Advances in Power Electronics for Transportation Electrification

A special issue of Electronics (ISSN 2079-9292). This special issue belongs to the section "Electrical and Autonomous Vehicles".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: closed (30 June 2022) | Viewed by 16665

Special Issue Editor


E-Mail Website
Guest Editor
The CCS Graduate School of Green Transportation, KAIST, 193 Munji-ro, Yuseong-gu, Daejeon 34051, Korea
Interests: power electronics system for transportation electrification; renewable integration; drives and data center

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

In response to the concern around sustainability and climate change, the electrification system is rapidly penetrating the transportation sector, including vehicles, ships, aircrafts, etc. As far as electricity is used as a medium to transfer energy, power electronics is a key technology to connect the electric propulsion system, energy storage system, and grid. Recently, power electronics have made significant progress in the automotive industry. In addition, the rapid expansion of the electric vehicle market in accordance with stringent regulations on internal combustion engine vehicles has accelerated the expansion of electrification in every sector of transportation.

This Special Issue will publish high-quality peer-reviewed papers focusing on the latest technical progress of power electronics for transportation electrification. The topics of interest include but are not limited to:

  • Electric powertrain
  • On-board and off-board charging
  • Hybrid electric vehicle (HEV) and plug-in hybrid vehicle (PHEV)
  • Fuel cell electric vehicle (FCEV)
  • Electrification of aircraft, ship and train
  • Vehicle-to-grid (V2G) technology
  • Electric machine, motor drive and power electronics
  • Energy storage systems
  • Power module, cooling and packaging
  • Charging infrastructure and distribution network

Prof. Dr. Ki-Bum Park
Guest Editor

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All submissions that pass pre-check are peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Electronics is an international peer-reviewed open access semimonthly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 2400 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.

Keywords

  • Electric powertrain
  • On-board and off-board charging
  • Hybrid electric vehicle (HEV) and plug-in hybrid vehicle (PHEV)
  • Fuel cell electric vehicle (FCEV)
  • Electrification of aircraft, ship and train
  • Vehicle-to-grid (V2G) technology
  • Electric machine, motor drive and power electronics
  • Energy storage systems
  • Power module, cooling and packaging
  • Charging infrastructure and distribution network

Published Papers (5 papers)

Order results
Result details
Select all
Export citation of selected articles as:

Research

28 pages, 16707 KiB  
Article
Full Digital Control and Multi-Loop Tuning of a Three-Level T-Type Rectifier for Electric Vehicle Ultra-Fast Battery Chargers
by Davide Cittanti, Matteo Gregorio, Eugenio Bossotto, Fabio Mandrile and Radu Bojoi
Electronics 2021, 10(12), 1453; https://doi.org/10.3390/electronics10121453 - 17 Jun 2021
Cited by 14 | Viewed by 3501
Abstract
The rapid development of electric vehicle ultra-fast battery chargers is increasingly demanding higher efficiency and power density. In particular, a proper control of the grid-connected active front–end can ensure minimum passive component size (i.e., limiting design oversizing) and reduce the overall converter losses. [...] Read more.
The rapid development of electric vehicle ultra-fast battery chargers is increasingly demanding higher efficiency and power density. In particular, a proper control of the grid-connected active front–end can ensure minimum passive component size (i.e., limiting design oversizing) and reduce the overall converter losses. Moreover, fast control dynamics and strong disturbance rejection capability are often required by the subsequent DC/DC stage, which may act as a fast-varying and/or unbalanced load. Therefore, this paper proposes the design, tuning and implementation of a complete digital multi-loop control strategy for a three-level unidirectional T-type rectifier, intended for EV ultra-fast battery charging. First, an overview of the operational basics of three-level rectifiers is presented and the state-space model of the considered system is derived. A detailed analysis of the mid-point current generation process is also provided, as this aspect is widely overlooked in the literature. In particular, the converter operation under unbalanced split DC-link loads is analyzed and the converter mid-point current limits are analytically identified. Four controllers (i.e., dq-currents, DC-link voltage and DC-link mid-point voltage balancing loops) are designed and their tuning is described step-by-step, taking into account the delays and the discretization introduced by the digital control implementation. Finally, the proposed multi-loop controller design procedure is validated on a 30 kW, 20 kHz T-type rectifier prototype. The control strategy is implemented on a single general purpose microcontroller unit and the performances of all control loops are successfully verified experimentally, simultaneously achieving low input current zero-crossing distortion, high step response and disturbance rejection dynamics, and stable steady-state operation under unbalanced split DC-link loading. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Advances in Power Electronics for Transportation Electrification)
Show Figures

Figure 1

21 pages, 8584 KiB  
Article
DSP-HIL Comparison between IM Drive Control Strategies
by Luis E. Ortega-García, Daniela Rodriguez-Sotelo, Jose C. Nuñez-Perez, Yuma Sandoval-Ibarra and Francisco J. Perez-Pinal
Electronics 2021, 10(8), 921; https://doi.org/10.3390/electronics10080921 - 13 Apr 2021
Cited by 8 | Viewed by 2446
Abstract
Due to their high robustness and simple maintenance, induction motors (IM) are commonly applied in household appliances and industry. Recently, advanced control techniques are being applied to traditional controllers such as field-oriented control (FOC) and torque control (DTC). Dynamic performance improvement, hardware simplification [...] Read more.
Due to their high robustness and simple maintenance, induction motors (IM) are commonly applied in household appliances and industry. Recently, advanced control techniques are being applied to traditional controllers such as field-oriented control (FOC) and torque control (DTC). Dynamic performance improvement, hardware simplification and software resource reduction are some of the characteristics reported by these advanced techniques, where a comparison of the new proposal with a traditional structure is generally reported for its validation. However, an assessment between advanced techniques is usually missing. Therefore, we evaluated the traditional FOC and DTC with two additional advanced control modifications, fuzzy and predictive. The resulting six structures were numerically evaluated using MATLAB SIMULINK in a 5 HP four-pole three-phase IM and practically validated using hardware-in-the-loop (Typhoon HIL 402 and DSP TMS320F28035). Speed, torque, phase current and flux response are reported for the six controllers and practical insights are summarized. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Advances in Power Electronics for Transportation Electrification)
Show Figures

Figure 1

18 pages, 5743 KiB  
Article
Research and Analysis of Permanent Magnet Transmission System Controls on Diesel Railway Vehicles
by Lili Kang, Dongjie Jiang, Chaoying Xia, Yongjiu Xu and Kaiyi Sun
Electronics 2021, 10(2), 173; https://doi.org/10.3390/electronics10020173 - 14 Jan 2021
Cited by 6 | Viewed by 2301
Abstract
As the energy crisis and environmental pollution continue to be a gradual threat, the energy saving of transmission systems has become the focus of railway vehicle research and design. Due to their high-power density and efficiency features, permanent magnet synchronous motors (PMSM) have [...] Read more.
As the energy crisis and environmental pollution continue to be a gradual threat, the energy saving of transmission systems has become the focus of railway vehicle research and design. Due to their high-power density and efficiency features, permanent magnet synchronous motors (PMSM) have been gradually applied in railway vehicles. To improve the efficiency of the transmission system of diesel railway vehicles, it is a good option to use PMSM as both a generator and traction motor to construct a full permanent magnet transmission system (FPMTS). Due to the application of the new FPMTS, some of the original control strategies for diesel railway vehicle transmission systems are no longer applicable. Therefore, it is necessary to adjust and improve the control strategies to meet the needs of FPMTS. We studied several key issues that affect the reliability and comfort of the vehicles. As such, this paper introduced the FPMTS control strategy, including the coordinated control strategy of the diesel and the traction motor, the two degrees of freedom (2DOF) decoupling current regulator, the maximum torque control of the standardized unit current, the wheel slip protection control, and the fault protection strategy. The experiment was carried out on the test platform and the test run of the diesel shunting locomotive equipped with the FPMTS. The results showed that the control strategy described in this paper met the operation characteristics of the FPMTS and that the control performance was superior. The study of FPMTS lays the foundation for the subsequent application of permanent magnet motors in high-powered diesel locomotives and high-speed diesel multi-units. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Advances in Power Electronics for Transportation Electrification)
Show Figures

Figure 1

32 pages, 7446 KiB  
Article
Control Scheme of a Bidirectional Inductive Power Transfer System for Electric Vehicles Integrated into the Grid
by Emilio J. Molina-Martínez, Pedro Roncero-Sánchez, Francisco Javier López-Alcolea, Javier Vázquez and Alfonso Parreño Torres
Electronics 2020, 9(10), 1724; https://doi.org/10.3390/electronics9101724 - 19 Oct 2020
Cited by 7 | Viewed by 2707
Abstract
Inductive power transfer (IPT) systems have become a very effective technology when charging the batteries of electric vehicles (EVs), with numerous research works devoted to this field in recent years. In the battery charging process, the EV consumes energy from the grid, and [...] Read more.
Inductive power transfer (IPT) systems have become a very effective technology when charging the batteries of electric vehicles (EVs), with numerous research works devoted to this field in recent years. In the battery charging process, the EV consumes energy from the grid, and this concept is called Grid-to-Vehicle (G2V). Nevertheless, the EV can also be used to inject part of the energy stored in the battery into the grid, according to the so-called Vehicle-to-Grid (V2G) scheme. This bidirectional feature can be applied to a better development of distributed generation systems, thus improving the integration of EVs into the grid (including IPT-powered EVs). Over the past few years, some works have begun to pay attention to bidirectional IPT systems applied to EVs, focusing on aspects such as the compensation topology, the design of the magnetic coupler or the power electronic configuration. Nevertheless, the design of the control system has not been extensively studied. This paper is focused on the design of a control system applied to a bidirectional IPT charger, which can operate in both the G2V and V2G modes. The procedure design of the control system is thoroughly explained and classical control techniques are applied to tailor the control scheme. One of the advantages of the proposed control scheme is the robustness when there is a mismatch between the coupling factor used in the model and the real value. Moreover, the control system can be used to limit the peak value of the primary side current when this value increases, thus protecting the IPT system. Simulation results obtained with PSCADTM/EMTDCTM show the good performance of the overall system when working in both G2V and V2G modes, while experimental results validate the control system behavior in the G2V mode. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Advances in Power Electronics for Transportation Electrification)
Show Figures

Figure 1

18 pages, 9333 KiB  
Article
Hybrid Current-Mode Control of PSFB Converter to Compensate Slew Interval and Prevent Magnetic Saturation of Transformers
by Jae-Hak Ko, Seung-Woo Baek, Kang-Mun Lee, Hag-Wone Kim, Kwan-Yul Cho and Jae-Moon Kim
Electronics 2020, 9(9), 1395; https://doi.org/10.3390/electronics9091395 - 28 Aug 2020
Cited by 3 | Viewed by 4382
Abstract
This paper proposes a newly developed hybrid current-mode control (HCMC) method for phase-shifted full-bridge (PSFB) converters. Generally, PSFB converters have been widely used in various DC-DC power applications owing to their ease of control and low switching losses. However, the transformer can be [...] Read more.
This paper proposes a newly developed hybrid current-mode control (HCMC) method for phase-shifted full-bridge (PSFB) converters. Generally, PSFB converters have been widely used in various DC-DC power applications owing to their ease of control and low switching losses. However, the transformer can be saturated by volt-second imbalance of the magnetizing inductance. Therefore, a blocking capacitor can be used in series with the transformer, or peak current-mode control methods with slope compensation can be applied, to prevent transformer saturation. However, blocking capacitors increase the material cost and make the power stage bulky. Moreover, the overcompensation by slope compensation methods delays the control response. This paper proposes a hybrid current-mode control (HCMC) for PSFB converters to solve these problems. A blocking capacitor and slope compensation are not required in the proposed HCMC method for PSFB converters. The proposed HCMC method has no transformer saturation and output response delay, and the efficacy of this method has been verified through simulations and experiments. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Advances in Power Electronics for Transportation Electrification)
Show Figures

Figure 1

Back to TopTop