2nd Edition of Diversity of Soil Fungal Communities

A special issue of Biology (ISSN 2079-7737). This special issue belongs to the section "Ecology".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: closed (30 April 2023) | Viewed by 2734

Special Issue Editors


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Guest Editor
Department of Ecological and Biological Sciences, University of Tuscia, Viterbo, Italy
Interests: soil communities; microbial ecology; molecular ecology; mycology; extreme environments; Antarctica; Arctic
Special Issues, Collections and Topics in MDPI journals

E-Mail Website
Guest Editor
Department of Ecological and Biological Science, Università degli Studi della Tuscia Viterbo, Viterbo, Italy
Interests: mycology; microbial ecology; soil communities; extreme environments; antarctica; arctic; cultural heritage
Special Issues, Collections and Topics in MDPI journals

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

After the success of the previous Special Issue, “Diversity of Soil Fungal Communities”, we are glad to invite researchers to contribute to its second edition. Similarly, the aim of this Special Issue is to collect a series of articles related to fungal diversity in all possible terrestrial environments.

Fungi, acting as symbionts (mycorrhizae, endophytes, and lichens), pathogens, and decomposers, dominate the microbial biomass in all terrestrial environments. They play key roles in the functioning of ecosystems, influencing plant primary production, elements mineralization and sequestration, soil structure, and fertility and regulating of the soil carbon balance. Recently, the number of fungal species on Earth was estimated to be around 12 million, the majority of which have not yet been discovered. A number of novel taxa have been established in the last decade, and high-throughput sequencing techniques are expected to reveal this potential enormous diversity in the near future. Besides the fungal diversity, the mechanisms governing the microbial community processes and how they influence the ecological communities also remain poorly understood. These gaps make this research field of extreme interest, particularly in the light of the wide metabolic potential already demonstrated for soil fungi. Additionally, due to the still limited knowledge of this kingdom, it is difficult to comprehensively assess the influence of environmental changes on terrestrial fungal communities of different biomes in terms of the adaptation, migration, acclimatization, and extinction of their components.

This Special Issue encourages the submission of original research papers and review manuscripts dealing with the composition, evolution, and adaptations of soil fungal communities and the environmental conditions determining their establishment and survival, aiming to gain the widest possible vision of these ecosystems.

Dr. Fabiana Canini
Prof. Dr. Laura Zucconi
Guest Editors

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All submissions that pass pre-check are peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Biology is an international peer-reviewed open access monthly journal published by MDPI.

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Keywords

  • ecology
  • mycology
  • soil communities
  • adaptation
  • evolution

Published Papers (1 paper)

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Research

13 pages, 9296 KiB  
Article
Soil Fungal Diversity and Ecology Assessed Using DNA Metabarcoding along a Deglaciated Chronosequence at Clearwater Mesa, James Ross Island, Antarctic Peninsula
by Vivian N. Gonçalves, Juan M. Lirio, Silvia H. Coria, Fabyano A. C. Lopes, Peter Convey, Fábio S. de Oliveira, Micheline Carvalho-Silva, Paulo E. A. S. Câmara and Luiz H. Rosa
Biology 2023, 12(2), 275; https://doi.org/10.3390/biology12020275 - 9 Feb 2023
Cited by 5 | Viewed by 2218
Abstract
We studied the fungal diversity present in soils sampled along a deglaciated chronosequence from para- to periglacial conditions on James Ross Island, north-east Antarctic Peninsula, using DNA metabarcoding. A total of 88 amplicon sequence variants (ASVs) were detected, dominated by the phyla Ascomycota [...] Read more.
We studied the fungal diversity present in soils sampled along a deglaciated chronosequence from para- to periglacial conditions on James Ross Island, north-east Antarctic Peninsula, using DNA metabarcoding. A total of 88 amplicon sequence variants (ASVs) were detected, dominated by the phyla Ascomycota, Basidiomycota and Mortierellomycota. The uncommon phyla Chytridiomycota, Rozellomycota, Monoblepharomycota, Zoopagomycota and Basidiobolomycota were detected. Unknown fungi identified at higher hierarchical taxonomic levels (Fungal sp. 1, Fungal sp. 2, Spizellomycetales sp. and Rozellomycotina sp.) and taxa identified at generic and specific levels (Mortierella sp., Pseudogymnoascus sp., Mortierella alpina, M. turficola, Neoascochyta paspali, Penicillium sp. and Betamyces sp.) dominated the assemblages. In general, the assemblages displayed high diversity and richness, and moderate dominance. Only 12 of the fungal ASVs were detected in all chronosequence soils sampled. Sequences representing saprophytic, pathogenic and symbiotic fungi were detected. Based on the sequence diversity obtained, Clearwater Mesa soils contain a complex fungal community, including the presence of fungal groups generally considered rare in Antarctica, with dominant taxa recognized as cold-adapted cosmopolitan, endemic, saprotrophic and phytopathogenic fungi. Clearwater Mesa ecosystems are impacted by the effects of regional climatic changes, and may provide a natural observatory to understand climate change effects over time. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue 2nd Edition of Diversity of Soil Fungal Communities)
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