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Special Issue "Enhancing Forest Productivity, Value, and Health through Silviculture in a Changing World"

A special issue of Forests (ISSN 1999-4907). This special issue belongs to the section "Forest Ecology and Management".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: 30 November 2019

Special Issue Editors

Guest Editor
Dr. Nelson Thiffault

Canadian Wood Fibre Centre, Natural Resources Canada, Quebec, Quebec, G1V 4C7, Canada
Website | E-Mail
Interests: silviculture, reforestation, regeneration, boreal forest, plantation, vegetation management, site preparation, stock type, competition, nutrition, conifers
Guest Editor
Dr. Brad Pinno

Department of Renewable Resources, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta T6G 2E3, Canada
Website | E-Mail
Interests: silviculture, trembling aspen, seedling establishment, site preparation, forest soil, forest ecology, enhanced forest management

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

Global change is inducing important stresses to forests worldwide. For example, increases in the frequency and intensity of drought events and invasions by new exotic invasive plants and insects have started to modify forest dynamics, including regeneration, recruitment, and growth, with significant effects on the provision of ecosystem services. Meanwhile, the world population is exerting a growing pressure on forest ecosystems as a source of materials supporting the transition to a low-carbon economy. Silviculture, the art and science of controlling the establishment, growth, composition, and quality of forest vegetation to achieve management objectives, offers the opportunity to create and maintain forest ecosystems that can meet these challenges. There is a vibrant need to conduct and disseminate silviculture research that provides the knowledge required to favor the resistance, resilience, or transition of forest ecosystems in the face of climate change.

This Special Issue of Forests is focused on silviculture. We invite the submission of review papers or research articles that focus on any functions of silviculture (regeneration, stand tending, and harvesting) or their combinations, including, but not restricted to the development of new silviculture treatments that will help to adapt forests to climate change, interactions between silviculture and climate, site characteristics, genetics, and biotic pressures, such as browsing or diseases. Studies with a focus on the development of planting material (e.g., species, stock type) or other aspects of forest management (e.g., enhanced forest inventories, wood quality, social license, modeling) should include interactions with silvicultural treatments or systems (e.g., site preparation, fertilization, vegetation management, partial harvest).

Dr. Nelson Thiffault
Dr. Brad Pinno
Guest Editors

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All papers will be peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Forests is an international peer-reviewed open access monthly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 1800 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.


  • Regeneration
  • Plantation
  • Stand restoration
  • Site preparation
  • Fertilization
  • Vegetation management
  • Thinning
  • Harvesting
  • Partial harvesting

Published Papers (1 paper)

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Open AccessArticle Abundance and Impacts of Competing Species on Conifer Regeneration Following Careful Logging in the Eastern Canadian Boreal Forest
Forests 2019, 10(2), 177; https://doi.org/10.3390/f10020177
Received: 4 February 2019 / Revised: 13 February 2019 / Accepted: 18 February 2019 / Published: 19 February 2019
PDF Full-text (3090 KB) | HTML Full-text | XML Full-text
Managing competing vegetation is crucial in stand establishment strategies; forecasting the abundance, composition, and impact of competing vegetation after harvesting is needed to optimize silviculture scenarios and maintain long-term site productivity. Our main objective was to identify factors influencing the short-term abundance and [...] Read more.
Managing competing vegetation is crucial in stand establishment strategies; forecasting the abundance, composition, and impact of competing vegetation after harvesting is needed to optimize silviculture scenarios and maintain long-term site productivity. Our main objective was to identify factors influencing the short-term abundance and composition of competing vegetation over a large area of the Canadian boreal forest. Our second objective was to better understand the mid-term evolution of the regeneration/competing vegetation complex in cases of marginal regeneration conditions. We used operational regeneration surveys of 4471 transects sampled ≈5 years after harvesting that contained data on regeneration, competing vegetation, elevation, ecological classification, soil attributes, and pre-harvest forest stands. We performed a redundancy analysis to identify the relationships between competing vegetation, harvesting and biophysical variables. We then estimated the probability of observing a given competing species cover based on these variables. In 2015, we re-sampled a portion of the sites, where conifer regeneration was marginal early after harvesting, to assess the temporal impact of different competing levels and species groups on the free-to-grow stocking, vigour and basal area of softwood regeneration. Results from the first inventory showed that, after careful logging around advance growth, ericaceous shrubs and hardwoods were not associated with the same sets of site attributes. Ericaceous shrubs were mainly found on low fertility sites associated with black spruce (Picea mariana (Mill.) BSP) or jack pine (Pinus banksiana Lamb.). The distinction between suitable environments for commercial shade-intolerant hardwoods and non-commercial hardwoods was less clear, as they responded similarly to many variables. Analysis of data from the second inventory showed a significant improvement in conifer free-to-grow stocking when commercial shade-intolerant hardwood competing levels were low (stocking 0%–40%) and when ericaceous shrubs competing levels were moderate (percent cover 26%–75%). In these conditions of marginal regeneration, the different types and intensities of competition did not affect the vigour or basal area of softwood regeneration, 9–14 years after harvesting. Full article

Figure 1

Planned Papers

The below list represents only planned manuscripts. Some of these manuscripts have not been received by the Editorial Office yet. Papers submitted to MDPI journals are subject to peer-review.

  1. Title: Reforestation Options under Global Change: 25-Year Results from the Montane Alternative Silvicultural Systems (MASS)

Authors: Filipescu, C.N., and Beese, W.J.


  1. Title: Effects of Biophysical Factors on Tree Regeneration in Partially Harvested Boreal Mixedwood Stands

Authors: Freddy Nguema Allogo, Benoît Lafleur and Brian D. Harvey


  1. Title: Development of Shelterwood and Seed-Tree Systems in North-American Boreal Forests: Effects on Stand Production and Economic Value

Authors: Jean-Martin Lussier, Miguel Montoro Girona, Hubert Morin and Michel Soucis


  1. Title: Profitability of Commercial Thinning in Natural Black Spruce Stands in Quebec, Canada

Authors: Fifanou G. Vodouhe, Nancy Gélinas, Jean-Claude Ruel and Stéphane Tremblay


  1. Title: Silvicultural Options for White Spruce Establishment and Productivity in the North American Boreal Forest. [review]

Authors: Brad Pinno and Nelson Thiffault


  1. Title: Forest Vegetation Management in Canada: Challenges and Opportunities in a Changing World. [review]

Authors: Nelson Thiffault and Michael Hoepting


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