Special Issue "Marine Sediments: Processes, Transport and Environmental Aspects"

Special Issue Editors

Guest Editor
Prof. Dr. Marcello Di Risio

University of L'Aquila - Department of Civil, Construction-Architectural and Environmental Engineering Department (DICEAA), Environmental and Maritime Hydraulic Laboratory (LIam), Monteluco di Roio, L'Aquila, Italy
Website | E-Mail
Phone: +39 0862 43 ext.4534
Fax: +39 0862 43 ext.4548
Interests: coastal engineering; ocean engineering; environmental engineering; water waves hydraulics; physical modelling
Guest Editor
Prof. Dr. Donald F. Hayes

Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering and Construction, University of Nevada, Las Vegas, NV, USA
Website | E-Mail
Phone: 702-895-4723
Interests: environmental engineering; costal engineering; contaminated sediment management; environmental dredging; beneficial use of sediments; water resource system optimization; computer modeling
Guest Editor
Dr. Davide Pasquali

University of L'Aquila; Department of Civil, Construction-Architectural, and Environmental Engineering Department (DICEAA); Environmental and Maritime Hydraulic Laboratory (LIAM), P.le Pontieri, 1 67100 Monteluco di Roio, L'Aquila, Italy
Website | E-Mail
Phone: +39 0862 43 ext.4550
Interests: storm surge forecasting; coastal engineering; ocean engineering; environmental engineering; water waves hydraulics; physical modelling

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

In recent years, increasing attention has been paid to water quality and environmental aspects related to sediment transport driven by both ambient forcing and human activities. Indeed, estuarine, coastal, and harbor areas often undergo operations to nourish beaches, to maintain navigation channels, to remove contaminated sediment, and so forth. Hence, much research is needed related to the sediment processes, transport, and related environmental aspects of marine sediments. The aim of this Special Issue is to collect novel research results in this field.

Authors are invited to submit papers dealing with topics including but not limited to the following:

  • marine sediment processes, transport, and environmental aspects related to dredging operations
  • coastal sediments transport
  • harbor siltation
  • sustainable coastal defence systems
  • contaminated sediment management

Research based on field observation, numerical and experimental modelling, and theoretical models is expected to be part of the Special Issue. Also, methodological approaches, comprehensive reviews, and best practices on  national and international scales are welcome.

Prof. Dr. Marcello Di Risio
Prof. Dr. Donald F. Hayes
Dr. Davide Pasquali
Guest Editors

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All papers will be peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Journal of Marine Science and Engineering is an international peer-reviewed open access monthly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 1200 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.

Keywords

  • marine sediment
  • contaminated sediment management
  • coastal sediment transport
  • harbor siltation
  • dredging
  • water quality
  • coastal engineering
  • coastal defence system
  • mathematical modelling
  • engineering practice

Published Papers (3 papers)

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Research

Open AccessFeature PaperArticle
Geomorphology of a Holocene Hurricane Deposit Eroded from Rhyolite Sea Cliffs on Ensenada Almeja (Baja California Sur, Mexico)
J. Mar. Sci. Eng. 2019, 7(6), 193; https://doi.org/10.3390/jmse7060193
Received: 22 May 2019 / Revised: 19 June 2019 / Accepted: 20 June 2019 / Published: 22 June 2019
PDF Full-text (4709 KB) | HTML Full-text | XML Full-text | Supplementary Files
Abstract
This work advances research on the role of hurricanes in degrading the rocky coastline within Mexico’s Gulf of California, most commonly formed by widespread igneous rocks. Under evaluation is a distinct coastal boulder bed (CBB) derived from banded rhyolite with boulders arrayed in [...] Read more.
This work advances research on the role of hurricanes in degrading the rocky coastline within Mexico’s Gulf of California, most commonly formed by widespread igneous rocks. Under evaluation is a distinct coastal boulder bed (CBB) derived from banded rhyolite with boulders arrayed in a partial-ring configuration against one side of the headland on Ensenada Almeja (Clam Bay) north of Loreto. Preconditions related to the thickness of rhyolite flows and vertical fissures that intersect the flows at right angles along with the specific gravity of banded rhyolite delimit the size, shape and weight of boulders in the Almeja CBB. Mathematical formulae are applied to calculate the wave height generated by storm surge impacting the headland. The average weight of the 25 largest boulders from a transect nearest the bedrock source amounts to 1200 kg but only 30% of the sample is estimated to exceed a full metric ton in weight. The wave height calculated to move those boulders is close to 8 m. Additional localities with CBBs composed of layered rock types such as basalt and andesite are proposed for future studies within the Gulf of California. Comparisons with selected CBBs in other parts of the world are made. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Marine Sediments: Processes, Transport and Environmental Aspects)
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Open AccessArticle
Mathematical Modeling Framework of Physical Effects Induced by Sediments Handling Operations in Marine and Coastal Areas
J. Mar. Sci. Eng. 2019, 7(5), 149; https://doi.org/10.3390/jmse7050149
Received: 27 March 2019 / Revised: 9 May 2019 / Accepted: 10 May 2019 / Published: 15 May 2019
PDF Full-text (3967 KB) | HTML Full-text | XML Full-text
Abstract
In recent years increasing attention has been paid to environmental effects that may result from marine dredging and disposal operations. In general, the fine-grained fraction of handled sediments can be dispersed far from the intervention site as a turbidity plume, depending on the [...] Read more.
In recent years increasing attention has been paid to environmental effects that may result from marine dredging and disposal operations. In general, the fine-grained fraction of handled sediments can be dispersed far from the intervention site as a turbidity plume, depending on the specific site and operational parameters. Starting from a literature review, this paper suggests standards for estimating and characterizing the sediment source term, for setting up far-field modeling studies and analyzing numerical results, with the aim of optimizing, also from an economic point of view, the different project, execution and monitoring phases. The paper proposes an integrated modeling approach for simulating sediment dispersion due to sediment handling operations in different marine-coastal areas (off-shore, near-shore and semi-enclosed basins). Attention is paid to the characterization of sediment source terms due to different operational phases (removal, transport and disposal). The paper also deals with the definition of accuracy level of modeling activities, with regard to the main physical processes characterizing the different marine–coastal areas and to the type of environmental critical issues near the intervention site (if any). The main relationships between modeling and monitoring are given for the different design and management phases to support the selection of appropriate technical alternatives and monitoring actions and to ensure the environmental compliance of the proposed interventions. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Marine Sediments: Processes, Transport and Environmental Aspects)
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Open AccessArticle
Influence of Underwater Bar Location on Cross-Shore Sediment Transport in the Coastal Zone
J. Mar. Sci. Eng. 2019, 7(3), 55; https://doi.org/10.3390/jmse7030055
Received: 31 December 2018 / Revised: 19 February 2019 / Accepted: 21 February 2019 / Published: 26 February 2019
PDF Full-text (3168 KB) | HTML Full-text | XML Full-text
Abstract
The effect of the underwater bar position on a sandy beach profile was studied on a timescale of one storm, using the XBeach numerical model. The largest shoreline regress occurred in the first hour of storm. For the chosen wave regime an underwater [...] Read more.
The effect of the underwater bar position on a sandy beach profile was studied on a timescale of one storm, using the XBeach numerical model. The largest shoreline regress occurred in the first hour of storm. For the chosen wave regime an underwater profile close to the theoretical Dean’s equilibrium profile is formed after 6 h. The position of the underwater bar affects the shoreline retreat rate. The lowest shore retreat occurs when the bar crest is located at a distance equal to 0.70–0.82 of the deep-water wavelength, corresponding to the period of the wave spectrum peak. The maximal shoreline retreat occurs when the bar is located at a distance that is close to a half wavelength. The shoreline recession depends on the heights of low-frequency waves. The smaller the mean wave period and the higher low-frequency waves’ height near the coast, the smaller the retreat of the shoreline. The distance of seaward sediment transfer is directly proportional to the significant wave height near shore. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Marine Sediments: Processes, Transport and Environmental Aspects)
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Planned Papers

The below list represents only planned manuscripts. Some of these manuscripts have not been received by the Editorial Office yet. Papers submitted to MDPI journals are subject to peer-review.

Title: The Italian Guidelines for the mathematical modeling of physical impacts induced by marine sediments handling operations
Author: Iolanda Lisi, Alessandra Feola, Antonello Bruschi, Andrea Pedroncini, Davide Pasquali and Marcello Di Risio
Abstract: In recent years increasing attention has been paid to environmental effects that may result during marine dredging and disposal operations.
In general, the fine-grained fraction of either dredged or disposed sediments is dispersed in the water column, and eventually advected, far from the intervention site as a plume. Suspended Sediment Concentration and deposition patterns can strongly differ, in time and space, depending on the feature of the specific site (i.e. sea state and morphological features, soil characteristics, water depth) and on the operational parameters (i.e. hydraulic and mechanical dredges, phases and duration of dredging project). This paper aims to illustrate the new Italian Guidelines that, starting from a literature review, propose standards of application of mathematical modeling as a supporting tool for planning, management and monitoring of dredging and disposal operations in different marine-coastal areas (semi-enclosed basins, near-shore and off-shore areas). In particular, the Guidelines propose standards for setting up modelling studies in the framework of an Integrated Modeling Approach, starting from the estimate of source terms for far field modeling, for each of the operational phases of sediment handling operations (removal, transport and disposal), and arriving to describe principles for results analysis. The Guidelines highlight the relationships between modeling and monitoring in the different phases of sediment handling operations. The modelling activity aims to optimize, also from an economic point of view, the different project phases and monitoring of the interventions. This activity can be developed with different levels of details to reach a specific assessment of physical effects related to dredging and sediment disposal. Hence, the paper deals with the definition of accuracy levels of models related to the presence of environmentally sensitive critical issues (e.g. most significant expected impacts, ecological receptors, environmental constraints).
Keywords: Marine sediments; Mathematical modelling; Dredging; Environmental Impacts

J. Mar. Sci. Eng. EISSN 2077-1312 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
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