Special Issue "Selected Papers from the 3rd International Conference on Scientific Actualities and Innovations in Horticulture (SAIH2022)"

A special issue of Plants (ISSN 2223-7747). This special issue belongs to the section "Horticultural Science and Ornamental Plants".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: closed (20 December 2022) | Viewed by 2266

Special Issue Editors

Dr. Giedrė Samuolienė
E-Mail Website
Guest Editor
Dr. Neringa Rasiukeviciute
E-Mail Website
Guest Editor
Lithuanian Research Centre for Agriculture and Forestry, Institute of Horticulture, LT-54333 Babtai, Lithuania
Interests: horticultural plant diseases; plant protection; disease forecasting
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Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

Seeking to establish new links and collaborations among participants, the 3rd International Conference on Scientific Actualities and Innovations in Horticulture (SAIH2022) will bring together researchers from diverse fields of study who share a common interest in horticulture. The conference will address the leading topics in horticulture today. Researchers will have the opportunity to present scientific results, meet colleagues, develop ideas for new experimental projects, and discuss the latest developments, insights, changes, and solutions in horticultural science.

We hope that SAIH2022 will provide an excellent platform to present research results, exchange ideas, and share experiences tp help establish further working partnerships and friendships. Depending on the COVID-19 situation, the conference may be changed to a virtual event.

Topics:

Seeking to establish new links and collaborations among participants, the 3rd International Conference on Scientific Actualities and Innovations in Horticulture (SAIH2022) will bring together researchers from diverse fields of study who share a common interest in horticulture. The conference will address the leading topics in horticulture today. Researchers will have the opportunity to present scientific results, meet colleagues, develop ideas for new experimental projects, and discuss the latest developments, insights, changes, and solutions in horticultural science.

We hope that SAIH2022 will provide an excellent platform to present research results, exchange ideas, and share experiences tp help establish further working partnerships and friendships. Depending on the COVID-19 situation, the conference may be changed to a virtual event.

Topics:

  • Plant stress physiology
  • Plant genetics and molecular biology
  • Biological and integrated pest control
  • Plant productivity, new technologies, and sustainability
  • Fruit and vegetable quality, postharvest, and processing

This Special Issue will comprise selected papers from SAIH2022. Conference attendees and their co-authors are encouraged to submit original research and review articles related to the topics covered in SAIH2022.

This Special Issue will comprise selected papers from SAIH2022. Conference attendees and their co-authors are encouraged to submit original research and review articles related to the topics covered in SAIH2022.

Dr. Giedrė Samuolienė
Dr. Neringa Rasiukeviciute
Guest Editors

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All submissions that pass pre-check are peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Plants is an international peer-reviewed open access semimonthly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 2400 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.

Keywords

  • plant stress physiology
  • plant genetics and molecular biology
  • biological and integrated pest control
  • plant productivity and sustainability
  • fruit and vegetable quality

Published Papers (3 papers)

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Research

Article
Habitat Characteristics and Mineral Nutrition Status of Rubus chamaemorus L. in Latvia
Plants 2023, 12(3), 528; https://doi.org/10.3390/plants12030528 - 24 Jan 2023
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Abstract
In Latvia, cloudberries are considered a valuable delicacy and have aroused interest in the possibility of commercial cultivation, as currently, they are collected only in the wild. A complex study was carried out to provide insight into the growth conditions of wild cloudberry [...] Read more.
In Latvia, cloudberries are considered a valuable delicacy and have aroused interest in the possibility of commercial cultivation, as currently, they are collected only in the wild. A complex study was carried out to provide insight into the growth conditions of wild cloudberry in Latvia. The knowledge gained would provide a basis for the development of cloudberry cultivation technologies in the hemiboreal zone. Habitat characteristics, composition of surrounding vegetation, and plant mineral nutrition status were investigated in 18 study sites. Overall, the species composition of cloudberry study sites corresponded to two plant community classes: Cl. Vaccinio-Piceetea and Cl. Oxycocco-Sphagnetea. The most common species were Sphagnum magellanicum, Vaccinium myrtillus, and Oxycoccus palustris. The results clearly indicated acidic peat soils with high organic matter content and low degree of decomposition as being most suitable for cloudberry cultivation. High nutrient uptake capacity was found for wild cloudberry growing in nutrient-poor environments, as most of the leaf nutrients corresponded to the optimal levels determined for different cultivated berries. However, balanced fertilization to ensure successful plant vegetative and root growth would be recommended. The first results on wild cloudberry in Latvia indicated that optimization of P, S, B, and Mo should be the main focus. Full article
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Article
Species-Specific Plant-Derived Nanoparticle Characteristics
Plants 2022, 11(22), 3139; https://doi.org/10.3390/plants11223139 - 16 Nov 2022
Viewed by 623
Abstract
Medicinal and agricultural plants contain numerous phytochemical compounds with pronounced biological effects on human health. They are known to encapsulate most of their characteristic bioactive compounds within membranous elements of intercellular communication known as exosomes. These nanovesicles serve as capsules protecting their biological [...] Read more.
Medicinal and agricultural plants contain numerous phytochemical compounds with pronounced biological effects on human health. They are known to encapsulate most of their characteristic bioactive compounds within membranous elements of intercellular communication known as exosomes. These nanovesicles serve as capsules protecting their biological activity and improving their penetration into the tissue. Therefore, the application of plant exosome preparations holds considerable potential for cosmetics and pharmacy, but the quality and consistency of plant material for exosome isolation is of critical importance. Therefore, in this study, we aimed to evaluate yield, size distribution patterns, and antioxidant properties between nanovesicle preparations of the following portfolio of medicinal plants: Kalanchoe daigremontiana, Artemisia absinthium, Hypericum perforatum, Silybum marianum, Chelidonium majus, and Scutellaria baicalensis. Results showed that nanoparticle yield, size distribution, and antioxidant activities were specific to plant species. Compared to other plants, nanoparticle preparations from Artemisia absinthium were distinguished by remarkably higher yield and concentration, while the highest antioxidant activity of plant-derived nanoparticle preparations per weight and per particle was determined to occur in Chelidonium majus and Hypericum perforatum samples. Results showed no significant correlation in DPPH (2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl) free radical scavenging activity and FRAP (ferric reducing antioxidant power) between plant material and nanoparticle preparations. More detailed biochemical analysis of exosome preparations is necessary to validate their biological activity and its relation to source plant cells. Full article
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Article
Analysis of R Genes Related to Blackcurrant Reversion Virus Resistance in the Comparative Transcriptome of Ribes nigrum cv. Aldoniai
Plants 2022, 11(22), 3137; https://doi.org/10.3390/plants11223137 - 16 Nov 2022
Viewed by 477
Abstract
Blackcurrant reversion virus (BRV) is the most destructive mite-transmitted pathogen in blackcurrants. The understanding of the resistance to BRV is limited, hindering and delaying the selection process. To identify the resistance (R) gene for BRV resistance, a gene expression analysis based [...] Read more.
Blackcurrant reversion virus (BRV) is the most destructive mite-transmitted pathogen in blackcurrants. The understanding of the resistance to BRV is limited, hindering and delaying the selection process. To identify the resistance (R) gene for BRV resistance, a gene expression analysis based on de novo blackcurrant cv. Aldoniai comparative transcriptome analysis (mock- and BRV-inoculated samples at 2 and 4 days post-inoculation (dpi)) was performed. In this study, 111 annotated clusters associated with pathogenesis according to conservative R gene domains were identified. In virus-infected samples, only Cluster-12591.33361 showed significant expression at 4 dpi. The expression profiles of this cluster were significantly associated with the presence of BRV particles in plant tissues, making it a putative R gene in the dominant resistance strategy in the BRV–Ribes nigrum interaction. The newly identified gene R.nigrum_R belongs to the CC-NBS-LRR class and has 63.9% identity with RPM1 in Populus spp. This study provides new insights on dominant putative R genes related to resistance to BRV in R. nigrum, which could aid targeted research and genetic improvement in breeding programs of blackcurrants. Full article
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