Special Issue "Management of Comprehensive Development of the Arctic Territory"

A special issue of Resources (ISSN 2079-9276).

Deadline for manuscript submissions: closed (1 April 2019)

Special Issue Editor

Guest Editor
Dr. Yury Klochkov

Peter the Great St. Petersburg Polytechnic University: St. Petersburg, Russia
Website | E-Mail
Interests: quality management; qualimetry; mathematical methods of analysis; regional development

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

The main reason for developing the Arctic region is its resources: About 30% of undiscovered natural gas resources and 13% of undiscovered oil resources, non-ferrous, rare and noble metals deposits are situated in the Arctic region. Moreover, the Arctic ocean is nowadays regarded as an important transport corridor.

  • Interests of Asian countries in the Arctic region

Among Asian countries, India, China, South Korea, Japan, and Singapore demonstrate outstanding interest in studying the Arctic region. India has been a permanent observer in the Arctic Council since 2013. India puts forward an initiative of demilitarization and denuclearization of the Arctic region. China is also a permanent observer in the Arctic Council. For China the development of the country into a great maritime power is one of the priority growth areas. China has two key concepts of Arctic region development. The first concept is internationalization of the Arctic region as a common heritage of humanity. The second concept is the development of the “Northern Silk Road”: Control over the Arctic region means control over the world economy.

For the Russian Federation, the Arctic region is a traditional sphere of interest. The total area of Russian Arctic territory is over 6 million km2. The area of Arctic maritime space inside territorial waters and exclusive economic zone of the Russian Federation is over 3 million km2. The land area of the Russian Arctic territory is about 18% of the total area of the country. Basic Principles of State Policy of the Russian Federation in the Arctic region provide the following priority directions of Arctic region development: Integrated socioeconomic development of the region, development of research and technologies, development of modern information and telecommunications infrastructure, and provision of environmental security.

  • Climate and environmental conditions

The climate of Arctic deserts is extremely severe with strong winds, scarce precipitation and extremely low temperatures (average temperatures of the warmest month are about 0 °С. Snow cover on land territories holds throughout the year melting only for one or one and a half months.

  • Natural resources deposits

According to experts’ estimates the Arctic region contains 58% of hydrocarbon resources of the World ocean. According to estimates, only Russian Arctic shelf contains about 100 milliard tons of oil equivalent. At present there are 46 discovered fields, among them 6 unique fields each containing over 500 million tons of oil equivalent. These are Shtokman gas and condensate field in the Barents sea, Leningrad and Russanov gas and condensate fields and Kamenny Cape gas field in the Kara sea, Lunsk oil and condensate field in the Sea of Okhotsk. These six fields contain 64% of discovered resources of Russian Arctic shelf. The Arctic region contains major fields of chemical, copper-nickel and iron ore raw materials, as well as noble and rare metals and rare earth elements.

  • Socioeconomic development of the Arctic region

Development of the Arctic region is influenced by the following factors: a) extreme natural and climatic conditions including low temperatures, strong winds and ice cover on the surface of Arctic seas; b) cellular nature of industrial and economic development and underpopulation of the region; c) remoteness from major industrial centers; d) resource-intensiveness and dependence on fuel, food and basic consumer goods supplies from other Russian regions; and e) low sustainability of ecological systems influencing biological balance and the Earth’s climate and their dependence on human impact.

Thus, the Arctic region is interesting from economic, political and scientific points of view. Extreme climatic conditions require of special technologies and machines, different forms of government and life support, which increases researcher interest worldwide. The present Specia Issue contains the collection of scientific papers dedicated to the main directions of Arctic region development.

Dr. Yury Klochkov
Guest Editor

Manuscript Submission Information

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Keywords

  • Arctic region
  • extreme climatic condition
  • climate and environmental conditions
  • natural resources deposits
  • socioeconomic development

Published Papers (6 papers)

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Research

Open AccessArticle
Managing Innovation Resources in Accordance with Sustainable Development Ethics: Typological Analysis
Received: 15 March 2019 / Revised: 22 April 2019 / Accepted: 22 April 2019 / Published: 25 April 2019
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Abstract
The regional development path depends on managing innovation resources. However, increasing the quantity of innovation activity and managing innovation resources only by financial indicators does not guarantee progress in sustainable development. This paper argues that basic conditions for effective sustainability-oriented innovation activities are: [...] Read more.
The regional development path depends on managing innovation resources. However, increasing the quantity of innovation activity and managing innovation resources only by financial indicators does not guarantee progress in sustainable development. This paper argues that basic conditions for effective sustainability-oriented innovation activities are: (1) the accordance of relevant activities with sustainable development ethics and (2) their marked focus on systemic and long-term sustainable development targets. These parameters can be considered fundamental principles for designing and developing effective sustainability-oriented innovation systems and innovation policies. Analysis of the two basic principles precedes estimation of the effectiveness of innovation activities, innovation systems, or innovation policies. In this paper, a special typological analysis technique was applied to assess basic conditions for the effectiveness of sustainability-oriented innovation activities observed in the case of the Tyumen region, Russia. It was found that since 2009 the Tyumen regional innovation support system has not been conceptually designed in accordance with sustainable development ethics or considering a long-term vision. Therefore, the projects themselves afford only temporary solutions to regional problems by implementing innovations that mainly have short-term and mid-term social–economic effects. As a result of the analysis of fundamental conditions for sustainability-oriented innovation activities in Tyumen region, this paper proposes recommendations on necessary measures for redesigning decision-making principles of regional innovation support systems in order to significantly increase the potential impact on the development of a truly sustainable regional economy. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Management of Comprehensive Development of the Arctic Territory)
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Open AccessArticle
The Assessment of Innovation Development in the Arctic Regions of Russia Based on the Triple Helix Model
Received: 15 March 2019 / Revised: 9 April 2019 / Accepted: 12 April 2019 / Published: 18 April 2019
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Abstract
This article presents the methodology and tools for the econometric analysis and assessment of the innovation development of the Russian Arctic regions, under the Triple Helix concept. The econometric calculations based on this methodology allow the express assessment of innovation development of a [...] Read more.
This article presents the methodology and tools for the econometric analysis and assessment of the innovation development of the Russian Arctic regions, under the Triple Helix concept. The econometric calculations based on this methodology allow the express assessment of innovation development of a region and the contribution of the science and education complex (SEdC), industries, and the government, to the integral index of innovation development of this region, using minimum key statistical indicators in the field of science and innovation. The calculation results obtained using the author’s methodology show the adequacy of the express rating, with respect to the rating data obtained using other methodologies. The main advantage of the proposed methodology is the elimination of the human factors arising from the weighing coefficients and the results of the expert assessments used in the other rating methodologies. The calculation results obtained using this methodology might be useful to the executive bodies of state authorities, business entities, and scientific and educational institutions, for an express assessment and for making various organizational and managerial decisions on innovation development in a region. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Management of Comprehensive Development of the Arctic Territory)
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Open AccessArticle
Development of Alloyed Pipe Steel Composition for Oil and Gas Production in the Arctic Region
Received: 5 March 2019 / Revised: 26 March 2019 / Accepted: 3 April 2019 / Published: 8 April 2019
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Abstract
Gas and oil pipelines for the Arctic region must sustain low temperatures and high internal pressures of a corrosive active medium. Generation of new steel compositions for oil and gas pipelines is an urgent issue in order to ensure their high reliability. Low-carbon [...] Read more.
Gas and oil pipelines for the Arctic region must sustain low temperatures and high internal pressures of a corrosive active medium. Generation of new steel compositions for oil and gas pipelines is an urgent issue in order to ensure their high reliability. Low-carbon steels with a ferritic–pearlitic structure are normally used in pipe production, but they are unable to cope with increased market demands. The main objective of this study is to investigate the influence of the cooling rate on the structure and morphological characteristics of bainite, which determines the exploitation properties of the pipe steels. Dilatometric tests were carried out using a Gleeble 3500 complex. Optical microscope and scanning electron microscope analysis, with the computer image analysis system Thixomet PRO, were used to study the microstructure of steel. Hardness was measured in accordance with ASTM E-384. Morphological characteristics of bainite components that were formed at various cooling rates from 0.05 to 100 °C/s were defined. The novel result of this study is the continuous cooling transformation diagram of undercooled austenite of the steel containing 0.062% C; 1.80% Mn; 0.120% Mo; 0.032% Cr, 0.90% Ni and other elements (Al, Cu, V, Nb, Ti). Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Management of Comprehensive Development of the Arctic Territory)
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Open AccessArticle
Modeling Competition between Countries in the Development of Arctic Resources
Received: 30 January 2019 / Revised: 20 February 2019 / Accepted: 27 February 2019 / Published: 6 March 2019
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Abstract
The article is devoted to the approaches that can be applied in the distribution of Arctic resources between the main reference countries of this region. The objective economic nature of the problems that arise in this region makes it possible to characterize them [...] Read more.
The article is devoted to the approaches that can be applied in the distribution of Arctic resources between the main reference countries of this region. The objective economic nature of the problems that arise in this region makes it possible to characterize them as a competition of claims for a limited and potentially dynamically changing resource. At a formal level, this problem has a general nature and it is typical for many areas of modern economy. At the same time, it is impossible to deny its specifics, which imposes significant restrictions on possible methods of solution. In recent years, problems in the sphere of interstate cooperation under conditions of limited resources have significantly increased. In such a situation, scientific and practical research in the field of mechanisms for regulating the relations between the parties (economic entities) becomes interesting. In analyzing the mechanisms of distribution of limited resources, one can use the theory of cooperative games, mathematical models of resource rationing, as well as works on the study of problems of equitable distribution (s.c. Fair Divisions). In the framework of such tasks, the range of applicants for limited resources can be limited to countries or regions directly adjacent. The process can be include of “external players” who have sufficient investment potential. The subsequent development and analysis of the problems of regulating intercountry interaction are associated with mathematical formalization. Such formalization presupposes a description of the situation of competitive interaction between countries in the form of a stochastic cooperative game. An analysis of possible concepts for the solution of this game will lead to meaningful conclusions about specific schemes (mechanisms) of rationing. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Management of Comprehensive Development of the Arctic Territory)
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Open AccessArticle
A Mathematical Model of Regional Socio-Economic Development of the Russian Arctic Zone
Received: 16 January 2019 / Revised: 6 February 2019 / Accepted: 13 February 2019 / Published: 28 February 2019
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Abstract
This work touches upon the tasks of describing regional socio-economic development. The nature of the considered problem indicates the fact that the only relevant tool here is mathematical modeling. In this paper, the application of mathematical modeling is considered for the problem of [...] Read more.
This work touches upon the tasks of describing regional socio-economic development. The nature of the considered problem indicates the fact that the only relevant tool here is mathematical modeling. In this paper, the application of mathematical modeling is considered for the problem of managing regional development. The results of calculations based on the regional dynamic model that passes through the hierarchy of instabilities (the correspondence of the same stationary points of the model to different parameters) are presented. These instabilities lead to increasingly complex structures. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Management of Comprehensive Development of the Arctic Territory)
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Open AccessArticle
Impact of 3D-Printing Technologies on the Transformation of Industrial Production in the Arctic Zone
Received: 16 November 2018 / Revised: 6 January 2019 / Accepted: 9 January 2019 / Published: 16 January 2019
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Abstract
Today the process of transition to a new technological order has become evident to everyone, especially in developed countries. One of the most urgent areas for ensuring the long-term competitiveness of industrial enterprises is the development of the Arctic zone. This region has [...] Read more.
Today the process of transition to a new technological order has become evident to everyone, especially in developed countries. One of the most urgent areas for ensuring the long-term competitiveness of industrial enterprises is the development of the Arctic zone. This region has many economic and logistical difficulties, the solution of which may lie in the use of advanced technologies of the new technological order, for example, 3D-printing technologies. The aim of the article is to study the transformation of the cost structure of industrial products as a result of integration of 3D-printing technologies into the production process of industrial enterprise operating in the Arctic zone. It was found that the structure of the main cost elements varies greatly, due to the ambiguity of replacing computer numerical control (CNC) (or other classical shaping technologies) with 3D-printing technologies, as well as the specifics of supply chains, which is quite urgent for the Arctic region. The results of empirical study necessitate the development of tools for predicting the economic viability of integrating 3D-printing technologies into the technological processes of industrial enterprises operating in the Arctic zone. Within the article, the authors substantiated and developed a fuzzy-multiple model for assessing the level of investment attractiveness of integration of 3D-printing technologies into the production process of an industrial enterprise operating the Arctic zone. One of the aims of this model is to answer the question of whether an enterprise should invest in a technological transition to 3D-printing technologies. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Management of Comprehensive Development of the Arctic Territory)
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