Special Issue "Emergence of Tick-Borne Diseases Resulting from Human Landscape Change"
A special issue of International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health (ISSN 1660-4601). This special issue belongs to the section "Environmental Health".
Deadline for manuscript submissions: closed (28 February 2018).
Interests: molecular genetics; mosquitoes; ticks; medical entomology; vector biology
In recent decades, tick-borne diseases (TBDs) have emerged and expanded at a global scale. For instance, the average number of reported Lyme disease cases has more than tripled from 1995 to 2015 with approximately 40,000 cases officially reported each year in the United States alone. Even these numbers are thought to be grossly underreported, with estimates of up to 300,000 cases of Lyme disease occurring in the United States each year. Likewise, the number of reported cases of anaplasmosis, ehrlichiosis, and spotted fever group rickettsiosis have steadily increased from 2000 to the present day. The upsurge of TBDs is due in part to the expanding range of tick vectors, reservoir hosts, and pathogens, and to an array of environmental pressures. Humans have undeniably had an impact on the global environment, especially in the context of landscape change, which includes changes in land use or land cover, habitat fragmentation, and change in host communities due to these factors. This changing ecology has altered the way vertebrate hosts and ticks utilize the environment and interact, which in turn influences the spatial and temporal distribution and dynamics of tick-borne pathogens. Together, these changes have increased the risk of humans to tick-borne pathogens. Although a growing literature on this topic exists, there are still significant knowledge gaps, both at the level of basic biology and at the applied level of how to mitigate this risk.
Due to the increased global risk of tick-borne infections, this special issue will focus on the impact of human-induced landscape change on the emergence and expansion of tick-borne diseases. Key topics addressed in this issue include but are not restricted to: (1) links between biodiversity and TBDs risk; (2) mechanisms of tick population expansion and dispersal; and (3) habitat fragmentation and/or use of greenspace. Filling these knowledge gaps will provide general insights into the drivers and dynamics of TBD emergence and will ultimately inform control. This Special Issue will be inclusive of all tick-borne pathogens while targeting as diverse a representation of ecological change as possible.
Prof. Dr. Douglas E. Norris
Dr. Giovanna Carpi
Manuscript Submission Information
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- tick-borne disease