Special Issue "Clusters, Geographies, Economies, Innovations"

Special Issue Editor

Prof. Dr. Tommi Inkinen
Website
Guest Editor
Centre for Maritime Studies, Brahea Centre, University of Turku, Turku, 20014, Finland
Interests: economic geography; innovation systems; urban technology; maritime studies
Special Issues and Collections in MDPI journals

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

This Special Issue focuses on economic geographies, clusters, and innovations. Suitable topics include, e.g., studies on economic geography, digitalization, urban development, clusters, and innovations. This themed issue welcomes article proposals that will provide insight into spatial formations of information, communication, technologies, and knowledge production from various perspectives including analyses of the public and private sectors, together with NGOs and other stakeholders. Potential papers may focus on theoretical developments or empirical analyses. The articles are targeted at the academic community, as well as practitioners, such as spatial developers, planners, and officers, in order to increase the understanding of the dynamics and factors effecting spatial economy (in particular, information regarding the challenges and obstacles that should be considered in decision making in cities or/and peripheral locations).

Suitable topics include but are not limited to:

  • Integration of spatial analysis and knowledge-based theory
  • Regional case studies of technology geographies
  • Epistemological considerations of information- and knowledge-driven studies of spatial or regional development
  • Spatial scaling of knowledge sources for economic growth
  • Clusters of knowledge creation
  • Urban–rural dichotomies and digitalization
  • Case-based solutions for local knowledge economies
  • Comparative studies of innovative growth
  • Geographical differentiation of innovation and knowledge production between and within countries
  • Local lessons of science/technology andinnovation initiatives
  • Policy studies of technology
  • Travelling theory, location context, and ICT

Prof. Dr. Tommi Inkinen
Guest Editor

Manuscript Submission Information

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Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Journal of Open Innovation: Technology, Market, and Complexity is an international peer-reviewed open access quarterly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 800 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.

Keywords

  • Economic geography
  • Clusters
  • Innovative cities
  • Economy
  • Innovation
  • Spatial development

Published Papers (3 papers)

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Research

Open AccessArticle
The Evaluation Model on an Application of SROI for Sustainable Social Enterprises
J. Open Innov. Technol. Mark. Complex. 2020, 6(1), 7; https://doi.org/10.3390/joitmc6010007 - 26 Jan 2020
Abstract
The evaluation of social enterprises has been criticized for not being able to reflect the positive social aspects of the company through the financial evaluation. SROI (Social Return on Investment) is a social concept applied to the measurement of economic return on investment [...] Read more.
The evaluation of social enterprises has been criticized for not being able to reflect the positive social aspects of the company through the financial evaluation. SROI (Social Return on Investment) is a social concept applied to the measurement of economic return on investment that aims to measure the social added value of social enterprises and reflect them in their performance. It is necessary to research for the provision of support and management for sustainable social enterprises, and to prepare a method for evaluating social enterprise by applying SROI. The Delphi 1st and 2nd surveys for the development of evaluation model for social enterprises using SROI were conducted by 50 social enterprise CEOs and experts. To produce the results of this study, the SPSS 20.0, AMOS 24 and Expert Choice 11 programs were used and the pairwise comparison analysis method was performed to analyze importance and priority. The results of the Delphi and AHP (Analytic Hierarchy Process) analysis showed that employment was the most important factor in social enterprises with the highest share of newly hired personnel. Employment-type social enterprises have the highest priority in terms of employment, income (income increase for vulnerable workers), and community contribution (affordable of social services), while the social service type was in order of employment, community contribution, and income (income increase for the vulnerable workers). On the other hand, the mixed type was employment (newly hired personnel), income (income increase of vulnerable workers), employment (social work participants’ switch to similar work after contract expiration), and community contribution (affordable of social services). This study makes efforts to form social capital by raising the public’s awareness of social value with efficient management through various evaluations of social enterprises and the emergence of various social enterprises. This study also emphasizes the need to better understand social enterprises as a multi-scholar and multi-dimensional organization that includes a multi-faced mechanism of social, economic, and environmental community development, away from understanding social enterprises as a specific business model. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Clusters, Geographies, Economies, Innovations)
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Open AccessArticle
Knowledge Spillovers: An Evidence from The European Regions
J. Open Innov. Technol. Mark. Complex. 2019, 5(3), 68; https://doi.org/10.3390/joitmc5030068 - 06 Sep 2019
Cited by 2
Abstract
The article deals with the issue of knowledge spillovers in the European regions. For this purpose, a standard Knowledge Production Function (KPF) approach was extended by the application of spatial econometrics methods. Our analysis started from the construction of the alternative structures of [...] Read more.
The article deals with the issue of knowledge spillovers in the European regions. For this purpose, a standard Knowledge Production Function (KPF) approach was extended by the application of spatial econometrics methods. Our analysis started from the construction of the alternative structures of the spatial weight matrices. These matrices were based on technological and institutional proximities, which represent compelling alternatives to geographic proximity regarded as a kind of all-encompassing connectivity measure. The next step in our analysis was the modeling of regional knowledge generation processes. We treated R&D expenditures and human resources in science and technology as the input measures and patent applications to the European Patent Office as the output measure in our basic and extended models. The results show that the scope and direction of knowledge spillovers are sensitive to the type of knowledge (tacit vs. codified) and proximity dimension engaged. These findings contribute to the current debate in the geography of innovation and economics of knowledge literature. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Clusters, Geographies, Economies, Innovations)
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Open AccessArticle
TCKF-Connect: A Cross-Disciplinary Conceptual Framework to Investigate Internationalization within the Context of Entrepreneurial Ecosystems
J. Open Innov. Technol. Mark. Complex. 2019, 5(2), 28; https://doi.org/10.3390/joitmc5020028 - 09 May 2019
Cited by 1
Abstract
This conceptual paper examines the still under-researched phenomena associated with internationalization within the context of entrepreneurial ecosystems. Drawing on multiple literature streams, I develop TCKF-Connect, a cross-disciplinary conceptual framework to investigate how entrepreneurial ecosystems become globally connected, and how, in turn, an ecosystem’s [...] Read more.
This conceptual paper examines the still under-researched phenomena associated with internationalization within the context of entrepreneurial ecosystems. Drawing on multiple literature streams, I develop TCKF-Connect, a cross-disciplinary conceptual framework to investigate how entrepreneurial ecosystems become globally connected, and how, in turn, an ecosystem’s global connectedness can drive and sustain the internationalization processes of innovative start-ups. I propose a distinction between entrepreneurial ecosystems’ connectivity and ecosystems’ connectedness, where the former is purported as a necessary but not sufficient condition to achieve the latter. The framework developed revolves around the role played by a specific “vehicle” of connectivity across entrepreneurial ecosystems, i.e., temporary clusters, as conceptualized by Maskell, Bathelt and Malmberg and focuses on the role of knowledge flows within temporary clusters and across the entrepreneurial ecosystems where the temporary clusters are nested. The cross-disciplinary conceptual framework developed contributes to both research and policy debates by underpinning the investigation of research questions to further our understanding of the interplay between internationalization of entrepreneurial ecosystems and internationalization of the start-ups nested within them. The article proposes a research agenda emanating from the application of the cross-disciplinary conceptual framework developed and suggests a methodology for the empirical investigation. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Clusters, Geographies, Economies, Innovations)
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