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Nutritional Epidemiology of Non-communicable Diseases—Feature Papers

A special issue of Nutrients (ISSN 2072-6643). This special issue belongs to the section "Nutritional Epidemiology".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: 30 November 2024 | Viewed by 1508

Special Issue Editor


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Guest Editor
College of Pharmacy and Nutrition, School of Public Health, University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, SK S7N 2Z4, Canada
Interests: nutritional epidemiology; vitamin D; calcium; national nutrition surveys; osteoporosis; bone health; CVD
Special Issues, Collections and Topics in MDPI journals

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

Nutritional epidemiology is the application of epidemiological methods to the study of how diet is related to health and disease in human populations. Non-communicable diseases (NCDs), also known as chronic diseases, such as heart disease, cancer, chronic respiratory diseases and diabetes, are the leading causes of death worldwide and represent an emerging global health threat. The exposure measure of interest in nutritional epidemiology is usually long-term diet, since the effects of intake on most health outcomes, especially those related to NCDs, are likely to occur over extended periods.

The aim of this Special Issue is to collect feature papers (including original research and review articles) on the nutritional epidemiology of non-communicable diseases. Examining the role of nutritional epidemiology may reduce diet-related deaths from non-communicable diseases, induce dietary changes and create healthy and sustainable diets, preserve human and planetary health, and enable the identification of dietary patterns that meet the recommendations for healthy and sustainable diets.

Prof. Dr. Hassan Vatanparast
Guest Editor

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All submissions that pass pre-check are peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Nutrients is an international peer-reviewed open access semimonthly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 2900 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.

Keywords

  • nutritional epidemiology
  • non-communicable diseases
  • chronic diseases
  • prevention nutrition
  • dietary pattern
  • food consumption
  • sustainable diets

Published Papers (1 paper)

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Research

17 pages, 1269 KiB  
Article
Comparative Analysis of Dietary and Supplemental Intake of Calcium and Vitamin D among Canadian Older Adults with Heart Disease and/or Osteoporosis in 2004 and 2015
by Hassan Vatanparast, Ginny Lane, Naorin Islam, Rashmi Prakash Patil, Mojtaba Shafiee and Susan J. Whiting
Nutrients 2023, 15(24), 5066; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu15245066 - 11 Dec 2023
Viewed by 1224
Abstract
Despite the role of calcium and vitamin D in osteoporosis and heart disease, little research has examined changes in the intake of calcium and vitamin D among individuals with these conditions over time. Using data from the 2004 and 2015 Canadian Community Health [...] Read more.
Despite the role of calcium and vitamin D in osteoporosis and heart disease, little research has examined changes in the intake of calcium and vitamin D among individuals with these conditions over time. Using data from the 2004 and 2015 Canadian Community Health Surveys, we investigated changes in dietary and supplemental intake of calcium and vitamin D among Canadian older adults aged ≥ 50 years, both with and without heart disease and/or osteoporosis, between 2004 and 2015. Notable declines in dietary calcium intake occurred, particularly among non-supplement users. Surprisingly, individuals with osteoporosis and heart disease, who are at higher nutritional risk, were less likely to use calcium supplements in 2015 compared to 2004. Among calcium supplement users, those with osteoporosis or both conditions experienced significant reductions in their usual calcium intake in 2015, with an increased proportion failing to meet recommended intake levels. Conversely, vitamin D supplement users experienced a substantial rise in vitamin D intake in 2015. In 2015, only a small proportion of supplement users did not meet the recommended vitamin D intake levels. These findings underscore the importance of public health initiatives to facilitate safe increases in calcium and vitamin D intake for older adults, particularly those with heart disease and osteoporosis. Full article
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