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New Insights into Dental Implants

A special issue of Materials (ISSN 1996-1944). This special issue belongs to the section "Biomaterials".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: closed (20 November 2023) | Viewed by 1609

Special Issue Editor

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

Implant dentistry continues to offer valuable opportunities to identify innovative research ideas that help us to better understand the healing processes and improve our clinical treatments. The present Special Issue aims to collect articles that deal with new surfaces, creative implant conformations, and original abutment/implant units, aiming to improve hard and soft tissue healing. I hope that submitting your novelties in the fields indicated above to the present Special Issue will be of interest to you.

Kind regards,

Dr. Daniele Botticelli
Guest Editor

Manuscript Submission Information

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Published Papers (1 paper)

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Research

14 pages, 59241 KiB  
Article
Contribution to Bone Formation of the Schneiderian Membrane after Sinus Augmentation: A Histological Study in Rabbits
by Su Tien Lim, Kaoru Kusano, Tomohide Taniyama, Shigeru Sakuma, Yasushi Nakajima, Samuel Porfirio Xavier and Shunsuke Baba
Materials 2022, 15(22), 8077; https://doi.org/10.3390/ma15228077 - 15 Nov 2022
Cited by 2 | Viewed by 1164
Abstract
Aim: to evaluate bone formation in close contact with the sinus mucosa after different periods from sinus augmentation and the influence on healing of the presence of an inward dis-placed bone window. Material and Methods: Eighteen rabbits were included in the experiment. A [...] Read more.
Aim: to evaluate bone formation in close contact with the sinus mucosa after different periods from sinus augmentation and the influence on healing of the presence of an inward dis-placed bone window. Material and Methods: Eighteen rabbits were included in the experiment. A trap-door technique was applied at the test sites, and the bony window was elevated inward (inward window; IW) together with the sinus mucosa. At the control sites, the bony window was removed before the elevation of the sinus mucosa. The elevated space was filled with deproteinized bovine bone mineral (DBBM) and both access windows were covered with a collagen membrane. Histometric measurements were performed subjacent the sinus mucosa after 2, 4, and 8 weeks of healing. Results: Very few sinuses presented small percentages of new bone in close contact with the sinus mucosa in the various period examined. The presence of bone in the neighbor areas might have influenced bone formation close to the sinus mucosa. The inward displaced bone window supported bone formation close to the sinus mucosa only in the earliest period of healing, while the bone walls increased their influence over time. The lack of increased new bone percentage over time in the most central regions of the elevated sinus mucosa do not support the hypothesis that the sinus mucosa may express its potential in bone formation. It can be speculated that the new bone found in the intermediate and middle regions of the control sites in the earliest period of healing might be due to residual of bone from the osteotomy. Conclusions: Very small amounts of new bone were found subjacent to the sinus mucosa, mostly formed from the bone walls, the inward displaced bone window or from possible bone residues from the osteotomy procedures. The lack of increased new bone percentage over time in the most central regions of the elevated sinus mucosa indicates that the contribution to bone formation provided by the sinus mucosa is limited. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue New Insights into Dental Implants)
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