT within 20 m-radius LPs (i.e., CT-2). A GI implementation baseline intensity was set up firstly by treating the whole study area as one entity to reach a specified stormwater runoff control target; individual LPs were then examined for their GI building capacities, which may be deficit or surplus against the target. Results showed that the number and area of deficit LPs were reduced significantly through either CT scales; the number of deficit LPs was reduced from 139 to 97 with CT-1 and 78 with CT-2, and the deficit area was reduced from 649 ha to 558 with CT-1 and 478 ha with CT-2, respectively. The proposed method assumes LPs as the basic planning unit and encourages some stakeholders to maximize their GI building potential to compensate for those with disadvantages. The economic incentives for conducting CT among different LPs in urban area can help achieve stormwater mitigation goals more economically and flexibly. Some coordination among LPs in GI implementation is necessary, which presents both opportunities and challenges for city management. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Advances of Low Impact Development Practices in Urban Watershed)
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