Special Issue "Sustainable Buildings for Citizens, Cities and Communities"

A special issue of Energies (ISSN 1996-1073). This special issue belongs to the section "Energy and Buildings".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: 31 May 2020.

Special Issue Editor

Prof. Dr. Theocharis Tsoutsos
E-Mail Website
Guest Editor
Technical University of Crete, TUC Campus, 73100, Chania, Greece
Interests: near zero energy; energy communities; sustainable islands; sustainable and smart cities; life cycle assessment; renewable energy

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

Climate change has now become a technologically, environmentally, socially, and economically major global challenge. The role of energy saving combined with clean energy power generation is now more dynamic due to decarbonization than even in the past and will be increased.

The recent EU Directives (on Energy Performance in Buildings—2018/844, Renewable Energy—2018/2001, and Energy Efficiency—2018/2002) and the Paris Agreement ratified by at least 180 out of 197 Parties to the Conventions show the trends of the near and medium future.

European initiatives, like the Covenant of Mayors, the regional energy policy and governance, Clean Energy for EU islands, and the Strategic Energy Technologies Plan (SET-Plan), contribute in an essential manner in the formulation and implementation of such policy and technology scheme. In parallel, though increasing the share of RE is high on the policy agenda, the general public had been slow to adopt it since the formation of cooperatives to combine energy poverty alleviation and democracy, alternative funding schemes, and cooperative models.

The selection of papers for this Special Issue will be based on:

  • Their innovation, in order to become a global S&T paradigm;
  • Their pure scientific and applied technology findings;
  • Their new and alternative APPROACH
Prof. Dr. Theocharis Tsoutsos
Guest Editor

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All papers will be peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Energies is an international peer-reviewed open access semimonthly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 1800 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.

Keywords

  • Applied research, policy, governance, and success stories of energy saving and renewables in: Cooperative models used in the built environment
  • Educational and research buildings
  • Public buildings (hospitals, municipal, sports) and buildings of the tertiary sector (hospitals, entertainment, sports, hotels, malls)
  • Analysis of behavioral changes in large scale energy consumption
  • Social buildings (schools, universities, social housing)
  • Community/village/neighborhood/island.

Published Papers (1 paper)

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Research

Open AccessArticle
How Climate Change Affects the Building Energy Consumptions Due to Cooling, Heating, and Electricity Demands of Italian Residential Sector
Energies 2020, 13(2), 410; https://doi.org/10.3390/en13020410 - 14 Jan 2020
Abstract
Climate change affects the buildings’ performance, significantly influencing energy consumption, as well as the indoor thermal comfort. As a consequence, the growing outdoor environmental temperatures entail a slight reduction in heating consumption and an increase in cooling consumption, with different overall effects depending [...] Read more.
Climate change affects the buildings’ performance, significantly influencing energy consumption, as well as the indoor thermal comfort. As a consequence, the growing outdoor environmental temperatures entail a slight reduction in heating consumption and an increase in cooling consumption, with different overall effects depending on the latitudes. This document focuses attention on the Italian residential sector, considering the current and reduced meteorological data, in anticipation of future climate scenarios. According to a sample of 419 buildings, referring to the climatic conditions of Milan, Florence, Rome, and Naples, the heating and cooling needs are calculated by a simplified dynamic model, in current and future conditions. The effects of the simplest climate adaptation measure, represented by the introduction of new air conditioners, have been also evaluated. The simulations results show an important reduction in complex energy consumption (Milan −6%, Florence −22%, Rome −25%, Naples −30%), due to the greater incidence of heating demand in the Italian context. However, the increase in air conditioning electrical consumption over the hot season (Milan +11%, Florence +20%, Rome +19%, Naples +16%) can play a critical role for the electrical system; for that reason, the introduction of photovoltaic arrays as a compensatory measure have been analysed. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sustainable Buildings for Citizens, Cities and Communities)
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Planned Papers

The below list represents only planned manuscripts. Some of these manuscripts have not been received by the Editorial Office yet. Papers submitted to MDPI journals are subject to peer-review.

Type: Article
Title: Maximum Demand Charge Minimization with PV-Battery Hybrid Energy System for Peak Load Shavings in Microgrids
Authors: Abid Ali 1,* and Mohd Fakhizan Romlie 2
Affiliations:
1 Department of Electrical and Electronics Engineering, Universiti Teknologi PETRONAS, Malaysia [email protected]
2 Department of Electrical and Electronics Engineering, Universiti Teknologi PETRONAS, Malaysia [email protected]
* [email protected]; Tel.: +60162582805
Abstract: In recent times, several electric utility companies worldwide including in Malaysia, have introduced Time of Use (ToU) tariff schemes to offer different tariff rates throughout the day to their consumers. In addition to net energy consumptions, consumers are required to pay for a high cost maximum demand charge for the electric consumptions during the peak times. This type of tariff scheme has contemplated toward the use of demand-side management (DSM) programs to reduce the electric consumptions during the peak times. One way to reduce energy consumptions from electric utilities is the setting-up of microgrids coupled low cost alternative source of energy to generate the electricity and supply it during the peak times. Through this research, a demand-side management (DSM) approach for peak load shaving using microgrids coupled with PV-Battery Hybrid Energy System (PV-BHES) is proposed. The PV-BHES is used to supply electric power during the peak times in order to reduce the high cost maximum demand charges. Since, the installations of PV-BHES shall introduce new cost to the system, the identifications of optimum sizes for PV-BHES and control of battery charge/discharge is mandatory to get maximum economic benefits. Aiming at that, an optimization framework using genetic algorithm is developed to calculate the optimum sizes for PV-BHES and perform the optimum operations for batteries. The optimization takes place through maximizing economic benefits from PV-BHES over the total maximum demand charge over a period of 20 years. Considering the latest ToU tariffs, local weather conditions and real time microgrid loads data, optimizations for PV-BHES are performed and results are presented. Besides the economic benefits, the proposed approach helps in increasing the PV penetrations and decrease the greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. The proposed method is a simple and effective way to reduce burden on electric utilities during the peak time.
Keywords: Batteries; Demand-side management; Heuristic optimization; Hybrid energy systems; Peak load shaving; Solar PV

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