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Technological Advancements for Global Energy Sustainability: Role of Energy Storage, Power Converter, and Control

A special issue of Sustainability (ISSN 2071-1050). This special issue belongs to the section "Energy Sustainability".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: closed (31 March 2022) | Viewed by 17532

Special Issue Editors


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Guest Editor
School of Electrical, Computer and Telecommunications Engineering (SECTE), Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences, University of Wollongong, Wollongong, NSW 2522, Australia
Interests: renewable energy technologies; power electronics; electrical machines; smart grids; power quality; electrical vehicles
Special Issues, Collections and Topics in MDPI journals

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Guest Editor
Department of Electrical and Electronics Engineering, Chaitanya Bharati Institute of Technology, Hyderabad, India
Interests: renewable energy resources; optimization algorithms; energy storage systems; electric vehicles; smart grid
Special Issues, Collections and Topics in MDPI journals

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Guest Editor
Department of Mechatronic Engineering, Rajshahi University of Engineering and Technology, Rajshahi 6204, Bangladesh
Interests: renewable energy; micro-grid; control; optimization techniques; energy storage systems; and electric vehicles
Special Issues, Collections and Topics in MDPI journals

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

The role of energy storage systems (ESS) is important in the current landscape of renewable energy generation and electric vehicles. An ESS is incapable of having both high power and high energy density and this has led to the inception of hybrid energy storage systems (HESS). This idea of exploiting the complementary characteristics of ESS offers a technical and economic advantage over the use of a single ESS. This hybridization introduces multidisciplinary research challenges. The current trend of research focuses on the sizing of ESS, devising advanced control and energy management strategies, and developing efficient power electronic converters and their advanced switching and control for applications in renewable power generation and the transportation sectors. This Special Issue will focus on the recent technological advancements in the power and energy sector to accommodate the large penetration of renewable energy resources and electric vehicles. Further, it focused on new products in the microgrid/smart grid/future grid environment, storage systems, renewable energy technologies including solar, wind, and ocean wave, novel concepts, and their applications. Energy efficiency, system integration, system reliability and sustainability, fault mitigation, and optimization and control techniques are among the areas of interest.

Dr. Md Rabiul Islam
Dr. Thanikanti Sudhakar Babu
Dr. Sajal K. Das
Guest Editors

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All submissions that pass pre-check are peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Sustainability is an international peer-reviewed open access semimonthly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 2400 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.

Keywords

  • Advanced control strategies for power-sharing in microgrids and electric vehicles
  • Application of heuristics and meta-heuristics algorithms for efficient control of HESS
  • Optimal sizing algorithms, along with power management strategies
  • Techno-economic analysis of HESS
  • Lifecycle modeling and assessment of HESS
  • Modeling and stability analysis of HESS in microgrids
  • New combinations of advanced ESS to form HESS
  • Role of HESS in microgrids
  • Design, modeling, simulation, and application of HESS in electric vehicles (personal and commercial)
  • G2V, V2V, and V2G technologies
  • Microgrid: modeling, control, and protection techniques 
  • Power converter topologies and associated control and modulation techniques
  • Robust and efficient power converter configurations
  • Fault detection and diagnosis of DC distribution 
  • Energy management strategies, involving hybrid energy storage in microgrids 
  • New technologies in DC lighting systems
  • Modeling and power extraction enhancement techniques for solar, wind, ocean wave, and fuel cell resources 
  • Artificial intelligence and machine learning methods in the design and control of microgrids

Published Papers (6 papers)

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Research

27 pages, 8549 KiB  
Article
A Comprehensive Study of HVDC Link with Reserve Operation Control in a Multi-Infeed Direct Current Power System
by Umar Fitra Ramadhan, Jaewan Suh, Sungchul Hwang, Jaehyeong Lee and Minhan Yoon
Sustainability 2022, 14(10), 6091; https://doi.org/10.3390/su14106091 - 17 May 2022
Cited by 4 | Viewed by 2240
Abstract
The Korean government is targeting the development of a renewable energy penetration of 30–35% by 2040 of the total generation. These conditions will decrease network stability due to a lack of inertia, especially in isolated systems, such as Jeju Island. HVDC systems with [...] Read more.
The Korean government is targeting the development of a renewable energy penetration of 30–35% by 2040 of the total generation. These conditions will decrease network stability due to a lack of inertia, especially in isolated systems, such as Jeju Island. HVDC systems with several balancing arrangements of reserve operation are used to maintain variability and uncontrollability of RES penetration. This paper presents the fast frequency reserves of HVDC control systems for frequency stability enhancement in the isolated power system by using a combined frequency containment process with grid stability standards. A new MIDC reserve operation control with angle and voltage deviation at the bus converter was developed to provide a faster and more appropriate balancing arrangement compared to the other concept. In addition, two layers of energy and transfer-capacity flexibility were considered to prevent the need to hunt for that balancing arrangement, as well as low nadir frequency, unavailability of the reserve and other constraints caused by each region having a different network size, HVDC interconnection capacity, and type. The proposed control schemes were verified by simulations on the Korean power system model implemented in PSS/E for different sizes of disturbance. Full article
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23 pages, 6397 KiB  
Article
Design and Implementation of a High Step-Up DC-DC Converter Based on the Conventional Boost and Buck-Boost Converters with High Value of the Efficiency Suitable for Renewable Application
by Tohid Rahimi, Md Rabiul Islam, Hossein Gholizadeh, Saeed Mahdizadeh and Ebrahim Afjei
Sustainability 2021, 13(19), 10699; https://doi.org/10.3390/su131910699 - 26 Sep 2021
Cited by 14 | Viewed by 3090
Abstract
This paper introduces a novel topology of the proposed converter that has these merits: (i) the topology of the converter is based on conventional boost and buck-boost converters, which has caused its simplicity; (ii) the voltage gain of the converter has provided higher [...] Read more.
This paper introduces a novel topology of the proposed converter that has these merits: (i) the topology of the converter is based on conventional boost and buck-boost converters, which has caused its simplicity; (ii) the voltage gain of the converter has provided higher values by the lower value of the duty cycle; (iii) due to the use of high-efficiency conventional topologies in its structure, the efficiency of the converter keeps its high value for a great interval of duty cycle; (iv) besides the increase of the voltage gain, the current/voltage stresses of the semiconductors have been kept low; (v) the continuous input current of this converter reduces the current stress of the capacitor in the input filter. It is worth noting that the proposed converter has been discussed in both ideal and non-ideal modes. Moreover, the operation of the converter has been discussed in both continuous/discontinuous current modes. The advantages of the converter have been compared with recently suggested converters. In addition, the different features of the converter have been discussed for different conditions. In the small-signal analysis, the appropriate compensator has been designed. Finally, the simulation and experimental results have been reported for 90 W output power, 90 V output voltage, 3-times voltage gain, and 100 kHz switching frequency. Full article
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17 pages, 5152 KiB  
Article
A Stability Improvement Method of DC Microgrid System Using Passive Damping and Proportional-Resonance (PR) Control
by Jae-Suk Lee and Yeong-Jun Choi
Sustainability 2021, 13(17), 9542; https://doi.org/10.3390/su13179542 - 25 Aug 2021
Cited by 5 | Viewed by 2564
Abstract
Sustainable energy, such as sunlight and wind energy, that comes from sources that do not need to be replenished has become important. Accordingly, the importance of the design and stable management of DC microgrids is also increasing. From this point of view, this [...] Read more.
Sustainable energy, such as sunlight and wind energy, that comes from sources that do not need to be replenished has become important. Accordingly, the importance of the design and stable management of DC microgrids is also increasing. From this point of view, this paper analyzes the interaction between source and load converters constituting the DC microgrid using the derived mathematical input and output impedances models. This paper proposes a stability improvement method using the analyzed result. The method focuses on the presence or absence of input and output impedance overlap using Middlebrook’s stability criteria. To verify validity of the proposed method, a case study with three damping methods is conducted: (1) RC parallel damping with PR controller, (2) RL parallel damping with PR controller, and (3) RL series damping with PR controller. Additionally, the frequency domain characteristics and the Nyquist stability are analyzed using MATLAB, and simulation verification is conducted using PSIM. Through the analysis and simulation results, we confirm that the stability of the DC microgrid can be improved by applying the proposed method. The passive damping method analyzed in this paper is applied to an installed power converter, where it is possible to ensure the stability of the DC microgrid. Full article
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14 pages, 1068 KiB  
Article
A Rigid Cuckoo Search Algorithm for Solving Short-Term Hydrothermal Scheduling Problem
by Cui Zheyuan, Ali Thaeer Hammid, Ali Noori Kareem, Mingxin Jiang, Muamer N. Mohammed and Nallapaneni Manoj Kumar
Sustainability 2021, 13(8), 4277; https://doi.org/10.3390/su13084277 - 12 Apr 2021
Cited by 9 | Viewed by 1810
Abstract
The key criteria of the short-term hydrothermal scheduling (StHS) problem is to minimize the gross fuel cost for electricity production by scheduling the hydrothermal power generators considering the constraints related to power balance; the gross release of water, and storage limitations of the [...] Read more.
The key criteria of the short-term hydrothermal scheduling (StHS) problem is to minimize the gross fuel cost for electricity production by scheduling the hydrothermal power generators considering the constraints related to power balance; the gross release of water, and storage limitations of the reservoir, and the operating limitations of the thermal generators and hydropower plants. For addressing the same problem, numerous algorithms were being used, and related studies exist in the literature; however, they possess limitations concerning the solution state and the number of iterations it takes to reach the solution state. Hence, this article proposes using an enhanced cuckoo search algorithm (CSA) called the rigid cuckoo search algorithm (RCSA), a modified version of the traditional CSA for solving the StHS problem. The proposed RCSA improves the solution state and decreases the iteration numbers related to the CSA with a modified Lévy flight. Here, the movement distances are divided into multiple possible steps, which has infinite diversity. The effectiveness of RCSA has been validated by considering the hydrothermal power system. The observed results reveal the superior performance of RCSA among all other compared algorithms that recently have been used for the StHS problem. It is also observed that the RCSA approach has achieved minimum gross costs than other techniques. Thus, the proposed RCSA proves to be a highly effective and convenient approach for addressing the StHS problems Full article
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20 pages, 4294 KiB  
Article
An Advanced Control Technique for Power Quality Improvement of Grid-Tied Multilevel Inverter
by Sumaya Jahan, Shuvra Prokash Biswas, Md. Kamal Hosain, Md. Rabiul Islam, Safa Haq, Abbas Z. Kouzani and M A Parvez Mahmud
Sustainability 2021, 13(2), 505; https://doi.org/10.3390/su13020505 - 7 Jan 2021
Cited by 13 | Viewed by 3409
Abstract
The use of different control techniques has become very popular for controlling the performance of grid-connected photovoltaic (PV) systems. Although the proportional-integral (PI) control technique is very popular, there are some difficulties such as less stability, slow dynamic response, low reference tracking capability, [...] Read more.
The use of different control techniques has become very popular for controlling the performance of grid-connected photovoltaic (PV) systems. Although the proportional-integral (PI) control technique is very popular, there are some difficulties such as less stability, slow dynamic response, low reference tracking capability, and lower output power quality in solar PV applications. In this paper, a robust, fast, and dynamic proportional-integral resonance controller with a harmonic and lead compensator (PIR + HC + LC) is proposed to control the current of a 15-level neutral-point-clamped (NPC) multilevel inverter. The proposed controlled is basically a proportional-integral resonance (PIR) controller with the feedback of a harmonic compensator and a lead compensator. The performance of the proposed controller is analyzed in a MATLAB/Simulink environment. The simulation result represents admirable performance in terms of stability, sudden load change response, fault handling capability, reference tracking capability, and total harmonic distortion (THD) than those of the existing controllers. The responses of the inverter and grid outlets under different conditions are also analyzed. The harmonic compensator decreases the lower order harmonics of grid voltage and current, and the lead compensator provides the phase lead. It is expected that the proposed controller is a dynamic aspirant in the grid-connected PV system. Full article
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19 pages, 8564 KiB  
Article
Black Widow Optimization-Based Optimal PI-Controlled Wind Turbine Emulator
by K. Premkumar, M. Vishnupriya, Thanikanti Sudhakar Babu, B. V. Manikandan, T. Thamizhselvan, A. Nazar Ali, Md. Rabiul Islam, Abbas Z. Kouzani and M. A. Parvez Mahmud
Sustainability 2020, 12(24), 10357; https://doi.org/10.3390/su122410357 - 11 Dec 2020
Cited by 22 | Viewed by 2524
Abstract
In this article, the parameters of the proportional-integral (PI) controller of the wind turbine (WT) emulator, i.e., proportional and integral gain of the PI controller, are optimized using a black widow optimization algorithm (BWOA). The proposed system is developed and analyzed using MATLAB/Simulink [...] Read more.
In this article, the parameters of the proportional-integral (PI) controller of the wind turbine (WT) emulator, i.e., proportional and integral gain of the PI controller, are optimized using a black widow optimization algorithm (BWOA). The proposed system is developed and analyzed using MATLAB/Simulink environment. The performance of the BWOA optimized PI controller is compared with a BAT algorithm, particle swarm optimization, and genetic algorithm optimized PI controller to measure the effectiveness of the proposed control system. The developed system is tested for different operating conditions such as static wind speed settings, static pitch angle conditions, step-change in wind speed settings, and step-change in pitch angle settings. Finally, the proposed system is realized in real-time by hardware experimentations. The results of the experimentation are compared with simulation results as well. The presented simulation and hardware result shows good agreement, which confirms the effectiveness of the proposed method. Thereby, the proposed optimization-based PI-controlled wind emulator can be recommended for emulating the characteristics of any type of WT with a low-cost system. Full article
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