Special Issue "Spark Plasma Sintering Technology"

A special issue of Ceramics (ISSN 2571-6131).

Deadline for manuscript submissions: 30 November 2020.

Special Issue Editors

Dr. Manuel Belmonte
Website
Guest Editor
Institute of Ceramics and Glass (ICV-CSIC) Campus Cantoblanco, c/Kelsen 5, 28049 Madrid, Spain
Interests: development of ceramic/carbon nanostructure (graphene or nanotube) composites; 3D printing of porous materials; densification by spark plasma sintering; tribological, mechanical, and thermal properties
Dr. Claude Estournes
Website1 Website2 SciProfiles
Guest Editor
CNRS Resarch Director at CIRIMAT, Université de Toulouse, CNRS, Université Toulouse 3 - Paul Sabatier, 118 Route de Narbonne, 31062 Toulouse cedex 9 - France
Interests: synthesis, preparation, and densification of materials (with nano and microscales, composite, multilayered system, ceramic, metal, polymer, glass etc.) by spark plasma sintering; development of novel, specific, and multifunctional architectures (FGM, micro- and mesoporous composite structure, sandwiches) to tailor specific properties; studies of densification mechanisms and finite element modeling; electrothermal, mechanical, and microstructural (ETMM) of the SPS process for the elaboration of parts with complex shapes
Prof. Dr. Angel L. Ortiz
Website
Guest Editor
Department of Mechanical, Energy and Materials EngineeringUniversity of Extremadura, Badajoz 06006, Spain
Interests: ceramics; ceramic composites; ceramic thin-films and coatings; processing and sintering; mechanical properties; tribology; X-ray diffraction theory and methods; microstructural characterization; severe plastic deformation
Special Issues and Collections in MDPI journals
Dr. Koji Morita
Website
Guest Editor
National Institute for Materials Science Tsukuba, Tsukuba, Japan
Interests: structural ceramics; creep; superplasticity; sintering; spark-plasma-sintering (SPS); transparent ceramics

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

In recent decades, spark plasma sintering (SPS) and field-assisted sintering technology (FAST), which are both pressure-assisted pulsed direct current sintering processes belonging to electric current activated/assisted sintering (ECAS) techniques, have allowed hundreds of research laboratories and companies around the world to step forward to develop new materials with improved performance that could not have been manufactured using common sintering techniques. Among them, multifunctional nanomaterials with negligible grain growth and/or phase transformation at reduced temperatures, complex composites including novel fillers such as carbon nanotubes or graphene, or graded materials stand out. In addition, important efforts have been carried out to elucidate the mass transfer mechanisms occurring within the materials during the SPS process, also modeling the physical parameters that govern this sintering technique. Scaling up to manufacture larger specimens and tooling to produce dense complex parts has also been investigated.

This Special Issue is focused on novel research activities that closely combine the use of the SPS/FAST technique to produce new ceramic-based materials with improved properties (mechanical, electrical, thermal, tribological, etc.) for emerging applications. Theoretical studies and reviews will also be covered, and the Guest Editors encourage scientists investigating these topics to contribute to this Special Issue.

Dr. Manuel Belmonte
Dr. Claude Estournes
Prof. Dr. Angel L. Ortiz
Dr. Koji Morita

Guest Editors

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All papers will be peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Ceramics is an international peer-reviewed open access quarterly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 1000 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.

Keywords

  • Spark plasma sintering (SPS), HP-SPS, Flash-SPS
  • Field-assisted sintering technology (FAST)
  • Ceramics and nanoceramics
  • Ceramic composites and nanocomposites
  • Functionally-graded materials
  • Multimaterials
  • Mechanical/Tribological properties of SPSed ceramics
  • Functional properties of SPSed ceramics
  • Sintering mechanisms
  • Modeling

Published Papers (2 papers)

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Research

Open AccessArticle
Effect of SiC on Microstructure, Phase Evolution, and Mechanical Properties of Spark-Plasma-Sintered High-Entropy Ceramic Composite
Ceramics 2020, 3(3), 359-371; https://doi.org/10.3390/ceramics3030032 - 18 Sep 2020
Abstract
Ultra-high temperature ceramic composites have been widely investigated due to their improved sinterability and superior mechanical properties compared to monolithic ceramics. In this work, high-entropy boron-carbide ceramic/SiC composites with different SiC content were synthesized from multicomponent carbides HfC, Mo2C, TaC, TiC, [...] Read more.
Ultra-high temperature ceramic composites have been widely investigated due to their improved sinterability and superior mechanical properties compared to monolithic ceramics. In this work, high-entropy boron-carbide ceramic/SiC composites with different SiC content were synthesized from multicomponent carbides HfC, Mo2C, TaC, TiC, B4C, and SiC in spark plasma sintering (SPS) from 1600 °C to 2000 °C. It was found that the SiC addition tailors the phase formation and mechanical properties of the high-entropy ceramic (HEC) composites. The microhardness and fracture toughness of the HEC composites sintered at 2000 °C were improved from 20.3 GPa and 3.14 MPa·m1/2 to 26.9 GPa and 5.95 MPa·m1/2, with increasing SiC content from HEC-(SiC)0 (0 vol. %) to HEC-(SiC)3.0 (37 vol. %). The addition of SiC (37 vol. %) to the carbide precursors resulted in the formation of two high-entropy ceramic phases with two different crystal structures, face-centered cubic (FCC) structure, and hexagonal structure. The volume fraction ratio between the hexagonal and FCC high-entropy phases increased from 0.36 to 0.76 when SiC volume fraction was increased in the composites from HEC-(SiC)0 to HEC-(SiC)3.0, suggesting the stabilization of the hexagonal high-entropy phase over the FCC phase with SiC addition. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Spark Plasma Sintering Technology)
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Open AccessArticle
Manufacturing of Continuous Carbon Fiber Reinforced Aluminum by Spark Plasma Sintering
Ceramics 2020, 3(3), 265-275; https://doi.org/10.3390/ceramics3030024 - 30 Jun 2020
Abstract
In the field of metal matrix composites (MMC), spark plasma sintering (SPS) technique has been used so far for the manufacture of particle, whisker and short-fiber reinforced alloys. In this work, SPS technique is employed for the first time to produce continuous fiber [...] Read more.
In the field of metal matrix composites (MMC), spark plasma sintering (SPS) technique has been used so far for the manufacture of particle, whisker and short-fiber reinforced alloys. In this work, SPS technique is employed for the first time to produce continuous fiber reinforced light metals. For this purpose, metal matrix composite prepregs with aluminum as a surface coating on carbon fiber textiles are manufactured by twin arc wire spraying and subsequently consolidated by SPS in the semi-solid temperature range of the alloy. Shear thinning rheological behavior of the metal alloy at temperatures between solidus and liquidus enables the infiltration of fiber rovings under reduced forming loads. SPS offered a better controlled and more efficient heat transfer in the green body and faster consolidation cycles in comparison with alternative densification methods. Fully densified samples with no porosity proved the suitability of SPS for densification of MMC with a remarkable stiffness increase in comparison with samples densified by thixoforging, an alternative consolidation method. However, the pulse activated sintering process leads to a quite strong fiber/matrix adhesion with evidence of aluminum carbide formation. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Spark Plasma Sintering Technology)
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Planned Papers

The below list represents only planned manuscripts. Some of these manuscripts have not been received by the Editorial Office yet. Papers submitted to MDPI journals are subject to peer-review.

Tentative Title: Unconventional processing using Spark Plasma Sintering
Author: Arvind Agarwal et al.

Tentative Title: Effect of high pressure-Spark Plasma Sintering on the densification of TiO2 rutile
Author:
Gilbert Fantozzi et al.

Tentative Title: Micro/nano mechanical and tribological properties of spark plasma sintered Al2O3 + ZrO2 +BN composites
Author: Jan Dusza et al.

Tentative Title: Recent Spark Plasma Sintering(SPS) Method, Systems and Industrial Applications
Author:
Masao Tokita et al.

Tentative Title: Overview of spark plasma texturing of functional ceramics
Author: Jacques Noudem et al.

Tentative Title: Manufacturing of continuous carbon fiber reinforced aluminum by Spark Plasma Sintering
Author:
Rainer Gadaow et al.

Tentative Title: Functionally graded ceramic/graphene composites developed by Spark Plasma Sintering
Author: Manuel Belmonte et al.

Tentative Title: Fabrication of polycrystalline transparent ceramics through Spark-Plasma-Sintering Technology
Author:
Koji Morita et al.

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