Special Issue "Sustainable Mobility and Transport"

A special issue of Sustainability (ISSN 2071-1050).

Deadline for manuscript submissions: 31 August 2021.

Special Issue Editors

Prof. Dr. Tommi Inkinen
E-Mail Website
Guest Editor
Centre for Maritime Studies, Brahea Centre, University of Turku, Turku, 20014, Finland
Interests: economic geography; innovation systems; urban technology; maritime studies
Special Issues and Collections in MDPI journals
Prof. Dr. Tan Yigitcanlar
E-Mail Website
Guest Editor
School of Built Environment, Queensland University of Technology, 2 George Street, Brisbane, QLD 4000, Australia
Interests: smart technologies communities, cities, and urbanism; sustainable and resilient cities; communities and urban ecosystems; knowledge-based development of cities and innovation districts
Special Issues and Collections in MDPI journals
Prof. Dr. Mark Wilson
E-Mail Website
Guest Editor
School of Planning, Design and Construction, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI 48824, USA
Interests: urban events; urban planning; planning geography

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

This Special Issue (SI) aims to increase understanding of the impacts and effects of mobility and transport in sustainability. In particular, we are seeking papers focused on the challenges and obstacles on a system-level decision making of clean mobility and indirect effects caused by these changes. The proposed papers should have an international context and they should contribute cutting-edge studies in the relevant fields. These include but are not limited to sustainability, transport geography, mobility studies, transport research, and social scientific technology studies. The SI welcomes both theoretical as well as empirical papers on these topics. In addition, public sector analysis and transport planning papers are most welcome. The articles should be targeted to the academic community as well as to practitioners, such as developers, planners, and officers in order to increase understanding of the dynamics of sustainable mobility and transport.

The identified broad research themes may be addressed through potent case studies or international comparisons. The SI explores academic, conceptual, methodological, or application-based research work conducted across the globe, with a strong connection to technological development and/or the analysis of mobility/transportation projects.

Suitable topics include but are not limited to:

* Integration of spatial analysis and sustainability in transport and mobility

* Regional and urban case studies of transport

* Epistemological considerations for transferable information in mobility

* Economics of transport and mobility

* Cities as hubs of connectivity: ports, terminals, hot-spots

* Urban-rural dichotomies and digitalization

* Experimental analyses of eco-efficient transport

* Comparative studies of transport emissions

* Transport geography

* Local lessons of smart mobility

* Policy studies of mobility and transport

* Social aspects of movement with respect to digitalization

Prof. Dr. Tommi Inkinen
Prof. Tan Yigitcanlar
Prof. Mark Wilson
Guest Editors

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All papers will be peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Sustainability is an international peer-reviewed open access semimonthly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 1900 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.

Keywords

  • Mobility
  • Transport
  • Environment
  • Clean Tech
  • Urban and Regional Planning

Published Papers (5 papers)

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Research

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Open AccessArticle
Transport Mode Choice for Residents in a Tourist Destination: The Long Road to Sustainability (the Case of Mallorca, Spain)
Sustainability 2020, 12(22), 9480; https://doi.org/10.3390/su12229480 - 14 Nov 2020
Cited by 1 | Viewed by 521
Abstract
Sustainable mobility policies may encounter social, economic, and cultural barriers to successful implementation that need to be assessed. In this sense, knowledge of the population’s mobility habits and their relationship with transport modes is particularly essential. Along these lines, a study was carried [...] Read more.
Sustainable mobility policies may encounter social, economic, and cultural barriers to successful implementation that need to be assessed. In this sense, knowledge of the population’s mobility habits and their relationship with transport modes is particularly essential. Along these lines, a study was carried out of the patterns of transport modes chosen concerning various social and territorial variables on the island of Mallorca based on the most recent mobility surveys. The study shows that the choice of mode is influenced by a wide range of factors, such as gender, age group, motive for the trip, occupation, region of residence, duration of the trip, and proximity to Palma, the capital of the island. The results indicate that private vehicles are the most often chosen mode of transport. Private vehicles are mainly used by working men between 30 and 44 years old for journeys between home and work, which do not exceed 30 min and are preferably in areas close to Palma. Sustainable modes are little used, although they are mainly used by women, young people, and retired people for work purposes and for access to educational and health centers. The demand for transport generated by the resident population and tourist activity and the negative externalities generated by mobility in private vehicles are closely related on a municipal level (Pearson’s coefficient 0.84, p = 0.00). However, the modal distribution does not seem to be directly related to these factors. Instead, it develops a more conditioned distribution by access to rail transport infrastructures and other geographical factors. In recent years, the Balearic Islands’ public administration launched the Balearic Islands Sectorial Mobility Plan 2019–2026, which aims to promote sustainable modes and reduce the use of private vehicles. This plan represents a considerable economic investment, but will also require great institutional coordination and cultural changes in the population’s perception of mobility. The study shows that the implementation of sustainable modes on the island requires a global vision of mobility issues that integrates urban planning and tourism planning to make the land-use model more sustainable. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sustainable Mobility and Transport)
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Open AccessArticle
Does High-Speed Railway Influence Convergence of Urban-Rural Income Gap in China?
Sustainability 2020, 12(10), 4236; https://doi.org/10.3390/su12104236 - 21 May 2020
Viewed by 856
Abstract
Transportation is an important factor affecting the balance of regional economic pattern. The construction of high-speed railway enhances the mobility of population, capital, technology and information resources between urban and rural areas. Will it further affect the income gap between urban and rural [...] Read more.
Transportation is an important factor affecting the balance of regional economic pattern. The construction of high-speed railway enhances the mobility of population, capital, technology and information resources between urban and rural areas. Will it further affect the income gap between urban and rural areas? Based on the nonlinear time-varying factor model, this paper analyzes the convergence of urban-rural income gap with the angle of high-speed railway. After rejecting the assumption of overall convergence in the traditional four economic regions, three convergence clubs of urban-rural income gap were found. For these ordered logit regression model is used to explore the initial factors that may affect the formation of “convergence club”. Empirical results show that the construction of High-speed railway has effectively narrows the urban-rural income gap in China, but it is not the cause of the formation of the three convergence clubs. The convergence effect of High-speed railway on the urban-rural income gap in China is still relatively weak. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sustainable Mobility and Transport)
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Open AccessArticle
Business Models Amid Changes in Regulation and Environment: The Case of Finland–Russia
Sustainability 2020, 12(8), 3393; https://doi.org/10.3390/su12083393 - 21 Apr 2020
Cited by 3 | Viewed by 1041
Abstract
Changes in regulation are affecting the international business environment. In this study the impact of regulation changes and ways to benefit from those in Finland and Russia are examined. Logistics and manufacturing companies are studied using the case study approach including ten semi-structured [...] Read more.
Changes in regulation are affecting the international business environment. In this study the impact of regulation changes and ways to benefit from those in Finland and Russia are examined. Logistics and manufacturing companies are studied using the case study approach including ten semi-structured interviews (Finland and Russia) and a survey (Southeast Finland), further supported by an additional survey for logistics sector companies (Southeast Finland). The changes in the business environment have created a fragmented market with a growing number of actors. Three business models (blockchain-based, platform-based and innovative subcontracting-based), capitalizing on the growing number of actors, were incepted in the interview phase and evaluated in the survey phase with companies. These models are integrable with the circular economy, a relevant practice according to the studied companies. Blockchain was perceived as a still immature technology. Further study revealed that the companies are not well prepared for environmental demands in logistics, and the overall volumes and business climate between the analyzed countries have not improved. Additionally, those companies do not actively pursue the possibilities of new technologies. The impact of regulatory changes in this region has not been examined closely with a case study approach. This study helps to explain the current trends in an established market. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sustainable Mobility and Transport)
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Open AccessArticle
Development of Micro-Mobility Based on Piezoelectric Energy Harvesting for Smart City Applications
Sustainability 2020, 12(7), 2933; https://doi.org/10.3390/su12072933 - 07 Apr 2020
Cited by 3 | Viewed by 1163
Abstract
This study investigates the use of an alternative energy source in the production of electric energy to meet the increasing energy requirements, encourage the use of clean energy, and thus reduce the effects of global warming. The alternative energy source used is a [...] Read more.
This study investigates the use of an alternative energy source in the production of electric energy to meet the increasing energy requirements, encourage the use of clean energy, and thus reduce the effects of global warming. The alternative energy source used is a mechanical energy by piezoelectric material, which can convert mechanical energy into electrical energy, that can convert mechanical energy from pressure forces and vibrations during activities such as walking and traveling into electrical energy. Herein, a pilot device is designed, involving the modification of a bicycle into a stationary exercise bike with a piezoelectric generator, to study energy conversion and storage generated from using the bike. Secondly, the piezoelectric energy harvesting system is used on bicycles as a micro-mobility, light electric utility vehicle with smart operation, providing a novel approach to smart city design. The results show that the energy harvested from the piezoelectric devices can be stored in a 3200 mAh, 5 V battery and power sensors on the bicycle. Moreover, 13.6 mW power can be generated at regular cycling speed, outputting 11.5 V and 1.2 mA. Therefore, the piezoelectric energy harvesting system has sufficient potential for application as a renewable energy source that can be used with low power equipment. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sustainable Mobility and Transport)
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Review

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Open AccessReview
Reviewing Truck Logistics: Solutions for Achieving Low Emission Road Freight Transport
Sustainability 2020, 12(17), 6714; https://doi.org/10.3390/su12176714 - 19 Aug 2020
Cited by 6 | Viewed by 993
Abstract
Low emission logistics have become an expected and desired goal in all fields of transportation, particularly in the European Union. Heavy-duty trucks (HDTs) are significant producers of emissions and pollution in inland transports. Their role is significant, as in multimodal transport chains truck [...] Read more.
Low emission logistics have become an expected and desired goal in all fields of transportation, particularly in the European Union. Heavy-duty trucks (HDTs) are significant producers of emissions and pollution in inland transports. Their role is significant, as in multimodal transport chains truck transportation is, in most cases, the only viable solution to connect hinterlands with ports. Diesel engines are the main power source of trucks and their emission efficiency is the key challenge in environmentally sound freight transportation. This review paper addresses the academic literature focusing on truck emissions. The paper relies on the preliminary hypothesis that simple single solutions are nonexistent and that there will be a collection of suggestions and solutions for improving the emission efficiency in trucks. The paper focuses on the technical properties, emission types, and fuel solutions used in freight logistics. Truck manufacturing, maintenance, and other indirect emissions like construction of road infrastructure have been excluded from this review. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sustainable Mobility and Transport)
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