Special Issue "Effects of Wildfire on Biodiversity"

A special issue of Fire (ISSN 2571-6255).

Deadline for manuscript submissions: 31 October 2021.

Special Issue Editor

Dr. Eva K. Strand
E-Mail Website
Guest Editor
Department of Forest, Rangeland, and Fire Sciences, University of Idaho, 875 Perimeter Drive MS 1133, Moscow, Idaho 83844-1133, USA
Interests: landscape ecology; geospatial analysis; plant community ecology; fire ecology; landscape dynamics; ecosystem processes

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

Wildfire size and frequency is increasing across Earth’s ecosystems, presenting us with a fire paradox. It is well documented that wildfires were more common in many ecosystems across the globe a couple of centuries ago compared to present time. Today, we are alarmed by the increase in fire frequency and burned area, although the magnitude is not yet approaching the area historically burned in most regions. We are caught in the complex task of defining effects of fire on ecosystems and biodiversity, entangled in fire regime characteristics such as fire frequency, severity, season of burn, fire size, and variability in time and space. A central question to ecologists, fire scientists, and natural resource managers is the impact changes in fire regime characteristics have on Earth’s biodiversity, both locally and regionally. Huston’s intermediate disturbance hypothesis suggests that local species diversity is maximized when disturbance is neither too rare nor too frequent, but how do we identify where and when, and at what scale, wildfires are too rare or too frequent?

The goal of this Special Issue is to compile a set of scientific articles describing how wildfire has impacted diversity in the ecosystem where they occurred. We invite articles that present measured or modeled effects of wildfire on diversity across various scales and dimensions of fire regime metrics and biological taxa, including but not limited to:

  • Effects of wildfire on diversity of any taxa in any ecosystem
  • Relationships between fire effects and abiotic factors such as climate
  • Predictions of changes in fire effects as a result of a changing climate
  • Effects of scale in the interpretation of fire effects on biodiversity
  • Consequences of larger burned area for the composition of communities and landscapes
  • Consequences of wildfire on biogeochemistry, such as the global carbon cycle

Dr. Eva K. Strand
Guest Editor

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All papers will be peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Fire is an international peer-reviewed open access quarterly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 1400 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.

Keywords

  • wildfire
  • fire effects
  • biodiversity
  • fire regimes
  • disturbance
  • climate change
  • biotic community
  • landscape composition

Published Papers (1 paper)

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Research

Article
Effects of Wildfire and the Presence of the Invasive Paulownia tomentosa on the Regeneration of Native Tree Species in North-Central Appalachia
Fire 2021, 4(3), 60; https://doi.org/10.3390/fire4030060 - 06 Sep 2021
Viewed by 329
Abstract
A wildfire occurred in Shawnee State Forest located in southern Ohio that consumed 1215 hectares. Based on earlier forest inventories it was known that paulownia (Paulownia tomentosa), a non-native invasive tree species, occurred in the forest. The objective of this study [...] Read more.
A wildfire occurred in Shawnee State Forest located in southern Ohio that consumed 1215 hectares. Based on earlier forest inventories it was known that paulownia (Paulownia tomentosa), a non-native invasive tree species, occurred in the forest. The objective of this study was to determine if paulownia heavily colonized areas two years after the fire where the burn occurred, and if its presence had a negative impact on the regeneration (<137 cm height) of native species—red and white oaks (Quercus sp.), red maple (Acer rubrum), and yellow-poplar (Liriodendron tulipifera). Two years after the fire, paulownia had invaded the burned areas but not at significantly higher densities than occurred in the unburned areas. Fire significantly reduced the number of regenerating stems of white oak and red maple two years after the fire, whereas the number of regenerating stems of red oak increased slightly and that of yellow-poplar increased significantly. In areas where paulownia occurred that experienced wildfire, all species studied displayed a reduction in the number of regenerating stems compared to paulownia’s absence in the burn areas. Where paulownia occurred in areas not affected by the wildfire, all the native species studied displayed a reduction in the number of regenerating stems. The average heights of red oak, white oak, and red maple were significantly taller when growing in areas affected by the wildfire due to a more open canopy. However, there was no significant change in the average heights of yellow-poplar. The presence of paulownia in both the burned and unburned areas reduced the number of regenerating stems of the native species studied. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Effects of Wildfire on Biodiversity)
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