Special Issue "The Role of Infrastructures in the Smart City"

A special issue of Infrastructures (ISSN 2412-3811).

Deadline for manuscript submissions: closed (30 June 2018)

Special Issue Editor

Guest Editor
Prof. Dr. Isam Shahrour

1. Civil and Geo-Environmental Laboratory, Lille University, France
2. School of Civil Engineering, Tongji University, China
Website | E-Mail
Interests: urban infrastructures; water; energy; smart city; smart grid; smart buildings; smart services

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

This Special Issue focuses on the crucial role of urban infrastructures in Smart City projects. The Smart City concept has achieved world-wide success in both developed and emerging countries with promise being shown in developing countries. The success of this concept results from combining innovation in digital technology, engineering and social sciences to establish inclusive systems for the optimal and safe management of urban systems in consideration of economic, social and environmental challenges.

The Smart City concept aims at transforming the City into an eco- and socio friendly City that offers a high quality of life for citizens and enhances their involvement in the development of a smart and resilient city. Considering the crucial role of urban infrastructures in the quality of urban services as well as their complexity, vulnerability and high cost, any Smart City project should be based on the transformation of urban infrastructures into “Smart Infrastructures”. This transformation requires specific developments such as (i) digital modelling of infrastructures using different technologies such as GIS, BIM and Civil3D; (ii) smart monitoring of urban infrastructures and associated systems and services; (iii) use of advanced communication technology to guarantee the safety and integrity of data transmission; (iv) development of advanced data analysis and learning machine tools for data processing as well as a deep understanding of the complex urban systems and their interaction; (v) development and use of advanced graphic tools such as Augmented Reality for data visualization and sharing; (v) development of integrated platforms for the management of smart infrastructures.

The Special Issue aims at publishing high-quality papers related to the development and implementation of tools and technology in any issue related to Smart Urban Infrastructures. Papers will be reviewed by international experts and then widely disseminated by the journal.

Prof. Isam Shahrour
Guest Editor

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All papers will be peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Infrastructures is an international peer-reviewed open access quarterly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) is waived for well-prepared manuscripts submitted to this issue. Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.

Keywords

  • Smart City
  • Smart Grid
  • Digital modelling
  • Sensors
  • Artificial intelligence
  • Urban infrastructures
  • Sustainability
  • information system

Published Papers (4 papers)

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Research

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Open AccessArticle Integration of Thermoactive Metro Stations in a Smart Energy System: Feedbacks from the Grand Paris Project
Infrastructures 2018, 3(4), 56; https://doi.org/10.3390/infrastructures3040056
Received: 30 September 2018 / Revised: 20 November 2018 / Accepted: 3 December 2018 / Published: 10 December 2018
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Abstract
During the next 15 years, around 200 km of tunnels and 68 new metro stations will be built around Paris to increase the capacity of the existing metro and the transport efficiency. The Société du Grand Paris—the public entity in charge of the [...] Read more.
During the next 15 years, around 200 km of tunnels and 68 new metro stations will be built around Paris to increase the capacity of the existing metro and the transport efficiency. The Société du Grand Paris—the public entity in charge of the design and the execution of this new network—is also highly concerned by the development and the use of renewable energy within this project, especially the integration of thermoactive metro stations in a smart energy system. This paper discusses some issues related to this strategy within the “Grand Paris Project”. The first part presents how smart technology could help to the integration of thermoactive metro stations into the urban energy system, while the second part addresses the following issues: assessment of the geothermal potential, estimate of the energy demand, ground investigations, thermal design, and finally system monitoring. The mechanical design is not considered in this paper. The paper shows the pertinence of the smart energy system for the integration of the thermoactive metro stations energy and the procedure for its implementation. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue The Role of Infrastructures in the Smart City)
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Open AccessFeature PaperArticle Smart Libraries
Infrastructures 2018, 3(4), 43; https://doi.org/10.3390/infrastructures3040043
Received: 6 July 2018 / Revised: 19 September 2018 / Accepted: 27 September 2018 / Published: 29 September 2018
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Abstract
Can the smart city provide a new perspective for public and academic libraries? How does the smart city impact the libraries as cultural and scientific assets? And how can libraries contribute to the development of the smart city? An overview of recent library [...] Read more.
Can the smart city provide a new perspective for public and academic libraries? How does the smart city impact the libraries as cultural and scientific assets? And how can libraries contribute to the development of the smart city? An overview of recent library models, like the learning center or the green library, reveals affinities with the concept of the smart city, especially regarding the central role of information and the integration of technology, people, and institutions. From this observation, the paper develops the outline of a new concept of the smart library, which can be described in four dimensions, i.e., smart services, smart people, smart place, and smart governance. However, the smart library concept does not constitute a unique model or project, but a process, a way of how to get things done, that is less linear, less structured, and more creative and innovative. Also, smartness may not be a solution for all library problems. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue The Role of Infrastructures in the Smart City)
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Open AccessArticle A Coupled CFD–DEM Simulation of Slurry Infiltration and Filter Cake Formation during Slurry Shield Tunneling
Infrastructures 2018, 3(2), 15; https://doi.org/10.3390/infrastructures3020015
Received: 22 May 2018 / Revised: 12 June 2018 / Accepted: 13 June 2018 / Published: 15 June 2018
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Abstract
Tunneling in highly permeable ground using a slurry shield machine can be challenging because it is difficult to form the so-called filter cake on the tunnel face to transport the support pressure. Consequently, destructive accidents might happen, such as face instability and water [...] Read more.
Tunneling in highly permeable ground using a slurry shield machine can be challenging because it is difficult to form the so-called filter cake on the tunnel face to transport the support pressure. Consequently, destructive accidents might happen, such as face instability and water inrush. How to form an efficient filter cake in time is crucial during engineering practice, especially in ground with high permeability. Various theoretical and experimental analyses regarding the formation of filter cakes have been conducted. However, due to the complexity of this problem, which has to incorporate the mechanical and hydraulic behaviors of the fluid–solid mixture system, few numerical simulations are found in the literature. In this paper, with the aid of a newly developed numerical tool, a coupled CFD (computational fluid dynamics)–DEM (discrete element method) simulation is established to study the slurry infiltration and filter cake formation during slurry shield tunneling. The slurry infiltration process is simulated by modelling the scheme of the infiltration column test, in which sedimentation behaviors of slurry particles are captured and compared with experimental results. The results show that the sedimentation behaviors of the slurry particles and filter cake formation phenomenon are well captured by simulations and in accordance with the experiments, which indicates the robustness of the coupled CFD–DEM simulation used in present work. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue The Role of Infrastructures in the Smart City)
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Review

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Open AccessReview Challenges and Opportunities of Crowdsourcing and Participatory Planning in Developing Infrastructure Systems of Smart Cities
Infrastructures 2018, 3(4), 51; https://doi.org/10.3390/infrastructures3040051
Received: 12 October 2018 / Revised: 3 November 2018 / Accepted: 10 November 2018 / Published: 14 November 2018
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Abstract
The concept of Smart City aims to provide its citizens with infrastructure systems that make cities safer and more livable. One of the methods for doing so is collecting data from the crowd itself—termed crowdsourcing—and incorporating their ideas to improve the existing facilities, [...] Read more.
The concept of Smart City aims to provide its citizens with infrastructure systems that make cities safer and more livable. One of the methods for doing so is collecting data from the crowd itself—termed crowdsourcing—and incorporating their ideas to improve the existing facilities, as well as build new ones to cater to their arising needs. This paper aims to inspect the attributes that govern crowdsourcing, evaluating its feasibility in attaining solutions in the present scenario. A systemic review of the existing literature on crowdsourcing platforms was conducted and major findings have been summarized adequately. The areas of environment, disaster management, public safety, innovation, transportation and health have been explored in connection to the existing crowdsourcing platforms and selected examples have been mentioned. Next, the attributes that affect crowdsourcing have been discussed in detail under three broad categories: (1) human characteristics; (2) data characteristics and (3) system characteristics. In the end, some recommendations for improvement in the implementation of the crowdsourcing platforms have been proposed for their enhanced applicability and effectiveness. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue The Role of Infrastructures in the Smart City)
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