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Special Issue "West Nile Virus 2019"
Deadline for manuscript submissions: closed (31 December 2019).
College of Medicine, Mohammed Bin Rashid University of Medicine and Health Sciences, Dubai, United Arab Emirates
Interests: vector-borne viruses; emerging viruses; viral zoonoses; viruses at the environment/animal/human interface; medical and veterinary entomology; West Nile virus; Usutu virus; Borna disease virus; MERS coronavirus
West Nile virus (WNV) is the most widespread flavivirus present in all continents, except Antarctica. It is also a truly emerging virus, which 20 years ago was absent in the Americas and had little impact in Europe. This changed significantly when lineage 1 WNV was introduced to the United States in 1999, followed by the emergence of two different lineage 2 WNVs in Europe around 2004. After an adaptation period of a few years, the newly introduced viruses spread quickly across the Americas and Europe. Humans, horses, and birds have been confirmed to be susceptible hosts for WNV, with clinical symptoms ranging from mild to life-threatening neuro-invasive West Nile disease. In 2018, Europe experienced an upsurge in the number of WNV infections. Similarly, in the U.S., more human cases were seen in 2018 when compared to the previous year(s). The natural transmission cycle of WNV involves certain mosquito species, mainly Culex, and a number of avian species. Since transmission-competent mosquito species are abundantly found in cooler climatic regions, further dispersal of the virus is likely.
In this Special Issue, we welcome research papers and review articles related to all aspects of WNV research, providing an update of our knowledge of WNV. Topics of interest include (but are not limited to) virus genetics, epidemiology, virus–host interactions, pathogenesis, vaccine development, improvement in diagnostics, as well as vector entomology.
Prof. Dr. Norbert Nowotny
Manuscript Submission Information
Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All papers will be peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.
Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Viruses is an international peer-reviewed open access monthly journal published by MDPI.
Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 2000 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.
- West Nile virus
- West Nile fever
- West Nile neuroinvasive disease
- virus genetics
- blood donations
- diagnostic challenges
- related flaviviruses
- One Health