Physical Activity and Health: Social Psychology Perspective

A special issue of Behavioral Sciences (ISSN 2076-328X). This special issue belongs to the section "Social Psychology".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: 31 August 2024 | Viewed by 27697

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Guest Editor
Research Group in Environment, Physical Activity and Health, Federal University of Technology – Parana, Curitiba 81310-900, Brazil
Interests: determinants of physical activity, sedentary behavior, and health
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Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

Physical activity is a behavior of great significance in the context of societies around the world. Promoting an active lifestyle has been used to improve health standards and quality of life, in which physical activity has been widely encouraged because of its physical and psychosocial benefits. From a global perspective, the research contributes to the broad understanding of behavior for developing new interventions that promote health. This Special Issue aims at advancing the literature on "Physical Activity and Health: Social Psychology Perspective" from interdisciplinary perspectives. We, therefore, welcome theoretical or empirical contributions that broaden the knowledge on those factors as social mechanisms of physical activity promotion.

Prof. Dr. Rogério César Fermino
Guest Editor

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Keywords

  • physical activity
  • health promotion
  • social psychology perspective
  • determinants

Published Papers (16 papers)

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Editorial

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2 pages, 189 KiB  
Editorial
Physical Activity and Health: Social Psychology Perspective
by Rogério César Fermino
Behav. Sci. 2023, 13(4), 286; https://doi.org/10.3390/bs13040286 - 27 Mar 2023
Cited by 1 | Viewed by 1277
Abstract
Physical inactivity is a significant global health problem [...] Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Physical Activity and Health: Social Psychology Perspective)

Research

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16 pages, 815 KiB  
Article
An Empirical Investigation into the Impact of Social Media Fitness Videos on Users’ Exercise Intentions
by He Yin, Xin Huang and Guangming Zhou
Behav. Sci. 2024, 14(3), 157; https://doi.org/10.3390/bs14030157 - 21 Feb 2024
Viewed by 1476
Abstract
Social media fitness influencers are driving the maturation of online fitness, which is especially significant in the current era of globally decreasing levels of physical activity. However, there is a paucity of research on online fitness videos, and the mechanism of influence of [...] Read more.
Social media fitness influencers are driving the maturation of online fitness, which is especially significant in the current era of globally decreasing levels of physical activity. However, there is a paucity of research on online fitness videos, and the mechanism of influence of fitness videos on exercise intention is not well understood. Therefore, based on the stimulus–organism–response (S-O-R) theoretical framework, this study extends the source credibility theory to the field of fitness and adds an examination of the content quality and electronic word-of-mouth of fitness videos to explore how fitness videos motivate users to participate in physical exercise. Through an online survey, 367 valid samples were collected and validated using a structural equation model. The results showed that the three elements contained in source credibility theory have inconsistent importance in the fitness field, with trustworthiness being the most important, followed by attractiveness, and the influence of expertise is not significant. In summary, the attributes of social media fitness influencers, including trustworthiness and physical attractiveness, as well as the content quality and electronic word-of-mouth of their fitness videos, may lead to viewers’ trust and perception of the usefulness of the videos and, furthermore, lead to exercise intention. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Physical Activity and Health: Social Psychology Perspective)
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15 pages, 1806 KiB  
Article
Effect of Participation Motivation in Sports Climbing on Leisure Satisfaction and Physical Self-Efficacy
by Sheng Yen Lee, Sa Man Kim, Ryang Suk Lee and Ik Ryeul Park
Behav. Sci. 2024, 14(1), 76; https://doi.org/10.3390/bs14010076 - 22 Jan 2024
Cited by 1 | Viewed by 1788
Abstract
This study aimed to verify the effects of participation motivation in sports climbing on leisure satisfaction and physical self-efficacy. Structural equation modeling was used to analyze the causal relationships between participation motivation in sports climbing, leisure satisfaction, and physical self-efficacy, and to determine [...] Read more.
This study aimed to verify the effects of participation motivation in sports climbing on leisure satisfaction and physical self-efficacy. Structural equation modeling was used to analyze the causal relationships between participation motivation in sports climbing, leisure satisfaction, and physical self-efficacy, and to determine participation motivation. This study examined this causal relationship by verifying leisure satisfaction’s mediating effect on the relationship between participation motivation in sports climbing and physical self-efficacy. The participants of this study included 324 individuals over the age of 20 years with at least three months of sports climbing experience in the Seoul and Gyeonggi regions. The results indicated that among the subfactors of participation motivation in sports climbing, only skill acquisition and achievement positively affected leisure satisfaction, that leisure satisfaction positively affected physical self-efficacy, and that leisure satisfaction mediated the relationship between skill acquisition and achievement among the subfactors of participation motivation in sports climbing and physical self-efficacy. This study indicated that improved leisure satisfaction through sports climbing increases physical self-efficacy, including perceived improvement in physical abilities and confidence in interpersonal relationships. Accordingly, to expand and sustain participation, a systematic system for sports climbing instruction and educational programs is required to increase skill acquisition and a sense of accomplishment. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Physical Activity and Health: Social Psychology Perspective)
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14 pages, 1449 KiB  
Article
The Relationship between Physical Activity and Psychosocial Well-Being during and after COVID-19 Lockdown
by Anna Rosa Donizzetti
Behav. Sci. 2023, 13(12), 986; https://doi.org/10.3390/bs13120986 - 29 Nov 2023
Cited by 1 | Viewed by 1322
Abstract
The COVID-19 pandemic was an extremely critical event that had a major impact on the physical and mental health of the world’s population. The aim of the present work is to investigate whether physical activity plays a protective role in well-being both during [...] Read more.
The COVID-19 pandemic was an extremely critical event that had a major impact on the physical and mental health of the world’s population. The aim of the present work is to investigate whether physical activity plays a protective role in well-being both during the lockdown and afterwards, also assessing the role played by self-efficacy and perception of the risk of contracting COVID-19, as well as past behavior. To this end, two studies were conducted, the first close to lockdown (N = 1061; 76.3% females; mean age = 37.3—range: 18–80) and the second 2 years later (N = 562; 71.0% females; mean age = 33.2—range: 18–76). Descriptive and correlational analyses were performed, along with structural equation modelling. The results confirm the hypothesis of a positive impact of physical activity on emotional well-being alone during lockdown and on more general psychosocial well-being 2 years later. This result showed that physical activity during the pandemic represented an avoidance strategy from the psychological distress that COVID-19 was generating, whereas 2 years later, it represents a proactive strategy aimed at generating a positive mental health condition. These results provide a better understanding of the role physical activity plays in well-being by representing a resource for protecting as well as promoting the mental health of individuals. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Physical Activity and Health: Social Psychology Perspective)
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13 pages, 466 KiB  
Article
The Subjective Experiences of Driving Cessation and Life Satisfaction
by Young-Sun Kim, Hyeri Shin and Sarang Um
Behav. Sci. 2023, 13(10), 868; https://doi.org/10.3390/bs13100868 - 23 Oct 2023
Viewed by 1054
Abstract
Compared to the driving group, the driving cessation group in this study was found to be a high-risk population in terms of their life satisfaction. This study evaluated data from 315 older adults, aged 55 or older, using the 2018 Korean Older Adults [...] Read more.
Compared to the driving group, the driving cessation group in this study was found to be a high-risk population in terms of their life satisfaction. This study evaluated data from 315 older adults, aged 55 or older, using the 2018 Korean Older Adults Driving and Mobility Service Trend Survey. These data were collected from 17 representative cities and provinces in South Korea. To minimize the potential for selection bias and the confounding factors inherent in observational studies, this study employed the propensity score matching (PSM) method. Following the matching, multivariate regression analyses were conducted to compare the driving cessation group (n = 65) with the driving group (n = 50) in terms of their life satisfaction. After adjusting for demographic and health-related variables, the older adults who had ceased driving were found to have lower life satisfaction (Coef. = −1.39, p-value = 0.018). Our results highlight the importance of establishing preliminary evidence to guide the development of tailored programs for older adults—especially for those likely to experience diminished life satisfaction and heightened risk—to address the mobility challenges stemming from driving cessation. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Physical Activity and Health: Social Psychology Perspective)
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15 pages, 1200 KiB  
Article
Association of Public Sports Space Perception with Health-Related Quality of Life in Middle-Aged and Older Adults—Evidence from a Survey in Shandong, China
by Chenchen Liu, Yan Gao, Zhihao Jia and Liangyu Zhao
Behav. Sci. 2023, 13(9), 736; https://doi.org/10.3390/bs13090736 - 4 Sep 2023
Viewed by 1254
Abstract
Creating a healthy living environment for middle-aged and older adults is a key strategy for countries to address the aging challenge, but the effects of such an environment on the health-related quality of life (HRQoL) of middle-aged and older adults remain underexplored. This [...] Read more.
Creating a healthy living environment for middle-aged and older adults is a key strategy for countries to address the aging challenge, but the effects of such an environment on the health-related quality of life (HRQoL) of middle-aged and older adults remain underexplored. This study aimed to examine the link between public sports facilities and the HRQoL of middle-aged and older adult residents in communities. A total of 1169 respondents (average age: 66.84; male: 46.19%) were selected from the Shandong, China. This study measured respondents ‘physical activity (PA) using the International Physical Activity Questionnaire, the HRQoL of respondents using the 36-item Short Form Health Survey, and the Public Sports Space Perception Scale for respondents’ public sports space perception. Correlation analysis and logistic regression analysis were employed to test the relationship among public sports space perception, physical activity (PA), and HRQoL. The mediating role of PA was conducted using the PROCESS macro for SPSS. The results revealed that public sports space perception only influenced the HRQoL of middle-aged and older adults through light-intensity PA (PCS: B  =  0.09, 95% CI 0.01, 0.03; MCS: B  =  0.02, 95% CI 0.01, 0.05) among light-intensity PA, moderate-intensity PA, vigorous-intensity PA., and this mediation model varied across different age groups of middle-aged and older adults. Moreover, digital inclusion only moderated the psychological aspect of HRQoL of middle-aged and older adults (p < 0.05). This study provided empirical evidence for enhancing the HRQoL of middle-aged and older adults and offered useful insights for the planning and design of public sports facilities and the formulation of health management policies for middle-aged and older adults. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Physical Activity and Health: Social Psychology Perspective)
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16 pages, 612 KiB  
Article
What Is the Contribution of Community Programs to the Physical Activity of Women? A Study Based on Public Open Spaces in Brazil
by Eduardo Irineu Bortoli Funez, Alice Tatiane da Silva, Letícia Pechnicki dos Santos, Ciro Romelio Rodriguez-Añez, Alexandre Augusto de Paula da Silva and Rogério César Fermino
Behav. Sci. 2023, 13(9), 718; https://doi.org/10.3390/bs13090718 - 29 Aug 2023
Viewed by 921
Abstract
Community programs can facilitate the access of vulnerable subgroups to physical activity (PA). This study analyzed the relationship between sociodemographic characteristics, health conditions, public open spaces (POS) usage, and women’s PA. The 155 participants were assiduous in taking part in PA classes in [...] Read more.
Community programs can facilitate the access of vulnerable subgroups to physical activity (PA). This study analyzed the relationship between sociodemographic characteristics, health conditions, public open spaces (POS) usage, and women’s PA. The 155 participants were assiduous in taking part in PA classes in POS in São José dos Pinhais, Brazil. The accelerometer-based PA measures identified four outcomes: (1) daily light-intensity PA (LPA), (2) daily moderate-to-vigorous intensity PA (MVPA), (3) LPA in POS, and (4) MVPA in POS. Linear regression, and the Durbin–Watson and Mann–Whitney U tests were used for data analysis in STATA software. The main results showed that the weekly frequency (β: 10.9, p < 0.01) and intensity of the main activity in the POS (β: 22.4, p < 0.05) were related to daily MVPA. Economic level and length of stay in the POS were positively related to the LPA performed (p < 0.05). Weekly frequency (β: 2.4, p < 0.01), length of stay (β: 11.0, p < 0.01), and intensity of PA practiced in the POS (β: 5.9, p < 0.05) showed a positive relationship with MVPA in the POS. In conclusion, there was a positive relationship between some analyzed variables and PA of different intensities, especially the consistent relationship between weekly frequency of POS usage and MVPA. Participation in structured PA classes in a community program can contribute to an increase of 47 min of daily MVPA. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Physical Activity and Health: Social Psychology Perspective)
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13 pages, 1073 KiB  
Article
Purchase Channels and Motivation for Exercise in the Slovenian Population: Customer Behavior as a Guarantee of Fitness Center Sustainability
by Vojko Vuckovic, Ivan Cuk and Sasa Duric
Behav. Sci. 2023, 13(6), 447; https://doi.org/10.3390/bs13060447 - 28 May 2023
Cited by 2 | Viewed by 1790
Abstract
The sustainability of fitness centers depends on two factors: member recruitment and retention, which is why these factors have received attention in recent decades. Temporal trends in fitness center membership purchase channels from 2016 to 2022 and motivation for exercise in 2022 in [...] Read more.
The sustainability of fitness centers depends on two factors: member recruitment and retention, which is why these factors have received attention in recent decades. Temporal trends in fitness center membership purchase channels from 2016 to 2022 and motivation for exercise in 2022 in the Slovenian general population were investigated. The sample included 3419 participants, including 3131 participants (age 31.03 ± 11.31 years, 1430 females) and 288 participants (age 29.39 ± 10.43 years, 110 females) for the first and second objectives, respectively. Data were assessed using a web-based recruitment questionnaire and the EMI-2 motivation questionnaire. Traditional advertising strategies such as radio and flyers are the least effective (only 0.9% of memberships in 2022), while more sophisticated advertising strategies such as the internet and social media are becoming increasingly important in the advertising world (26.6% of memberships in 2022). On the other hand, word of mouth is the most influential method, attracting 51.3% of new members. Females, older members, and Eastern Slovenians were more motivated to exercise by health and esthetic motives, and males and younger members by challenge and competition. Fitness center management should focus on providing the best possible quality of service, tailoring it to the age, gender, and motivation of customers. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Physical Activity and Health: Social Psychology Perspective)
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20 pages, 4816 KiB  
Article
Effects of the Interactive Features of Virtual Partner on Individual Exercise Level and Exercise Perception
by Yinghao Wang, Mengsi Zhang, Jianfeng Wu, Haonan Zhang, Hongchun Yang, Songyang Guo, Zishuo Lin and Chunfu Lu
Behav. Sci. 2023, 13(5), 434; https://doi.org/10.3390/bs13050434 - 21 May 2023
Cited by 1 | Viewed by 1513
Abstract
Background: We designed an exercise system in which the user is accompanied by a virtual partner (VP) and tested bodyweight squat performance with different interactive VP features to explore the comprehensive impact of these VP features on the individual’s exercise level (EL) and [...] Read more.
Background: We designed an exercise system in which the user is accompanied by a virtual partner (VP) and tested bodyweight squat performance with different interactive VP features to explore the comprehensive impact of these VP features on the individual’s exercise level (EL) and exercise perception. Methods: This experiment used three interactive features of VP, including body movement (BM), eye gaze (EG), and sports performance (SP), as independent variables, and the exercise level (EL), subjective exercise enjoyment, attitude toward the team formed with the VP, and local muscle fatigue degree of the exerciser as observational indicators. We designed a 2 (with or without VP’s BM) × 2 (with or without VP’s EG) × 2 (with or without VP’s SP) within-participants factorial experiment. A total of 40 college students were invited to complete 320 groups of experiments. Results: (1) Regarding EL, the main effects of BM and SP were significant (p < 0.001). The pairwise interaction effects of the three independent variables on EL were all significant (p < 0.05). (2) Regarding exercise perception, the main effects of BM (p < 0.001) and EG (p < 0.001) on subjective exercise enjoyment were significant. The main effect of BM on the attitude toward the sports team formed with the VP was significant (p < 0.001). The interaction effect of BM and SP on the attitude toward the sports team formed with the VP was significant (p < 0.001). (3) Regarding the degree of local muscle fatigue, the main effects of BM, EG, and SP and their interaction effects were not significant (p > 0.05). Conclusion: BM and EG from the VP elevate EL and exercise perception during squat exercises, while the VP with SP inhibited the EL and harmed exercise perception. The conclusions of this study can provide references to guide the interactive design of VP-accompanied exercise systems. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Physical Activity and Health: Social Psychology Perspective)
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11 pages, 317 KiB  
Article
Analysis of Academic Psychological Variables, Physical Education, and Physical Activity Levels of Mexican Students
by Raúl Baños, Roberto Espinoza-Gutiérrez, Juan José Calleja-Núñez and Gloria Rodríguez-Cifuentes
Behav. Sci. 2023, 13(3), 271; https://doi.org/10.3390/bs13030271 - 20 Mar 2023
Cited by 1 | Viewed by 1452
Abstract
Physical inactivity is a current worldwide, and especially Mexican adolescents. Therefore, this study has the following objectives: (i) to analyze the PA-LT pattern of Mexican adolescents; (ii) to analyze whether there are differences in emotional intelligence, basic psychological needs, academic motivation, self-esteem, and [...] Read more.
Physical inactivity is a current worldwide, and especially Mexican adolescents. Therefore, this study has the following objectives: (i) to analyze the PA-LT pattern of Mexican adolescents; (ii) to analyze whether there are differences in emotional intelligence, basic psychological needs, academic motivation, self-esteem, and academic satisfaction according to the PA-LT pattern; (iii) to analyze the relationship between emotional intelligence, basic psychological needs, academic motivation, self-esteem, and academic satisfaction. A total of 748 secondary school students participated, of which 374 were girls (Mean age = 13.99; SD = 0.30) and 374 boys (Mean age = 14.02; SD = 0.33). The questionnaire comprised the following scales: IE, NPB-ESC, EMA, EA, and SIE. The main results obtained show that none of the girls stick to any active physical activity pattern during their spare time. In addition, physically active boys obtained better scores in emotional clarity, emotional repair, perception of academic competence, perception of social relationships, extrinsic motivation, intrinsic motivation, self-esteem, and satisfaction with school. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Physical Activity and Health: Social Psychology Perspective)
13 pages, 945 KiB  
Article
The Relationship between Exercise Re-Participation Intention Based on the Sports-Socialization Process: YouTube Sports Content Intervention
by Youngtaek Oh
Behav. Sci. 2023, 13(2), 187; https://doi.org/10.3390/bs13020187 - 18 Feb 2023
Cited by 3 | Viewed by 1953
Abstract
Few studies have used a quantitative research methodology to examine the socialization process model, and such studies were conducted to verify a new model by intervening in the variables of YouTube sports content. To understand this process, we tested the moderated mediating effect [...] Read more.
Few studies have used a quantitative research methodology to examine the socialization process model, and such studies were conducted to verify a new model by intervening in the variables of YouTube sports content. To understand this process, we tested the moderated mediating effect by intervening in YouTube sports content based on the sports socialization process model. We recruited 274 participants from the Jeju Residents’ Jeju Sports Festival, Korea. The PROCESS Macro program was performed to test the research hypotheses. The findings indicate that social support had a significant effect on re-participation intention. Social support had a significant mediation effect on exercise interruption intention, re-participation intention, and exercise performance satisfaction. Furthermore, through the relationship between social support and exercise interruption intention, YouTube sports content showed a significant interaction of re-participation intention in exercise. These results extend sports socialization theory by discovering a new model that explains the relationship between the sports socialization process and YouTube sports content. In addition, it will provide a basis for delivering educational information to the public so that they can recognize the importance of physical activity and exercise skills. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Physical Activity and Health: Social Psychology Perspective)
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13 pages, 803 KiB  
Article
Keep Moving to Retain the Healthy Self: The Influence of Physical Exercise in Health Anxiety among Chinese Menopausal Women
by Huilin Wang, Qingxing Zhang, Yapeng Lin, Yang Liu, Ziqing Xu and Jingyu Yang
Behav. Sci. 2023, 13(2), 140; https://doi.org/10.3390/bs13020140 - 7 Feb 2023
Cited by 4 | Viewed by 1942
Abstract
Menopause is a period of high incidence of chronic diseases. Women experience various physical and psychological discomforts during menopause, and hormonal changes exacerbate mood swings in menopausal women and also cause them to begin to experience excessive worry and anxiety about their health [...] Read more.
Menopause is a period of high incidence of chronic diseases. Women experience various physical and psychological discomforts during menopause, and hormonal changes exacerbate mood swings in menopausal women and also cause them to begin to experience excessive worry and anxiety about their health problems. This study was a cross-sectional survey investigating the relationship between physical activity and women’s health anxiety. Using cluster sampling, a valid sample of 455 females aged 45–50 was collected from 78 communities in five municipal districts in Changsha, China, and AMOS v.23 was adopted to construct a structural equation model to verify the hypotheses. The results indicate that interpersonal competence and emotional intelligence are negatively associated with health anxiety. Furthermore, interpersonal competence and emotional intelligence mediate the relationship between physical exercise and health anxiety, which means that menopausal women with more physical exercise, higher interpersonal competence, and higher emotional intelligence reported lower health anxiety. Finally, to alleviate menopausal women’s health anxiety and reduce their risk of chronic diseases, the government, community, and family should create conditions and opportunities for women to participate in group physical activities. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Physical Activity and Health: Social Psychology Perspective)
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11 pages, 917 KiB  
Article
The Impact of Clinical Pilates Exercises on Tension-Type Headaches: A Case Series
by Agathe Leite, Antoine Matignon, Léa Marlot, Ana Coelho, Sofia Lopes and Gabriela Brochado
Behav. Sci. 2023, 13(2), 105; https://doi.org/10.3390/bs13020105 - 27 Jan 2023
Viewed by 1877
Abstract
Tension-type-headaches appear as the third most common disease in the general population and have a big impact on quality of life. The aim is to verify the impact of clinical Pilates exercises on pain intensity, impact headaches, neck disability, state of anxiety, depression, [...] Read more.
Tension-type-headaches appear as the third most common disease in the general population and have a big impact on quality of life. The aim is to verify the impact of clinical Pilates exercises on pain intensity, impact headaches, neck disability, state of anxiety, depression, stress and quality of sleep in higher-education students. After a sample selection questionnaire was completed, a series of cases was carried out with 9 undergraduate students with tension-type headaches. Five instruments were applied before and after an intervention program: (i) Numerical Rating Scale—NRS, (ii) Headache Impact Test—HIT-6™, (iii) Neck Disability Index, (iv) Depression, Anxiety, Stress Scales and (v) Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index. Four sessions of 30 min classes of Pilates exercises were held for 2 weeks. The pain intensity decreased in only 2 participants. The impact of tension-type headaches on normal daily life and ability to function was improved in all patients, and only one patient’s functional disability caused by pain in the cervical region did not improve. In regard to negative emotional states, 6 individuals reported improvements, and only one individual reported a lower quality of sleep after the program. The exercise program can induce positive effects on disorders associated with tension-type-headaches. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Physical Activity and Health: Social Psychology Perspective)
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14 pages, 1695 KiB  
Article
Impact of Subjective and Objective Factors on Bus Travel Intention
by Qi Chen, Yibo Yan, Xu Zhang and Jian Chen
Behav. Sci. 2022, 12(11), 462; https://doi.org/10.3390/bs12110462 - 19 Nov 2022
Cited by 2 | Viewed by 1884
Abstract
Given the lack of quantitative descriptions on the interaction between psychological factors and the built environment in existing urban bus travel behavior, this study examines the simultaneous influences of the objective-built environment and subjective psychological factors on bus travel intentions. An empirical study [...] Read more.
Given the lack of quantitative descriptions on the interaction between psychological factors and the built environment in existing urban bus travel behavior, this study examines the simultaneous influences of the objective-built environment and subjective psychological factors on bus travel intentions. An empirical study on the influence path of bus travel intention was conducted using structural equation modeling. Then, personal attribute factors were introduced, and a linear regression model was used to explore the influence of behavioral intentions. This study uses 410 investigated samples from the residents in Zhengzhou, China. The findings proved that psychological factors play mediating roles between the travel environment and its impact on travel behaviors and confirms the validity of the description of the measurement variable with respect to the bus travel intentions proposed in the study. We also found that the retirement factor among the personal attribute factors could significantly affect bus travel intentions, which means that the retired group prefers to use buses for traveling. This study shows innovations in catching the intermediary effect of psychological factors between the built environment and travel behavior while also quantifying the effects of both subjective and objective factors when choosing bus travel. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Physical Activity and Health: Social Psychology Perspective)
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Review

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9 pages, 595 KiB  
Review
Effectiveness of the 5A Counseling Model-Based Interventions on Physical Activity Indicators in Adults: A Systematic Review
by Paulo Henrique Guerra, Letícia Aparecida Calderão Sposito, Filipe Ferreira da Costa, Rogério César Fermino, Camila Bosquiero Papini and Cassiano Ricardo Rech
Behav. Sci. 2023, 13(6), 476; https://doi.org/10.3390/bs13060476 - 6 Jun 2023
Viewed by 1407
Abstract
Background: To identify and appraise the effectiveness of the 5A-counseling-model-based interventions on indicators of physical activity in adults. Methods: A systematic review was conducted from systematic searches in Embase, Lilacs, Pubmed, Scielo, Scopus, Sportdiscus and Web of Science, involving studies published from its [...] Read more.
Background: To identify and appraise the effectiveness of the 5A-counseling-model-based interventions on indicators of physical activity in adults. Methods: A systematic review was conducted from systematic searches in Embase, Lilacs, Pubmed, Scielo, Scopus, Sportdiscus and Web of Science, involving studies published from its inception until May 2022. To avoid potential losses, searches also were made in Google Scholar and in reference lists. The assessment of studies, data extraction, and synthesis were carried out independently by two researchers. Results: Four studies composed the synthesis, which involved people with an average age between 40 and 55 years, most of the samples being women. It was observed that counseling was carried out in conjunction with other strategies, such as drawing up an action plan, sending text messages, and offering educational material. Only one study showed a statistically significant difference between the intervention and control groups in the “daily number of steps” indicator. Conclusions: Based on available studies, 5A-counseling-model-based interventions did not reflect significant findings in relation to physical activity. However, given the potential of the model, future studies are recommended with a better description of the strategies, as well as a more robust methodology, to strengthen the evidence. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Physical Activity and Health: Social Psychology Perspective)
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Other

12 pages, 512 KiB  
Study Protocol
A Classroom-Based Intervention to Promote Physical Literacy in Children: ALPHYL Study Protocol
by Isaac Estevan, Xavier García-Massó, Cristina Menescardi, Nuria Ortega-Benavent, Sergio Montalt-García, Jorge Romero-Martínez, Isabel Castillo, Octavio Álvarez, Ana Queralt and Javier Molina-García
Behav. Sci. 2023, 13(7), 609; https://doi.org/10.3390/bs13070609 - 21 Jul 2023
Cited by 2 | Viewed by 2210
Abstract
Physical literacy is crucial for children’s appropriate development and physical, social and mental health. In a school setting, class-based physical activity (PA) interventions are considered to be appropriate programs to foster PA participation and cognitive development. The purpose of this project, named the [...] Read more.
Physical literacy is crucial for children’s appropriate development and physical, social and mental health. In a school setting, class-based physical activity (PA) interventions are considered to be appropriate programs to foster PA participation and cognitive development. The purpose of this project, named the Active Learning in PHYsical Literacy (ALPHYL) study, was to describe a multicomponent classroom-based physically-active learning randomised control trial (RCT) in primary school children. The main purpose was to promote children’s physical literacy, academic achievement and cognitive function. The ALPHYL study is mainly based on physical literacy, active school models and the Supportive, Active, Autonomous, Fair and Enjoyable principles. The ALPHYL is an 8–10-week RCT to be conducted in six primary schools (12 classes) in Valencia (Spain) and its metropolitan area. Schools will be randomly assigned to the intervention or waiting-list control group. After a 30 h in-person training course for teachers and weekly meetings in the three months of resource preparation, the ALPHYL intervention will be conducted in physical education (PE) and non-PE lessons by teachers. The intervention consists of at least three daily sessions of physically active learning in addition to model-based PE teaching. Its feasibility will be evaluated weekly according to the Reach, Effectiveness, Adoption, Implementation and Maintenance framework. To assess its effectiveness, a pre-test, post-test and retention (8–10 weeks post-intervention) with primary outcomes (i.e., PA level, motor competence, perceived motor competence and PL, motivation, perceived social support, academic achievement and cognitive function), secondary outcomes and covariates will be collected. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Physical Activity and Health: Social Psychology Perspective)
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