Unraveling the Black Box: Unleashing the Power of Explainable Deep Learning in Advanced Engineering Sciences

A special issue of Symmetry (ISSN 2073-8994).

Deadline for manuscript submissions: 31 December 2025 | Viewed by 592

Special Issue Editor


E-Mail Website
Guest Editor

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

Embarking on an innovative exploration allows us to delve into Explainable Deep Learning (XDL) and experience its profound impact on engineering sciences. This transformative journey uncovers the heart of XDL's potential, which paves the way for a groundbreaking adventure at the forefront of technological advancement. This Special Issue aims to demystify the black box of AI models, offering an extraordinary platform for researchers, experts, and visionaries to share their pioneering work that harnesses the power of XDL to propel engineering sciences into uncharted territories. This Special Issue unravels the mysteries, illuminate the complexities, and unleash the true potential of XDL in shaping the future of mankind.

This Special Issue seeks to embrace a diverse range of topics at the forefront of XDL's applications in advancing engineering sciences. We invite researchers to delve into the untapped potential of explainable AI, exploring its versatility across various engineering domains. Authors are encouraged to present groundbreaking research, visionary insights, and innovative approaches that redefine the way we perceive and utilize AI in science. Through this Special Issue, we aim to unleash the true power of XDL, demystify the black box, and pave the way for a new era of transparent, interpretable, and trustworthy AI-driven engineering research. Together, we will illuminate the complexities of data, revolutionize technology, and unlock the full potential of engineering. Let us collaboratively propel the frontiers of information sciences, unveil the secrets hidden within the black box, and empower humanity with the transformative power of XDL on the following topics: unraveling complex engineering and technology datasets using interpretable deep learning models; XDL-powered insights into genomic, proteomic, and transcriptomic data for novel discoveries; explainable AI for medical image analysis, diagnosis, and treatment planning; discover hidden patterns and engineering technology in medical images for precision medicine; build trust and transparency in AI models for critical care applications; ethical considerations and fairness in XDL deployments for equitable healthcare; big data analytics in smart road and railway infrastructure systems, including data mining, machine learning, and AI; connected and autonomous vehicles and infrastructure systems; non-destructive tests for resilience, such as infrastructure sensing and imaging; smart infrastructure systems operation and control, including network monitoring, LiDAR, or radar; emerging transport technologies to support synchro modal transport network planning; applications of new methodologies (digital twin, virtual simulation, etc.) in traffic safety research; human action recognition from camera, video, and other relevant sensor data; nontouch and touch interfaces using human action; deep learning approach for human action recognition; integrating multi-modal data to gain holistic insights into complex diseases; and advancing network-based XDL models to decipher intricate biological interactions.

The Special Issue titled "Unraveling the Black Box: Unleashing the Power of Explainable Deep Learning in Advanced Engineering Sciences" directly aligns with the MDPI journal's focus on symmetry/asymmetry phenomena across disciplines. Deep learning, particularly explainable deep learning (XDL), illuminates symmetries and asymmetries in modern technology. This Special Issue delves into XDL's role in understanding complex AI models, shedding light on symmetrical patterns while addressing asymmetrical challenges in AI deployment. Through diverse engineering domains, it reveals unique manifestations of symmetry and asymmetry, offering insights into data interpretation, model transparency, and ethical considerations. By bridging this gap, this Special Issue pioneers transparent, interpretable, and trustworthy AI-driven research in line with the MDPI Journal's goals.

Prof. Dr. Kelvin K. L. Wong
Guest Editor

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All submissions that pass pre-check are peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Symmetry is an international peer-reviewed open access monthly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 2400 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.

Keywords

  • Explainable Deep Learning (XDL)
  • medical image analysis
  • non-destructive testing
  • multi-modal data integration
  • interpretable deep learning models
  • genomic data analysis
  • big data analytics
  • autonomous vehicles
  • smart infrastructure systems
  • engineering sciences
  • AI transparency
  • digital twin
  • human action recognition

Published Papers (2 papers)

Order results
Result details
Select all
Export citation of selected articles as:

Research

23 pages, 2637 KiB  
Article
Integration of Manifold Learning and Density Estimation for Fine-Tuned Face Recognition
by Huilin Ge, Zhiyu Zhu, Jiali Ouyang, Muhammad Awais Ashraf, Zhiwen Qiu and Umar Muhammad Ibrahim
Symmetry 2024, 16(6), 765; https://doi.org/10.3390/sym16060765 - 18 Jun 2024
Viewed by 137
Abstract
With the rapid advancements in data analysis and the increasing complexity of high-dimensional datasets, traditional dimensionality reduction techniques like Local Linear Embedding (LLE) often face challenges in maintaining accuracy and efficiency. This research aims to overcome the limitations of LLE, specifically its reliance [...] Read more.
With the rapid advancements in data analysis and the increasing complexity of high-dimensional datasets, traditional dimensionality reduction techniques like Local Linear Embedding (LLE) often face challenges in maintaining accuracy and efficiency. This research aims to overcome the limitations of LLE, specifically its reliance on the nearest neighbor concept, its inability to distinguish differences among manifold points, and its underutilization of data discrimination information. To address these issues, we propose an advanced LLE algorithm that integrates decision tree-based neighbor recognition with Gaussian kernel density estimation. Decision trees accurately determine neighboring relationships, which are then optimized using Gaussian kernel density estimation to better reflect the distribution of sample points on the manifold. The algorithm also incorporates data discrimination information to enhance classification accuracy and efficiency. Evaluations in facial recognition tasks using SVM classifiers demonstrate significant improvements. Integrating decision trees (LLE-DT) yielded accuracy gains, with LFW at 98.75%, CFP 96.10%, and Olivetti 92.18%. Gaussian density estimation (LLE-GDE) achieved further enhancements, especially in LFW (99.13%), with CFP at 96.85%, and Olivetti at 91.82%. Combining both methods (LLE-DT-GDE) led to substantial improvements: LFW 99.61%, CFP 97.23%, and Olivetti 93.56%, highlighting the synergy between decision trees and Gaussian estimation. This advanced LLE algorithm effectively addresses the limitations of traditional approaches, showing promising results in complex data processing tasks such as facial recognition. These findings suggest its potential for broader applications in fields requiring robust data analysis and classification. Full article
14 pages, 10703 KiB  
Article
Symmetry-Enhanced Fuzzy Logic Analysis in Parallel and Cross-Road Scenarios: Optimizing Direction and Distance Weights for Map Matching
by Weicheng Zhou, Huilin Ge and Muhammad Awais Ashraf
Symmetry 2024, 16(6), 683; https://doi.org/10.3390/sym16060683 - 3 Jun 2024
Viewed by 158
Abstract
This study addresses the challenges of setting segmentation points in the membership function and determining appropriate weights for different types of information within a fuzzy logic algorithm for map matching. We use linear fitting to derive an empirical formula for setting segmentation points [...] Read more.
This study addresses the challenges of setting segmentation points in the membership function and determining appropriate weights for different types of information within a fuzzy logic algorithm for map matching. We use linear fitting to derive an empirical formula for setting segmentation points for the information membership function. Furthermore, we evaluate the effects of various weights for direction and distance information in parallel and cross-road scenarios. The research identified the optimal distance that achieves the highest matching accuracy and provided insights into how the weights of connection, direction, and distance information affect this accuracy. The simulations confirmed the critical importance of precise segmentation point settings and weight determinations in enhancing the accuracy of fuzzy logic algorithms for map matching. The results underscore the potency of our tailored parameter-setting strategy and contribute to knowledge of symmetry, offering practical insights for implementing fuzzy logic in map matching with a particular emphasis on the principle of symmetry in algorithm design and information processing. Full article
Show Figures

Figure 1

Back to TopTop