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Special Issue "Optimal Transition toward Innovation-Led Sustainable Governance under the 2020 Paris Regime in Asia"

A special issue of Sustainability (ISSN 2071-1050).

Deadline for manuscript submissions: 31 December 2019.

Special Issue Editor

Guest Editor
Prof. Yongrok Choi

Department of International Trade, Inha University, Inharo 100, Nam-gu, Incheon, Korea
Website | E-Mail
Phone: +82+2-10-3281-8790
Fax: +82328769328
Interests: sustainable development; sustainable e-governance

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

The 24th Conference of the Parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (COP24), held between 2 and 15 December 2018 in Katowice, Poland, agreed on rules to implement the 2015 Paris Agreement. The rules will come into force in 2020, for all participating governments to measure and to report on their emissions-cutting efforts. Based on this commitment of the COP24, all of the countries entered a new era, to provide more “transparent, measurable, and predictable” abatement efforts to overcome global warming. There were a lot of disputable agendas and issues, depending on the different circumstances and economic situations, but the Paris Regime shall overcome all of the possible challenges and create a new optimal path for all humankind. Clearly, sustainable development urgently requires the public and private sectors in diverse fields of activities, because of its complicated, yet complex procedure of the enactment. Northeast Asian countries are very sensitive to this matter because of the strong leadership of their governments, and, thus, it is of the utmost importance to develop sustainable governance in order to solve sustainable development and sustainable management issues in more harmonized ways. This Special Issue shall focus on these challenges under the Paris Regime 2020.

Dear Colleagues,

This Special Issue will consist of selected papers from the Sustainable Asia Conference 2019, an annual international conference held at the Anhui University of Finance and Economics, Bengbu, China, 21–23 June 2019. SAC 2019 (http://abf.inha.ac.kr/) is one of the leading international conferences for presenting novel and fundamental advances in sustainable development issues for Asia. Clearly, sustainable development urgently requires the public and private sectors in diverse fields of activities, because of its complicated, yet complex procedure of the enactment. Northeast Asian countries are very sensitive to this matter because of the strong leadership of their governments, and, thus, it is of the utmost importance to develop sustainable governance. Government-led political regulations could be much more important in Asia, but without the strong support of the private sector, it cannot be sustainable. We have already seen many policy failures in Asian countries at this initial stage of the ecological civilization. Therefore, this Special Issue aims to seek a workable mechanism for sustainable development. Therefore, this Special Edition shall focus on the issues of sustainable development and its governance, under the Paris Regime 2020.

The subjects of this Special Issue are, but not limited to, the following areas:

  1. Innovative case studies for sustainable eco-friendly innovation with the unique contents of implications and suggestions;
  2. New methodological or conceptual approaches for sustainable governance in Asia;
  3. Regional cooperation for sustainable development or green growth;
  4. Other related issues on sustainable development in the region

References:

Choi, Y. Introduction to the Special Issue on “the Sustainable Asia Conference 2014”, Sustainability, 2015.2(7): 1595-1602.

Choi, Y.; M. Song; S. Myeong, Introduction to the Special Issue on the Sustainable Asia Conference 2015, Sustainability 2016, 8,(266); doi:10.3390/su8030266.

Choi, Y. Sustainable Governance in Northeast Asia: Challenges for the Sustainable Frontier, Sustainability 2017, 9, 191; doi:10.3390/su9020191.

Choi, Y. Regional Cooperation for the Sustainable Development and Management in Northeast Asia, Sustainability 2018, 10(2), 548; https://doi.org/10.3390/su10020548.

Prof. Yongrok Choi
Guest Editor

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All papers will be peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Sustainability is an international peer-reviewed open access semimonthly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 1700 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.

Keywords

  • economic/social transition
  • innovation
  • sustainable governance
  • Paris Regime
  • Asia

Published Papers (4 papers)

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Research

Open AccessArticle
A Study of the Feasibility of International ETS Cooperation between Shanghai and Korea from Environmental Efficiency and CO2 Marginal Abatement Cost Perspectives
Sustainability 2019, 11(16), 4468; https://doi.org/10.3390/su11164468
Received: 24 June 2019 / Revised: 10 August 2019 / Accepted: 15 August 2019 / Published: 18 August 2019
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Abstract
With the worldwide spread of emissions trading schemes (ETSs) and the need for international cooperation on climate change, there is growing interest in linking ETSs. Along with sustainable development, preventing and controlling pollution, is now regarded as an urgent priority by China and [...] Read more.
With the worldwide spread of emissions trading schemes (ETSs) and the need for international cooperation on climate change, there is growing interest in linking ETSs. Along with sustainable development, preventing and controlling pollution, is now regarded as an urgent priority by China and Korea. In the context of the willingness of the Chinese and Korean governments to cooperate on ETS, this paper examines the feasibility of a pilot ETS cooperation between Shanghai and Korea from environmental efficiency and CO2 marginal abatement cost (MAC) perspectives. We apply a directional distance function (DDF) and stochastic frontier analysis (SFA) to estimate the environmental efficiency and the CO2 MAC of coal-fueled power plants in Shanghai and Korea using cross-sectional data from 2015. The results indicate that the group frontier environmental efficiency of Shanghai and Korea reached a similarly high score. However, as to meta-frontier environmental efficiency, the coal-fueled power plants in Korea performed better than those in Shanghai. The CO2 MAC results indicate that, despite the small gap in efficiency performance, the CO2 MAC of coal-fueled power plants is much higher than that in Shanghai due to the big feed-in tariff difference. This is because the MAC not only relates to the environmental efficiency, but also to the feed-in tariff. A higher feed-in tariff leads to higher MAC. To tackle this serious problem, which has also been addressed in previous studies, we suggest that policymakers should focus on the huge CO2 MAC differences caused by feed-in tariff differences to avoid equity problems when building the structure of the Shanghai-Korea ETS cooperation. For instance, compared with power plants in Shanghai, policymakers should set a looser cap and a higher offset for Korean plants. To reduce the impact of feed-in tariff on carbon trading in the market, it would also be effective to arrange a higher quota or a lower carbon tax for coal-fueled power plants in Korea. In addition, policymakers should fill the gaps of 85.15% and 67.6% between the realistic market price and the MAC results of coal-fueled power plants in Shanghai and Korea, respectively, by introducing stricter regulations. Full article
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Open AccessArticle
An Assessment of the Impact of Spatial Agglomeration on the Quality of China’s Wood Processing Industry Products
Sustainability 2019, 11(14), 3961; https://doi.org/10.3390/su11143961
Received: 24 May 2019 / Revised: 7 July 2019 / Accepted: 19 July 2019 / Published: 21 July 2019
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Abstract
The influence of industrial agglomeration on corporate export behavior has been widely studied by both industry and academia. However, few studies have explored the impact of the spatial agglomeration of China’s wood processing industry on the quality of its products at the micro [...] Read more.
The influence of industrial agglomeration on corporate export behavior has been widely studied by both industry and academia. However, few studies have explored the impact of the spatial agglomeration of China’s wood processing industry on the quality of its products at the micro level. In this study, we analyzed data from the China Customs Database to determine the quality of wood processing industry products at the enterprise level. Then, we matched the China Customs Database with the data in the China Industrial Enterprise Database. Based on this, we analyzed the impact of the spatial agglomeration on the quality of wood products using panel data regression. According to our results, spatial agglomeration of the wood processing industry can significantly improve product quality. Also, private enterprises are more likely to benefit from the advantages conferred by agglomeration than state-owned enterprises. Moreover, trade method does not significantly modulate the effect of spatial agglomeration on the quality of wood products. Last but not least, the agglomeration has the most significantly positive impact on the quality of products produced by the wood chip processing industry, followed by the wood products industry and the wood panel industry. Agglomeration of the bamboo and rattan palm industry actually decreases product quality. Therefore, we encourage agglomeration of timber processing enterprises, especially privately owned wood chip, wood product, and wood panel enterprises, to fully realize the benefits of the agglomeration economy. We also make policy recommendations to improve wood product quality. Full article
Open AccessArticle
Analysis of Fallow Farming Decision-Making Behavior of Farmers Based on Hawk-Dove Game Theory: The Case of Guizhou Province
Sustainability 2019, 11(14), 3821; https://doi.org/10.3390/su11143821
Received: 16 May 2019 / Revised: 29 June 2019 / Accepted: 9 July 2019 / Published: 12 July 2019
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Abstract
Implementing a land fallow policy is of great significance for ensuring China’s food security and promoting the improvement of the ecological environment. The implementation of a fallow project involves different stakeholders. Farmers are the main participants in the fallow project. The decision of [...] Read more.
Implementing a land fallow policy is of great significance for ensuring China’s food security and promoting the improvement of the ecological environment. The implementation of a fallow project involves different stakeholders. Farmers are the main participants in the fallow project. The decision of farmers to practice fallow is the key factor for the successful development of the fallow project. Therefore, this study theoretically reveals the decision-making mechanism of farmers’ participation in cultivated land fallow by utilizing the hawk-dove evolutionary game theory among farmers and explains some challenges in the implementation of fallow in Guizhou Province. We drew the following conclusions: (1) The behavior of farmers will be affected by other farmers in the same situation, and the effects of mutual incentives and imitations between the groups of farmers are affected by their interests; (2) in the fallow project, the rate of choosing either fallow or unfallow depends on the ratio of fallow income to planting income. If the income of participating in fallow is higher, the demonstration effect of farmers participating in fallow is stronger, and the strategy of continued cultivation is adopted. The fewer unfallow farmers there are, the more consolidated the results of fallow will be; and (3) the government should protect the income of farmers after fallow as much as possible, implement flexible subsidy policies, and formulate corresponding policies to successfully consolidate the fallow results. Full article
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Open AccessArticle
Is South Korea’s Emission Trading Scheme Effective? An Analysis Based on the Marginal Abatement Cost of Coal-Fueled Power Plants
Sustainability 2019, 11(9), 2504; https://doi.org/10.3390/su11092504
Received: 12 April 2019 / Revised: 24 April 2019 / Accepted: 26 April 2019 / Published: 29 April 2019
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Abstract
This paper examines not only the effectiveness of the South Korean emissions-trading scheme (ETS), but also the determinants of its performance. We apply a directional distance function and stochastic frontier analysis method to estimate environmental efficiency and the marginal CO2 abatement costs [...] Read more.
This paper examines not only the effectiveness of the South Korean emissions-trading scheme (ETS), but also the determinants of its performance. We apply a directional distance function and stochastic frontier analysis method to estimate environmental efficiency and the marginal CO2 abatement costs for 50 coal-fueled power plants from 2008 to 2016. The result indicates that the efficiency differs between the Lee Myung-bak and Park Geun-hye administration periods, with performance in the former period being relatively more effective than in the latter. Meanwhile, there were price gaps of 57.98% and 72.76% in 2015 and 2016, respectively, between the realized carbon market price and our result, indicating significant suppressed pressure on the market. We conclude that the Korean government should strengthen its regulations to more effectively implement a green economy. Policymakers could impose a carbon tax; substantially decrease the carbon emissions-free quota; and provide more incentives, especially to the energy-intensive, resource-saving coal-fueled power plants. This would ultimately keep market prices within a reasonable range and achieve a balance between the supply and demand for carbon emission allowances in the market. Full article
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