Special Issue "Psychological Factors and Their Effect on the Health, Well-Being and Performance of Athletes"

A special issue of International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health (ISSN 1660-4601). This special issue belongs to the section "Sport and Health".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: 30 November 2021.

Special Issue Editors

Prof. Dr. Manuel Gómez-López
E-Mail Website
Guest Editor
Department of Physical Activity and Sport, Faculty of Sports Science, University of Murcia, Human Performance and Sports Science Lab - Santiago de la Ribera, 30720 Murcia, Spain
Interests: sport psychology; physical education; motivation; sports; team sports; handball; performance; Perfectionism; anxiety and stress; fear of failure; adherence to sport; perceived barriers; resilience
Special Issues and Collections in MDPI journals
Prof. Dr. Carlos Marques da Silva
E-Mail Website
Guest Editor
CIEQV-Life Quality Research Centre, Escola Superior de Desporto de Rio Maior-IPSANTAREM, Avenida Dr. Mário Soares, 20413 RIO Maior, Portugal
Interests: sport psychology; sport performance; mental training

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

Regular sports practice has a positive influence on the physical, mental, and psychological health of athletes at different levels and in a variety of contexts.  Sports performance depends not only on the physical qualities of athletes but also on psychological variables. In a competitive context, knowledge and manipulation of psychological variables such as attention, self-confidence, stress control, anxiety, motivation, cohesion, self-control, or emotional self-regulation, moods, and interpersonal skills can influence the performance and health of an athlete.

Even playing sports can generate feelings of fear of failure and the emergence of feelings of shame, creating a degree of insecurity, anxiety, or stress and avoidance behaviour in athletes, which can affect wellbeing, interpersonal behaviour, and sporting performance.

On the other hand, the outbreak of the COVID-19 pandemic has required the implementation of governamental restrictions, such as quarantine, to contain the spread of the virus. These restrictions may have caused additional fears and stress among athletes, since they were not able to train regularly and properly maintain their physical condition.  In addition, competitive sport is a means of socialising, which has an impact on player training, the promotion of a balanced sporting context, and the intention to continue practising the sport. Therefore, the physical and psychological wellbeing of athletes depends mainly on the social environments in which the sport is practised, that is, related to the significant agents in the environment, which social isolation due to the pandemic restrictions may have impaired.  

This Special Issue aims to bring together the latest research on these psychological factors that influence sports performance, physical, mental, and psychological health of athletes’ wellbeing and adherence to sport.

Prof. Dr. Manuel Gómez-López
Prof. Dr. Antonino Bianco
Prof. Dr. Carlos Marques da Silva
Guest Editors

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All papers will be peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health is an international peer-reviewed open access semimonthly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 2300 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.

Keywords

  • psychological well-being
  • sports performance
  • fear of failure
  • stress and anxiety
  • burn out
  • depression
  • fear of COVID-19
  • perfectionism
  • motivation
  • cognitive functions
  • social isolation
  • self-esteem and body image
  • aggressiveness and anger

Published Papers (2 papers)

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Research

Article
Personality Determinants of Success in Men’s Sports in the Light of the Big Five
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(12), 6297; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18126297 - 10 Jun 2021
Viewed by 419
Abstract
The aim of the study is to describe personality profiles and determinants of success in sports in relation to the Big Five Personality Model. In order to achieve this aim, personality profiles of players from various sports disciplines was set against the personality [...] Read more.
The aim of the study is to describe personality profiles and determinants of success in sports in relation to the Big Five Personality Model. In order to achieve this aim, personality profiles of players from various sports disciplines was set against the personality profile of champions—players who are considerably successful in sports competitions. Subsequently, an attempt was made to determine which personality traits significantly determine belonging to the group of champions—and therefore determine success in sport. The participants were men aged between 20 and 29 from the Polish population of sportsmen. A total of 1260 athletes were tested, out of whom 118 were qualified to the champions sample—those athletes had significant sports achievements. The research used the NEO-FFI Personality Questionnaire. Basic descriptive statistics, a series of Student’s t-tests for independent samples using the bootstrapping method, as well as a logistic regression model were performed. In relation to other athletes, champions were characterized by a lower level of neuroticism and a higher level of extraversion, openness to experience, agreeableness, and conscientiousness. An important personality determinant was neuroticism: the lower the level of neuroticism, the greater the probability of an athlete being classified as a champion. There are differences between champions and other athletes in all personality dimensions in terms of the Big Five. Based on the result of the research, it can be stated that personality differences should be seen as a consequence of athletes’ success, rather than as a reason for athletes’ success, based on their age between 20 and 29. Full article
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Article
Sleep Quality in Chilean Professional Soccer Players
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(11), 5866; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18115866 - 29 May 2021
Viewed by 700
Abstract
Recent research has shown that good sleep quality has a positive effect on physical performance. However, sleep quality in Chilean professional soccer players is unknown. The purpose of this study was to determine sleep quality in Chilean professional soccer players. It was a [...] Read more.
Recent research has shown that good sleep quality has a positive effect on physical performance. However, sleep quality in Chilean professional soccer players is unknown. The purpose of this study was to determine sleep quality in Chilean professional soccer players. It was a cross-sectional, explanatory study with observable variables. The sample consisted of 94 Chilean male soccer players belonging to four professional clubs. The main variable was the Sleep Quality Index, evaluated through the Pittsburgh questionnaire (Spanish version). After estimating sleep quality individually, the four professional soccer clubs’ comparison was performed through a one-factor ANOVA. The Pearson test was used to relate the questionnaire variables; the significance level was p < 0.05. In the global analysis of the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index, a value of 4.75 ± 2.29 on a scale of 0–21 was observed, with no significant differences between the clubs evaluated (p > 0.05). Based on the results obtained, Chilean male professional soccer players present good sleep quality. However, the high values of “sleep latency” and “sleep disturbances” are indicators that should be worked on by the multidisciplinary team of each professional club. They should develop strategies to improve sleep hygiene, encourage good sleep, and fall asleep efficiently. Full article
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