Special Issue "Urban Heat Island Remote Sensing"
Deadline for manuscript submissions: closed (31 July 2019).
Interests: atmospheric correction in visible and infrared domains; retrieval of emissivity; surface temperature; evapotranspiration; thermal inertia; atmospheric water vapor from satellite image; the development of remote sensing methods for land cover dynamic monitoring
Special Issues and Collections in MDPI journals
Special Issue in ISPRS International Journal of Geo-Information: Recent Advances in Geodesy & Its Applications
Special Issue in Remote Sensing: Thermal Infrared Remote Sensing and Its Application to Land Surface Parameters
Special Issue in Sensors: Selected Papers from "6th International Symposium on Recent Advances in Quantitative Remote Sensing (RAQRS 2020)"
Interests: thermal remote sensing; retrieval of emissivity; surface temperature; calibration; validation with in situ data; surface urban heat island
In 2017, more than 50% of the world population lived in cities (Population Reference Bureau, 2017). This percentage is increasing every year as the world is being urbanized and, therefore, natural surfaces are being replaced by artificial ones with different thermal properties. As the urbanized surface grows, changes in the local climate occur. The Urban Heat Island (UHI) phenomenon is one example of this local climate change. This effect is characterized by the heating of urban zones in comparison to its non-urbanized surroundings. The effect is most relevant at night when urban surfaces, with higher heat capacities than rural surfaces, release energy that has been stored during the daytime with less efficiency than do the rural areas. Among the local impacts of the UHI phenomenon, those who stand out are the influence on the energy consumption, mainly in hot climate regions where the use of air-conditioning is increasing. Moreover, higher urban temperatures can increase the amount of urban smog that is formed, raising the level of air pollution. Finally, one of the most important impacts is the influence on human health.
Remote sensing data are a powerful tool to study the urban environment. The data provide the information for a city, covering the entire urban area at the same time. This is one of the advantages of using remote sensing data over the use of conventional data that are registered at urban meteorological stations. In addition, the meteorological network inside a city is not always as complete as desirable, and stations are not always evenly distributed spatially within the city. Consequently, some large areas may remain without coverage.
The main focus of this Special Issue is to compile the state-of-the-art in Urban Heat Island applications using remote sensing data. The Special Issue should serve as a medium to present and discuss both potential and challenges for future research in this area.
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- Rajasekar, U.; Weng, Q.H. Spatio-temporal modelling and analysis of urban heat islands by using Landsat TM and ETM plus imagery. J. Remote Sens. 2009, 30, 3531–3548.
- Sobrino, J.A.; Bianchi, R.; Paganini, M.; Sòria, G.; Jimenez-Munoz, J.C.; Oltra-Carrió, R.; et al. Dual-use European Security IR Experiment 2008 (DESIREX 2008) Final Report. European Space Agency: Frascati, Italy, 2009.
- Sobrino, J.A.; Oltra-Carrió, R.; Sòria, G.; Bianchi, R.; Paganini, M. Impact of spatial resolution and satellite overpass time on evaluation of the surface urban heat island effects. Remote Sens. Environ. 2012, 117, 50–56.
- Oltra-Carrió, R.; Sobrino, J.A.; Franch, B.; Nerry, F. Land surface emissivity retrieval from airborne sensor over urban areas, Remote Sens. Environ. 2012, 123, 298–305.
- Sobrino, J.A.R.; Oltra-Carrió, G.; Sòria, J.C.; Jiménez-Muñoz, B.; Franch, V.; Hidalgo, C.; Mattar, Y.; Julien, J.; Cuenca, M.; Romaguera, J.A.; et al. Evaluation of the surface urban heat island effect in the city of Madrid by thermal remote sensing. J. Remote Sens. 2013, 34, 3177–3192.
- Oltra-Carrio, R.; Cuberó-Castan, M.; Briottet, X.; Sobrino, J.A. Analysis of the performance of the TES algorithm over urban areas. IEEE Trans. Geos. Remote Sens. 2014, 52,6989–6998.
Dr. Jose A. Sobrino
Dr. Guillem Sòria
Manuscript Submission Information
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- Urban Heat Island
- Land Surface Temperature
- Remote Sensing