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Special Issue "Integration of Electrical Vehicles and Renewable Energy Resources into Power Distribution Networks"

A special issue of Energies (ISSN 1996-1073). This special issue belongs to the section "A2: Distributed Energy System".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: 15 September 2022 | Viewed by 3317

Special Issue Editors

Prof. Dr. Mohamed Emad Farrag
E-Mail Website
Guest Editor
School of Computing, Engineering and Built Environment, Glasgow Caledonian University, Glasgow G4 0BA, UK
Interests: electrical and electronics; power system control; distributed generation; energy storage systems, smart grid
Special Issues, Collections and Topics in MDPI journals
Prof. Dr. Ghanim A. Putrus
E-Mail Website
Guest Editor
Department of Mathematics, Physics and Electrical Engineering, Northumbria University, Newcastle upon Tyne NE1 8ST, UK
Interests: power electronic applications in power systems; integration of electric vehicles and renewable energy sources into smart grids
Special Issues, Collections and Topics in MDPI journals
Dr. Ahmed Aboushady
E-Mail Website
Guest Editor
School of Computing, Engineering and Built Environment, Glasgow Caledonian University, Glasgow G4 0BA, UK
Interests: medium and high voltage DC transmission systems; integration of renewable energy systems and lately in wireless power transfer applications in power systems

Special Issue Information

Dear colleagues,

Given the usage of large scale renewable energy sources to overcome the shortages of classical fossil fuels, along with the decarbonisation of energy production particularly in transportation, electric vehicles are emerging as the main option for countries to offset their GHG contribution. There are many technical, social, and commercial challenges associated with the integration of these two technologies. Firstly, the routine of using (and hence charging) electric vehicles is driven by customer needs as a trade off with the grid requirement in the absence of the customer incentives. Secondly, the RES intermittence nature does not always match the demand in the electric grid, which is what is driving the need for energy storage technology. Thirdly, overloading and voltage problems are expected in the distributed network due to high penetration of RES and EVs is another research problem. To overcome the above challenges, integration of smart EVs charging techniques that support the grid and maximise the benefits of RES would be an excellent solution, resulting in net-zero emissions.

This Special Issue focuses on recent advances in technology for EVs charging schemes that reduce the degradation of the EV batteries that support its use as ancillary service provider to the grid with the consideration of high penetration of RES. It includes, but is not limited to, the following topics:

  • Power electronic converter for (DC) charging of EVs with bidirectional capability
  • Investigation of the synergy between RES and EV charging demand
  • Power management techniques for EV/RES systems to reduce grid congestion
  • Intelligent systems for optimal sizing, location, and control of EVs as energy storage to enhance the voltage profile and relive grid loadings
  • Charging electric vehicles from RES in microgrids

Prof. Dr. Mohamed Emad Farrag
Prof. Dr. Ghanim Putrus
Dr. Ahmed Aboushady
Guest Editors

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All submissions that pass pre-check are peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Energies is an international peer-reviewed open access semimonthly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 2200 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.

Keywords

  • electric vehicles charging
  • distributed energy resources
  • V2G, V2H, V2B, V2L
  • energy storage systems
  • artificial intelligence techniques
  • intelligent energy management of electrical power systems

Published Papers (3 papers)

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Research

Article
Utilizing Local Flexibility Resources to Mitigate Grid Challenges at Electric Vehicle Charging Stations
Energies 2021, 14(12), 3506; https://doi.org/10.3390/en14123506 - 12 Jun 2021
Cited by 1 | Viewed by 936
Abstract
Charging of electric vehicles (EVs) on a large scale can cause problems for the grid. Utilizing local flexibility resources, such as smart charging, stationary battery, vehicle-to-grid applications, and local generation can be an efficient way to contain the grid challenges and mitigate the [...] Read more.
Charging of electric vehicles (EVs) on a large scale can cause problems for the grid. Utilizing local flexibility resources, such as smart charging, stationary battery, vehicle-to-grid applications, and local generation can be an efficient way to contain the grid challenges and mitigate the need for grid reinforcement. Focusing on the INSPIRIA charging station located in Norway, this paper investigates the possibility of coping with imminent grid challenges by means of local flexibility. First, the potential grid challenges are estimated with the help of Monte Carlo simulations. Second, cost and performance for the various local flexibility sources are presented. Third, an analysis of the choice of battery, charging process, and battery economy are provided. Finally, the paper discusses the optimal mix of flexibility resources to efficiently mitigate grid challenges at the INSPIRIA charging station. Full article
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Article
Analyzing the Fast-Charging Potential for Electric Vehicles with Local Photovoltaic Power Production in French Suburban Highway Network
Energies 2021, 14(9), 2428; https://doi.org/10.3390/en14092428 - 24 Apr 2021
Cited by 1 | Viewed by 687
Abstract
The need for deploying fast-charging stations for electric vehicles (EVs) is becoming essential in recent years. This need is justified by the increasing charging demand and supported by new charging technologies making EV chargers more efficient. In this paper, we provide a survey [...] Read more.
The need for deploying fast-charging stations for electric vehicles (EVs) is becoming essential in recent years. This need is justified by the increasing charging demand and supported by new charging technologies making EV chargers more efficient. In this paper, we provide a survey on EV fast-charging models and introduce a data-driven approach with an optimization model for deploying EV fast-chargers for both electric vehicles and heavy trucks traveling through a network of suburban highways. This deployment aims at satisfying EV charging demands while respecting the limits imposed by the electric grid. We also consider the availability of local photovoltaic (PV) farm and integrate its produced power to the proposed charging network. Finally, through a case study on Paris-Saclay area, we provide locations for EV charging stations and analyze the benefits of integrating PV power at different prices, production costs and charging capacities. The obtained results also suggest potential enhancements to the charging network in order to accommodate the increasing charging demand for EVs in the future. Full article
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Article
Methodology to Evaluate the Impact of Electric Vehicles on Electrical Networks Using Monte Carlo
Energies 2021, 14(5), 1300; https://doi.org/10.3390/en14051300 - 27 Feb 2021
Cited by 6 | Viewed by 977
Abstract
In preparation for the electric mobility technological transition in Colombia, an impact assessment of the electric power system is required, considering the increasing loading that must be able to be managed in the future. In this paper, a plug-in electric vehicle (PEV) charging [...] Read more.
In preparation for the electric mobility technological transition in Colombia, an impact assessment of the electric power system is required, considering the increasing loading that must be able to be managed in the future. In this paper, a plug-in electric vehicle (PEV) charging simulation methodology is developed in order to dimension the impact of this type of load on power grids. PEV electric properties, user charging behaviors, geographic location, trip distances, and other variables of interest are modeled from empirical or known probability distributions and later evaluated in different scenarios using Monte Carlo simulation and load flow analysis. This methodology is later applied to the transmission network of Antioquia (a department of Colombia) resulting in load increases of up to 40% on transmission lines and 20% on transformers in a high PEV penetration scenario in 2030, increases that are well within the expected grid capacity for that year, avoiding the need for additional upgrades. Full article
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