Special Issue "Clean and Renewable Hydrogen Fuel"

A special issue of Fuels (ISSN 2673-3994).

Deadline for manuscript submissions: 15 August 2023 | Viewed by 6715

Special Issue Editor

Dr. Timothy Lipman
E-Mail Website
Guest Editor
Transportation Sustainability Research Center, University of California—Berkeley, and Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, CA, USA
Interests: transportation technology; alternative fuels; climate change; energy systems; biofuels; renewable energy; microgrids

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

This Special Issue of a new journal called Fuels will feature several new peer-reviewed articles on the topic of “Clean and Renewable Hydrogen Fuel”. Articles will be solicited in June 2020 with expected submissions in February 2021 and publication of the Special Issue later in 2021. Key topics include biological production methods including fermentation and algae, gasification/pyrolysis, electrolysis, and other emerging methods for clean hydrogen production. The edition will be edited by Timothy Lipman, PhD, at the University of California—Berkeley. 

Topics of interest include, but are not limited to:

  1. biomass/waste to hydrogen with gasification or pyrolysis;
  2. fermentation methods;
  3. electrolysis;
  4. algae-based production;
  5. photo-electrochemical methods;
  6. nuclear-power-assisted hydrogen production;
  7. advanced hydrogen purification strategies; and
  8. renewable hydrogen at scale.

Dr. Timothy Lipman
Guest Editor

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All submissions that pass pre-check are peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Fuels is an international peer-reviewed open access quarterly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 1000 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.

Keywords

  • hydrogen
  • renewable
  • production
  • purification
  • fuel cell
  • clean fuels
  • gasification
  • fermentation

Published Papers (3 papers)

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Research

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Article
Business Model Development for a High-Temperature (Co-)Electrolyser System
Fuels 2022, 3(3), 392-407; https://doi.org/10.3390/fuels3030025 - 01 Jul 2022
Viewed by 1171
Abstract
There are increasing international efforts to tackle climate change by reducing the emission of greenhouse gases. As such, the use of electrolytic hydrogen as an energy carrier in decentralised and centralised energy systems, and as a secondary energy carrier for a variety of [...] Read more.
There are increasing international efforts to tackle climate change by reducing the emission of greenhouse gases. As such, the use of electrolytic hydrogen as an energy carrier in decentralised and centralised energy systems, and as a secondary energy carrier for a variety of applications, is projected to grow. Required green hydrogen can be obtained via water electrolysis using the surplus of renewable energy during low electricity demand periods. Electrolysis systems with alkaline and polymer electrolyte membrane (PEM) technology are commercially available in different performance classes. The less mature solid oxide electrolysis cell (SOEC) promises higher efficiencies, as well as co-electrolysis and reversibility functions. This work uses a bottom-up approach to develop a viable business model for a SOEC-based venture. The broader electrolysis market is analysed first, including conventional and emerging market segments. A further opportunity analysis ranks these segments in terms of business attractiveness. Subsequently, the current state and structure of the global electrolyser industry are reviewed, and a ten-year outlook is provided. Key industry players are identified and profiled, after which the major industry and competitor trends are summarised. Based on the outcomes of the previous assessments, a favourable business case is generated and used to develop the business model proposal. The main findings suggest that grid services are the most attractive business sector, followed by refineries and power-to-liquid processes. SOEC technology is particularly promising due to its co-electrolysis capabilities within the methanol production process. Consequently, an “engineering firm and operator” business model for a power-to-methanol plant is considered the most viable option. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Clean and Renewable Hydrogen Fuel)
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Article
Biogas Dry Reforming for Hydrogen through Membrane Reactor Utilizing Negative Pressure
Fuels 2021, 2(2), 194-209; https://doi.org/10.3390/fuels2020012 - 19 May 2021
Cited by 6 | Viewed by 1715
Abstract
Biogas, consisting of CH4 and CO2, is a promising energy source and can be converted into H2 by a dry reforming reaction. In this study, a membrane reactor is adopted to promote the performance of biogas dry reforming. The [...] Read more.
Biogas, consisting of CH4 and CO2, is a promising energy source and can be converted into H2 by a dry reforming reaction. In this study, a membrane reactor is adopted to promote the performance of biogas dry reforming. The aim of this study is to investigate the effect of pressure of sweep gas on a biogas dry reforming to get H2. The effect of molar ratio of supplied CH4:CO2 and reaction temperature is also investigated. It is observed that the impact of psweep on concentrations of CH4 and CO2 is small irrespective of reaction temperature. The concentrations of H2 and CO increase with an increase in reaction temperature t. The concentration of H2, at the outlet of the reaction chamber, reduces with a decrease in psweep. It is due to an increase in H2 extraction from the reaction chamber to the sweep chamber. The highest concentration of H2 is obtained in the case of the molar ratio of CH4:CO2 = 1:1. The concentration of CO is the highest in the case of the molar ratio of CH4:CO2 = 1.5:1. The highest sweep effect is obtained at reaction temperature of 500 °C and psweep of 0.045 MPa. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Clean and Renewable Hydrogen Fuel)
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Review

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Review
Towards the Commercialization of Solid Oxide Fuel Cells: Recent Advances in Materials and Integration Strategies
Fuels 2021, 2(4), 393-419; https://doi.org/10.3390/fuels2040023 - 09 Oct 2021
Cited by 18 | Viewed by 3142
Abstract
The solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC) has become a promising energy conversion technology due to its high efficiency and low environmental impact. Though there are several reviews on the topic of SOFCs, comprehensive reports that simultaneously combine the latest developments in materials and [...] Read more.
The solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC) has become a promising energy conversion technology due to its high efficiency and low environmental impact. Though there are several reviews on the topic of SOFCs, comprehensive reports that simultaneously combine the latest developments in materials and integration strategies are very limited. This paper not only addresses those issues but also discusses the SOFCs working principles, design types, the fuels used, and the required features for electrodes and electrolytes. Furthermore, the implementation of this type of fuel cell on a commercial scale is analyzed. It is concluded that decreasing the SOFCs working temperature can reduce some of its current constraints, which will have a positive impact on SOFCs commercialization. Considering that SOFCs are already being successfully implemented in combined heat and power systems and off-grid power generation, the current status and prospects of this technology are thoroughly discussed. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Clean and Renewable Hydrogen Fuel)
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