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Additive and Subtractive Manufacturing of Advanced Materials: Applications, Future Trends and Perspectives of Industry 4.0 (Volume II)

A special issue of Materials (ISSN 1996-1944). This special issue belongs to the section "Manufacturing Processes and Systems".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: closed (29 February 2024) | Viewed by 2299

Special Issue Editors


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Guest Editor
Department of Automated Mechanical Engineering, South Ural State University, 454080 Chelyabinsk, Russia
Interests: metal cutting and cutting tools; increasing the efficiency of face milling operations by considering tool wear aspects; effect of tool wear and cutting parameters on tool life, cutting forces, the roughness of machined surfaces, and physical and mechanical processes in cutting materials; application of dynamometers, accelerometers, and power sensors for machining processes; artificial intelligence; mathematical modeling in machining processes; optimization of computer numerical control (CNC) and conventional machining processes
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Guest Editor
Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Opole University of Technology, Opole, Poland
Interests: sustainability; green manufacturing; life cycle assessment; metal cutting; additive manufacturing metal casting; optimization; artificial intelligence; cooling–lubrication in machining; tribology; heat treatment; effect of tool wear and cutting parameters on tool life; cutting forces; roughness of machined surfaces; physical and mechanical processes in cutting materials; application of additive manufacturing in different area; wear behavior; artificial intelligence; optimization of process parameters
Special Issues, Collections and Topics in MDPI journals

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Guest Editor
Department of Production Engineering, Bydgoszcz University of Science and Technology, 85-796 Bydgoszcz, Poland
Interests: machining processes, cutting tools, and robotics; investigation of machining processes in the field of orthogonal and oblique cutting, especially the phenomena that affect surface quality and tool life using image recognition; research in the field of new solutions of cutting tools for oblique cutting, with reduced edge volume, reconfigurable tools, and mechatronic tools controlled by stepper motor abrasive machining; controlling the oscillatory superfinishing process for increased machining efficiency and accuracy; robotics, including intelligent machining using a robot equipped with special tools and vision sensors to recognize the shape of the surface and surface condition testing systems; teaching tasks to mobile robots; innovative, patented walking robots with extremally low DOF numbers (3, 4); application of mechatronics in manufacturing and robotics with own software; application of artificial intelligence and optimization of manufacturing processes
Special Issues, Collections and Topics in MDPI journals

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

We are pleased to announce the launch of a new Special Issue on “Additive and Subtractive Manufacturing of Advanced Materials: Applications, Future Trends and Perspectives of Industry 4.0” in Materials. Original research papers, short communications, and state-of-the-art reviews that are within the scope of this Special Issue are invited.

Industry 4.0 is the current trend of automation and data exchange in manufacturing technologies. It includes the involvement of new and existing manufacturing processes, which will be helpful in the next industrial revolution. This Special Issue deals with the additive and subtractive manufacturing of metals, alloys, composites, polymers, etc. for biomedical, structural, aerospace, and different applications. This includes additive manufacturing (selective laser melting, laser metal deposition, detonation spraying, fused deposition modeling, etc.), as well as methods of subtractive manufacturing (removing materials), using various types of machining (turning, milling, drilling, grinding, etc.). In other words, some of the topics of interest that will be summarized in this Special Issue are the characteristics, principles, technological levels, applications, advantages, and limitations related to Industry 4.0. This Special Issue will include articles with both standard research approaches and Industry 4.0 applications (e.g., artificial intelligence and machine learning).

There are two methods of production, traditional subtractive manufacturing and additive manufacturing, which are in continuous dynamic development. These methods both have their advantages and disadvantages. The subject of the research includes both the features of these processes and the possibility of their coexistence in one process. Additive manufacturing is available for a wide range of materials and opens up the possibility of ready-made production of whole pieces. Additive manufacturing enables the design and production of optimal detailed structures with a low mass, at the same time perfectly preserving the properties of the surface layer. In addition, subtractive manufacturing supports additive manufacturing in the area of ​​surface calibration of the surface layer. This interaction of these different manufacturing techniques opens up new opportunities. Manufacturing processes in both subtractive and additive manufacturing are based on CAD models, which are the source code for developing manufacturing procedures from the outside of subtractive manufacturing and from the center of additive manufacturing. However, surfaces created in the additive manufacturing process often need to be supplemented in the subtractive manufacturing process. Therefore, the material behavior in terms of tribological, physical, and mechanical properties, machining, surface integrity, surface quality, cost manufacturing, post-processing methods, and precision manufacturing will be examined in detail.

Dr. Danil Yurievich Pimenov
Dr. Munish Kumar Gupta
Dr. Tadeusz Mikolajczyk
Guest Editors

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All submissions that pass pre-check are peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Materials is an international peer-reviewed open access semimonthly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 2600 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.

Keywords

  • Industry 4.0
  • artificial intelligence
  • additive manufacturing
  • advanced materials (metals, alloys, composites, polymers, etc.)
  • tribological behavior
  • machining
  • structural applications
  • post processing methods
  • surface integrity
  • precision manufacturing
  • modelling and simulation

Published Papers (2 papers)

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Research

20 pages, 11550 KiB  
Article
Electro-Mechanical Characterisation and Damage Monitoring by Acoustic Emission of 3D-Printed CB/PLA
by Laurane Roumy, Thuy-Quynh Truong-Hoang, Fabienne Touchard, Colin Robert and Francisca Martinez-Hergueta
Materials 2024, 17(5), 1047; https://doi.org/10.3390/ma17051047 - 24 Feb 2024
Viewed by 508
Abstract
Even though the influence of the printing direction on the mechanical properties of 3D-printed samples by fused filament fabrication is established in the literature, very little is known about mechanical and electrical coupling. In this study, electrically conductive polylactic acid filled with carbon [...] Read more.
Even though the influence of the printing direction on the mechanical properties of 3D-printed samples by fused filament fabrication is established in the literature, very little is known about mechanical and electrical coupling. In this study, electrically conductive polylactic acid filled with carbon black particles undergoes monotonic and repeated progressive tensile loading to better understand the influence of the printing direction on the electro-mechanical properties of three-dimensional-printed samples. The objective is to analyse the electro-mechanical behaviour of this composite for its potential application as an actuator. The classical laminate theory is also applied to evaluate the relevance of this theory in predicting the mechanical characteristics of this material. In addition, a comprehensive damage analysis is performed using acoustic emission, infrared thermography, scanning electron microscopy, and X-ray microcomputed tomography imaging. Results show that the degradation of the mechanical and electrical properties is highly influenced by the printing direction. The appearance and development of crazes in 0° filaments are highlighted and quantified. The conclusions drawn by this study underline the interest in using longitudinal and unidirectional printing directions to improve the conductive path within the samples. Furthermore, the evolution of the resistance throughout the experiments emphasizes the need to control the implemented voltage in the design of future electro-thermally triggered actuators. Full article
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18 pages, 5234 KiB  
Article
Investigations for Material Tracing in Selective Laser Sintering: Part ΙΙ: Validation of Modified Polymers as Marking Agents
by Tom Eggers, Frank von Lacroix, Martin Friedrich Goede, Christoph Persch, Werner Berlin and Klaus Dröder
Materials 2023, 16(7), 2631; https://doi.org/10.3390/ma16072631 - 26 Mar 2023
Cited by 1 | Viewed by 1275
Abstract
Selective laser sintering (SLS) is currently in transition to the production of functional components. However, the ability to apply it is confronted with new requirements for reliability and reproducibility. Therefore, an in-depth understanding of aging processes in polymers is essential. Regarding material traceability [...] Read more.
Selective laser sintering (SLS) is currently in transition to the production of functional components. However, the ability to apply it is confronted with new requirements for reliability and reproducibility. Therefore, an in-depth understanding of aging processes in polymers is essential. Regarding material traceability as well as defective component identification with subsequent cause tracing, the application of a material-inherent marking technology represents a solution. SLS in combination with modified polymers as a marking technology proves to be an efficient opportunity to produce reproducible and high-quality components due to an increased understanding of the process. Based on a selection of modified polymers for use in SLS, which were characterized in part I of the study, this work focuses on the experimental validation of the result. The influence of modified polymers on materials and component properties and the SLS process’s influence on the traceability of modified polymers are examined. Intrinsic and extrinsic material properties as well as mechanical properties, surface quality and sinter density are analyzed. No discernible influences of the modified polymers on the investigated properties could be observed and the traceability of the modified polymers could also be confirmed in the aged powder and component using mass spectroscopy. Full article
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