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Advances in Assistive Electronic Device Solutions for Urology

Department of Electrical and Electronic Engineering, University of Bristol, 75 Woodland Road, Bristol BS81UB, UK
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Academic Editor: Nam-Trung Nguyen
Micromachines 2022, 13(4), 551; https://doi.org/10.3390/mi13040551
Received: 15 February 2022 / Revised: 25 March 2022 / Accepted: 29 March 2022 / Published: 30 March 2022
Recent technology advances have led urology to become one of the leading specialities to utilise novel electronic systems to manage urological ailments. Contemporary bladder management strategies such as urinary catheters can provide a solution but leave the user mentally and physically debilitated. The unique properties of modern electronic devices, i.e., flexibility, stretchability, and biocompatibility, have allowed a plethora of new technologies to emerge. Many novel electronic device solutions in urology have been developed for treating impaired bladder disorders. These disorders include overactive bladder (OAB), underactive bladder (UAB) and other-urinary-affecting disorders (OUAD). This paper reviews common causes and conservative treatment strategies for OAB, UAB and OUAD, discussing the challenges and drawbacks of such treatments. Subsequently, this paper gives insight into clinically approved and research-based electronic advances in urology. Advances in this area cover bladder-stimulation and -monitoring devices, robot-assistive surgery, and bladder and sphincter prosthesis. This study aims to introduce the latest advances in electronic solutions for urology, comparing their advantages and disadvantages, and concluding with open problems for future urological device solutions. View Full-Text
Keywords: urology; electronic device solutions; robotic surgery; bladder monitoring and stimulation; bladder and sphincter prosthesis; artificial bladder; artificial sphincter; overactive bladder; underactive bladder; other-urinary-affecting disorders urology; electronic device solutions; robotic surgery; bladder monitoring and stimulation; bladder and sphincter prosthesis; artificial bladder; artificial sphincter; overactive bladder; underactive bladder; other-urinary-affecting disorders
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MDPI and ACS Style

Holmes-Martin, K.; Zhu, M.; Xiao, S.; Arab Hassani, F. Advances in Assistive Electronic Device Solutions for Urology. Micromachines 2022, 13, 551. https://doi.org/10.3390/mi13040551

AMA Style

Holmes-Martin K, Zhu M, Xiao S, Arab Hassani F. Advances in Assistive Electronic Device Solutions for Urology. Micromachines. 2022; 13(4):551. https://doi.org/10.3390/mi13040551

Chicago/Turabian Style

Holmes-Martin, Kieran, Minghui Zhu, Shujun Xiao, and Faezeh Arab Hassani. 2022. "Advances in Assistive Electronic Device Solutions for Urology" Micromachines 13, no. 4: 551. https://doi.org/10.3390/mi13040551

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