Special Issue "Advanced Micro/Nano Sensors and Actuators for Disease Diagnosis, Monitoring and Treatment"

A special issue of Micromachines (ISSN 2072-666X). This special issue belongs to the section "E:Engineering and Technology".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: closed (15 January 2022) | Viewed by 1428

Special Issue Editors

Dr. Faezeh Arab Hassani
E-Mail Website
Guest Editor
Department of Electrical & Electronic Engineering, University of Bristol, Bristol BS8 1UB, UK
Interests: micro/nano-electro-mechanical systems (MEMS/NEMS); sensors and actuators; energy harvesters; wearable and implantable biomedical devices
Dr. Dinesh Pamunuwa
E-Mail Website
Guest Editor
Department of Electrical & Electronic Engineering, University of Bristol, Bristol BS8 1UB, UK
Interests: disruptive technologies for next-generation computing platforms; micro- and nanoelectromechanical systems; sensors and actuators; bio-MEMS

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

The growth of the elderly population and development of chronic and degenerative diseases require advanced systems for on-time diagnosis and continuous monitoring, in order to provide the best assistive solutions/treatments to patients. These systems consist of sensors and actuators that directly interact with the body or organs, as wearable and implantable systems or indirectly in contact with soft organs through integration with medical equipment. Therefore, the specifications of sensors and actuators range from soft, thin and stretchable components (e.g., brain, nerve and heart electrodes, and soft actuators) to rigid and low-power components (e.g., micro-/nanoelectromechanical (MEMS/NEMS) sensors and actuators). The application of these systems paves the way towards smart healthcare.

The aim of this Issue is to present the latest developments of system solutions for overcoming unmet clinical needs. Therefore, scientific contributions in the development of sensors and actuators for electronic muscles/skins, body-/organ-assist or monitoring devices, smart diagnostics, monitoring, and surgical equipment, and drug-delivery systems are welcome.

Dr. Faezeh Arab Hassani
Dr. Dinesh Pamunuwa
Guest Editors

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All submissions that pass pre-check are peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Micromachines is an international peer-reviewed open access monthly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 2000 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.

Keywords

  • Implantable and wearable
  • Sensors and actuators
  • Diagnosis, monitoring and treatment applications
  • Smart medical equipment
  • Body-/organ-assist or monitoring devices

Published Papers (2 papers)

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Research

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Article
An Isomorphic Interactive Device for the Interventional Surgical Robot after In Vivo Study
Micromachines 2022, 13(1), 111; https://doi.org/10.3390/mi13010111 - 11 Jan 2022
Cited by 1 | Viewed by 360
Abstract
Interventional surgical robots are widely used in neurosurgery to improve surgeons’ working environment and surgical safety. Based on the actual operational needs of surgeons’ feedback during preliminary in vivo experiments, this paper proposed an isomorphic interactive master controller for the master–slave interventional surgical [...] Read more.
Interventional surgical robots are widely used in neurosurgery to improve surgeons’ working environment and surgical safety. Based on the actual operational needs of surgeons’ feedback during preliminary in vivo experiments, this paper proposed an isomorphic interactive master controller for the master–slave interventional surgical robot. The isomorphic design of the controller allows surgeons to utilize their surgical skills during remote interventional surgeries. The controller uses the catheter and guidewire as the operating handle, the same as during actual surgeries. The collaborative operational structure design and the working methods followed the clinical operational skills. The linear force feedback and torque feedback devices were designed to improve the safety of surgeries under remote operating conditions. An eccentric force compensation was conducted to achieve accurate force feedback. Several experiments were carried out, such as calibration experiments, master–slave control performance evaluation experiments, and operation comparison experiments on the novel and previously used controllers. The experimental results show that the proposed controller can perform complex operations in remote surgery applications and has the potential for further animal experiment evaluations. Full article
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Review

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Review
Advances in Assistive Electronic Device Solutions for Urology
Micromachines 2022, 13(4), 551; https://doi.org/10.3390/mi13040551 - 30 Mar 2022
Viewed by 611
Abstract
Recent technology advances have led urology to become one of the leading specialities to utilise novel electronic systems to manage urological ailments. Contemporary bladder management strategies such as urinary catheters can provide a solution but leave the user mentally and physically debilitated. The [...] Read more.
Recent technology advances have led urology to become one of the leading specialities to utilise novel electronic systems to manage urological ailments. Contemporary bladder management strategies such as urinary catheters can provide a solution but leave the user mentally and physically debilitated. The unique properties of modern electronic devices, i.e., flexibility, stretchability, and biocompatibility, have allowed a plethora of new technologies to emerge. Many novel electronic device solutions in urology have been developed for treating impaired bladder disorders. These disorders include overactive bladder (OAB), underactive bladder (UAB) and other-urinary-affecting disorders (OUAD). This paper reviews common causes and conservative treatment strategies for OAB, UAB and OUAD, discussing the challenges and drawbacks of such treatments. Subsequently, this paper gives insight into clinically approved and research-based electronic advances in urology. Advances in this area cover bladder-stimulation and -monitoring devices, robot-assistive surgery, and bladder and sphincter prosthesis. This study aims to introduce the latest advances in electronic solutions for urology, comparing their advantages and disadvantages, and concluding with open problems for future urological device solutions. Full article
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