Special Issue "Chain of Dependence: Forest Production, Harvesting, Transport and Properties of Raw Materials Wood and Their Processing and Application in the Wood Industry"

A special issue of Forests (ISSN 1999-4907). This special issue belongs to the section "Wood Science and Forest Products".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: 31 December 2022 | Viewed by 1831

Special Issue Editors

Prof. Dr. Grzegorz Trzciński
E-Mail Website
Guest Editor
Department of Forest Utilization, Institute of Forest Sciences, Warsaw University of Life Sciences - SGGW, Nowoursynowska 159, 02-776 Warsaw, Poland
Interests: forest road; forest engineering; timber transport; wood supply chain; gross vehicle weight; axle load
Prof. Dr. Paweł Kozakiewicz
E-Mail Website1 Website2
Guest Editor
Department of Wood Sciences and Wood Preservation, Institute of Wood Sciences and Furniture, Warsaw University of Life Sciences - SGGW, 159 Nowoursynowska St., 02-776 Warsaw, Poland
Interests: influence of habitat and genetic origin of trees on properties of wood; wood raw materials; sawmilling; wood as an engineering material; properties and application of different species of wood
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Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

The dimensional characteristics and technical properties of wood determine its potential applications. Through the selection of species and genetic origins of trees and habitats, it is possible to largely control the increase in biomass and the properties of the produced wood. These issues are of particular importance in the context of alleviating the impact of climate change and controlling the migration of woody plants. Stump wood, with built-in carbon that absorbs CO2 from the air, is a preliminary example of the prolonged "freezing" of this element, lasting for many years and following the transformation of this natural raw material into utility products.

In this Special Issue, we aim to collect articles combining forestry with the wood industry, understood as an important sector of bioeconomy. We invite studies that present the relationship between the genetic and habitat conditions of trees and the quality of the wood produced, as well as studies on the harvesting processes and, above all, the organization of transport and the logistics of wood raw material supplies, in terms of their form and quality (round wood, chips, sawdust, mixed biomass) and the influence of wood properties on the possibilities of its processing and use, i.e., its suitability in the wood industry.

Prof. Dr. Grzegorz Trzciński
Prof. Dr. Paweł Kozakiewicz
Guest Editor

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All submissions that pass pre-check are peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Forests is an international peer-reviewed open access monthly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 2000 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.

Keywords

  • genetic origin
  • forest habitat
  • dendrometric
  • logs and timber transport
  • wood supply chain
  • gross vehicle weight
  • axle load
  • biomass transport
  • wood raw materials
  • sawmilling
  • wood properties
  • forest operation planning and productivity

Published Papers (3 papers)

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Research

Article
Data-Driven Optimization of Forestry and Wood Procurement toward Carbon-Neutral Logistics of Forest Industry
Forests 2022, 13(5), 759; https://doi.org/10.3390/f13050759 - 14 May 2022
Viewed by 363
Abstract
Investments toward a carbon-neutral forest industry will change forestry and wood procurement in Northern Finland. The changing market situation requires data-driven DSSs for the strategic management of logistics. Using this software, logistics were described by a continuing wood flow model and optimized by [...] Read more.
Investments toward a carbon-neutral forest industry will change forestry and wood procurement in Northern Finland. The changing market situation requires data-driven DSSs for the strategic management of logistics. Using this software, logistics were described by a continuing wood flow model and optimized by a dynamic method. Three logistics scenarios described wood flows in the present and in the future. The optimization minimized the economic and environmental costs, which decreased by 4.9%. However, synchronized multimodal transportation costs increased by 23.3%. Therefore, maximum logistics efficiency necessitates increases in railway transport capacity. The change would also decrease CO2 emission costs. Under scenario-specific circumstances, logistics operations could be focused on four profitable regions, increasing market shares at municipalities. To guarantee environmental sustainability of these municipalities, optimization of timber markets between forest owners and forest industry must be developed further by driving data from the EU’s emission allowance price compensation mechanism to the optimization process. Full article
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Article
The Effect of Target Log Length on Log Recovery and Harvesting Cost: The Example of Short-Rotation Poplar Plantations
Forests 2022, 13(5), 669; https://doi.org/10.3390/f13050669 - 26 Apr 2022
Viewed by 566
Abstract
Log production is the main target of new short-rotation poplar plantations, and their profitability depends on maximizing log yield. The authors set up a controlled experiment to determine the log yield increase obtained by shortening log length specification from 4 to 2 m, [...] Read more.
Log production is the main target of new short-rotation poplar plantations, and their profitability depends on maximizing log yield. The authors set up a controlled experiment to determine the log yield increase obtained by shortening log length specification from 4 to 2 m, and to quantify the additional cost incurred by this change. The experiment indicated that reducing log length specifications allows a significant increase (+40%) in log yield in low-yielding (<25 BDT ha−1) plantations, only. Such increase is matched by a parallel increase in harvesting cost (+33%) that must be balanced against the recovered additional value. Measures are suggested to mitigate the harvesting cost increment, such as: dual log length specifications, modifications of the forwarder load bay and changing from cut-to-length to whole-tree harvesting. Full article
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Article
Within-Stem Differences in Moisture Content Loss during Transpiration and Air-Drying of Felled Oak Trees
Forests 2022, 13(3), 485; https://doi.org/10.3390/f13030485 - 21 Mar 2022
Viewed by 602
Abstract
This study evaluated within-stem differences in the moisture content of stored summer-harvested oak wood with respect to drying method. The felled oaks were naturally dried for eight weeks, from 4 July to 29 August 2017. We analyzed two methods of preparation and storage: [...] Read more.
This study evaluated within-stem differences in the moisture content of stored summer-harvested oak wood with respect to drying method. The felled oaks were naturally dried for eight weeks, from 4 July to 29 August 2017. We analyzed two methods of preparation and storage: a transpiration drying method (W), and an air-drying method for stem-wood (L). Transpiration drying is a better method for oak stems than air-drying. Statistically significant differences between drying methods were found after six weeks of storage. This coincided with complete wilting of the leaves. However, signs of wilting and leaf color change appeared earlier, between the second and fourth weeks of storage. In parallel, in scenario W, a statistically significant difference in MC of sapwood was observed between the second and fourth weeks of storage. Such a phenomenon was not observed in scenario L. The MC of heartwood also gradually decreased, especially in scenario W. Explanation of this phenomenon lay outside the scope of this study; however, it indicates how the structure and properties of wood, in addition to storage conditions and methods, influence the efficiency of biomass drying in the harvesting area. Full article
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