Special Issue "Dirac's Forms of Relativistic Quantum Dynamics and Internal Space-Time Symmetries"

A special issue of Symmetry (ISSN 2073-8994). This special issue belongs to the section "Physics and Symmetry".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: 31 July 2021.

Special Issue Editors

Prof. Dr. Young S. Kim
E-Mail Website
Guest Editor
Center for Theoretical Physics, University of Maryland, Maryland, USA
Interests: physics of the Lorentz group; relativistic quantum mechanics; quantum optics; relativistic harmonic oscillators; internal space-time symmetries; Lorentz covariant quantum mechanics; physical consequences of Einstein’s E=mc2 ; combining the work of Wigner, Dirac, and Feynman
Special Issues and Collections in MDPI journals
Prof. Dr. Marilyn E. Noz
E-Mail
Guest Editor
Department of Radiology, New York University
Interests: Relativistic Quantum Mechanics; Two-by-two matrix representation of group theory; Harmonics oscillators; the Lorentz and Poincaré groups; Wigner’s little groups; Neutrinos and gauge invariance.

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

Paul A. M. Dirac spent his entire working life trying to reconcile quantum mechanics with special relativity. His equation for the electron and positron is a case in point. Indeed, the Dirac equation is the correct language for the electron spin in the Lorentz-covariant world and has application to the present day study of neutrinos. Dirac was also interested in particles with space-time extensions and their internal space-time symmetries. This became the major issue when the proton became a bound state of the quarks. What happens when the proton moves with speed close to that of light? This and many other problems can be investigated according to the suggestions made by Dirac during the period from 1927 to 1963. This special issue can include the papers on the Dirac equation, higher-spin particles in the relativistic world; symmetries of the hydrogen atom and harmonic oscillators; neutrinos both massless and with small mass; standing waves, and string models in the Lorentz-covariant regime.

Prof. Dr. Young S. Kim
Prof. Dr. Marilyn E. Noz
Guest Editors

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All papers will be peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Symmetry is an international peer-reviewed open access monthly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 1800 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.

Keywords

  • Dirac’s Equation
  • Coupled harmonic oscillators
  • Internal space-time symmetries
  • Quantum mechanics of bound states
  • Massless and small-mass neutrinos
  • Special relativity in the quantum world
  • Bound state of quarks
  • Lorentz covariance
  • Quarks versus partons
  • Standing waves

Published Papers (2 papers)

Order results
Result details
Select all
Export citation of selected articles as:

Research

Open AccessArticle
Integration of Dirac’s Efforts to Construct a Quantum Mechanics Which is Lorentz-Covariant
Symmetry 2020, 12(8), 1270; https://doi.org/10.3390/sym12081270 - 01 Aug 2020
Viewed by 603
Abstract
The lifelong efforts of Paul A. M. Dirac were to construct localized quantum systems in the Lorentz covariant world. In 1927, he noted that the time-energy uncertainty should be included in the Lorentz-covariant picture. In 1945, he attempted to construct a representation of [...] Read more.
The lifelong efforts of Paul A. M. Dirac were to construct localized quantum systems in the Lorentz covariant world. In 1927, he noted that the time-energy uncertainty should be included in the Lorentz-covariant picture. In 1945, he attempted to construct a representation of the Lorentz group using a normalizable Gaussian function localized both in the space and time variables. In 1949, he introduced his instant form to exclude time-like oscillations. He also introduced the light-cone coordinate system for Lorentz boosts. Also in 1949, he stated the Lie algebra of the inhomogeneous Lorentz group can serve as the uncertainty relations in the Lorentz-covariant world. It is possible to integrate these three papers to produce the harmonic oscillator wave function which can be Lorentz-transformed. In addition, Dirac, in 1963, considered two coupled oscillators to derive the Lie algebra for the generators of the O(3,2) de Sitter group, which has ten generators. It is proven possible to contract this group to the inhomogeneous Lorentz group with ten generators, which constitute the fundamental symmetry of quantum mechanics in Einstein’s Lorentz-covariant world. Full article
Show Figures

Graphical abstract

Open AccessArticle
SU(2) × SU(2) Algebras and the Lorentz Group O(3,3)
Symmetry 2020, 12(5), 817; https://doi.org/10.3390/sym12050817 - 15 May 2020
Viewed by 980
Abstract
The Lie algebra of the Lorentz group O(3,3) admits two types of SU(2) × SU(2) subalgebras: a standard form based on spatial rotation generators and a second form based on temporal rotation generators. The units of measurement for the conserved [...] Read more.
The Lie algebra of the Lorentz group O(3,3) admits two types of SU(2) × SU(2) subalgebras: a standard form based on spatial rotation generators and a second form based on temporal rotation generators. The units of measurement for the conserved quantity due to invariance under temporal rotations are investigated and found to be the same units of measure as the Planck constant. The breaking of time reversal symmetry is considered and found to affect the chiral properties of a temporal SU(2) × SU(2) algebra. Finally, the symmetry between algebras is explored and pairs of algebras are found to be related by SU(2) × U(1) symmetry, while a group of three algebras are related by SO(4) symmetry. Full article
Back to TopTop