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Smart Building Integration into a Smart City (SBISC): Development of a New Evaluation Framework

Faculty of Civil Engineering and Architecture, Kaunas University of Technology, Studentu str. 48, LT-51367 Kaunas, Lithuania
School of Engineering, Frederick University, Nicosia 1036, Cyprus
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Energies 2020, 13(9), 2190;
Received: 23 March 2020 / Revised: 17 April 2020 / Accepted: 19 April 2020 / Published: 1 May 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sustainable Buildings for Citizens, Cities and Communities)
The aim of this study is to define the features that smart buildings should fulfil in order to be compatible with the overall context of the smart city and to introduce a new evaluation framework of Smart Buildings Integration into a Smart City (SBISC). By analysing scientific literature as well as existing international and local project examples, the features of smart buildings that are expected to be adopted in smart cities were identified. The SBISC evaluation methodology was developed and applied to a set of selected projects. The literature review revealed that the smart building and smart city concepts were developed in different time frames and by different stakeholders and, thus, need to be realigned. The most important aspect is to employ in a smart building all the functionalities proposed by the smart areas of the city and vice versa by enabling the recommended features of smart materials, smart building services, and smart construction to serve for the surrounding systems. Nine office buildings representing smart building concept in different smart cities built within the period 2007–2018 with a total area from 10,000 m2 to 143,000 m2 were selected for the analysis. The research of selected projects revealed that the smart buildings have more potential to become smarter by utilizing smart cities capabilities in the areas of smart energy, smart mobility, smart life, and smart environment. Smart cities are the most prominent trend in creating a cohesive environment. View Full-Text
Keywords: smart city; smart buildings; ICT; interoperability; sustainability smart city; smart buildings; ICT; interoperability; sustainability
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Apanaviciene, R.; Vanagas, A.; Fokaides, P.A. Smart Building Integration into a Smart City (SBISC): Development of a New Evaluation Framework. Energies 2020, 13, 2190.

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