Special Issue "Enzymes in Sustainable Chemistry"

A special issue of Catalysts (ISSN 2073-4344). This special issue belongs to the section "Biocatalysis".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: 30 September 2020.

Special Issue Editors

Prof. Dr. Jose M. Palomo
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Guest Editor
Group of Chemical Biology and Biocatalysis
Departament of Biocatalysis, Institute of Catalysis (ICP-CSIC), Marie Curie 2, Cantoblanco, Campus UAM, 28049 Madrid, Spain
Interests: protein chemistry; nanocatalysis; biotransformations; biocatalysis; carbohydrate chemistry; chemical biology
Special Issues and Collections in MDPI journals
Prof. Dr. Cesar Mateo
Website
Guest Editor
CSIC - Instituto de Catálisis y Petroleoquímica (ICP), Madrid, Spain
Interests: biocatalysis; CO2 transformation; redox processes; cofactor regeneration; enzyme immobilization
Special Issues and Collections in MDPI journals

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

Enzymes as biocatalysts offer a number of advantages for a sustainable chemical industry, such as moderate reaction conditions, biodegradability, high selectivity, and, therefore, low byproduct formation. Thus, enzymes are already widely used in the food, textile, cleaning and detergent, chemical, and pharmaceutical industries. However, the development of novel strategies to create new enzymes with improved properties such as stability or selectivity is required for use in chemical processes. Likewise, the implementation and improvement of new technologies of the application of the enzymes in new reactions, especially in more sustainable way, is mandatory in a circular economy and in the fight against climate change.

This Special Issue will be focused on innovative and novel research in the design and application of enzymes (biological catalysts) in sustainable chemical processes.

Prof. Dr. Jose M. Palomo
Prof. Dr. Cesar Mateo
Guest Editors

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All papers will be peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Catalysts is an international peer-reviewed open access monthly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 1800 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.

Keywords

  • protein chemistry
  • enzymes
  • enantioselectivity
  • regioselectivity
  • drug intermediates
  • homogeneous catalysis
  • heterogeneous catalysis
  • biocatalysis
  • biotransformations
  • aqueous media
  • carbohydrate chemistry
  • food chemistry
  • organic chemistry
  • pharmaceutical chemistry

Published Papers (2 papers)

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Research

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Open AccessFeature PaperArticle
High Degradation of Trichloroethylene in Water by Nanostructured [email protected] Biohybrid Catalysts
Catalysts 2020, 10(7), 753; https://doi.org/10.3390/catal10070753 - 07 Jul 2020
Abstract
In this study, a methodology was developed for the rapid degradation of trichloroethylene (TCE) and 1,1-dichloroethylene (1,1-DCE) in distilled water and room temperature without the production of toxic chlorinated by-products. This process was carried out using bionanohybrids of different metals (Pd, Fe, Cu [...] Read more.
In this study, a methodology was developed for the rapid degradation of trichloroethylene (TCE) and 1,1-dichloroethylene (1,1-DCE) in distilled water and room temperature without the production of toxic chlorinated by-products. This process was carried out using bionanohybrids of different metals (Pd, Fe, Cu and Zn) obtained by enzyme–metal coordination called [email protected], which present different metal species and nanoparticle sizes. The Cu2[email protected] biohybrid, which contained Cu2O nanoparticles, showed excellent catalytic performance in TCE degradation by removing 95% (>125 ppm) in 10 min using 1.5 g/L of catalyst. On the other hand, in the degradation reaction of 1,1-DCE, Cu2[email protected] eliminated 94% (93 ppm) in 1 min. Cu2[email protected] exhibited excellent stability and recyclability under sustainable conditions, maintaining its effectiveness in more than 90% for three cycles. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Enzymes in Sustainable Chemistry)
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Review

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Open AccessFeature PaperReview
Recent Trends in Biomaterials for Immobilization of Lipases for Application in Non-Conventional Media
Catalysts 2020, 10(6), 697; https://doi.org/10.3390/catal10060697 - 20 Jun 2020
Abstract
The utilization of biomaterials as novel carrier materials for lipase immobilization has been investigated by many research groups over recent years. Biomaterials such as agarose, starch, chitin, chitosan, cellulose, and their derivatives have been extensively studied since they are non-toxic materials, can be [...] Read more.
The utilization of biomaterials as novel carrier materials for lipase immobilization has been investigated by many research groups over recent years. Biomaterials such as agarose, starch, chitin, chitosan, cellulose, and their derivatives have been extensively studied since they are non-toxic materials, can be obtained from a wide range of sources and are easy to modify, due to the high variety of functional groups on their surfaces. However, although many lipases have been immobilized on biomaterials and have shown potential for application in biocatalysis, special features are required when the biocatalyst is used in non-conventional media, for example, in organic solvents, which are required for most reactions in organic synthesis. In this article, we discuss the use of biomaterials for lipase immobilization, highlighting recent developments in the synthesis and functionalization of biomaterials using different methods. Examples of effective strategies designed to result in improved activity and stability and drawbacks of the different immobilization protocols are discussed. Furthermore, the versatility of different biocatalysts for the production of compounds of interest in organic synthesis is also described. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Enzymes in Sustainable Chemistry)
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