Special Issue "Development and Application of Nonlinear Dissipative Device in Structural Vibration Control"

A special issue of Applied Sciences (ISSN 2076-3417). This special issue belongs to the section "Mechanical Engineering".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: closed (31 December 2017).

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Special Issue Editors

Prof. Dr. Zheng Lu
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Guest Editor
Department of Disaster Mitigation for Structures, College of Civil Engineering, Tongji University, Shanghai 200092, China
Interests: structural control; seismic design of building structures; renewable energy
Special Issues and Collections in MDPI journals
Assoc. Prof. Dr. Tony Yang
E-Mail Website
Guest Editor
Department of Civil Engineering, The University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada
Interests: active, semi-active and passive energy dissipation systems; seismic design of structures; accurate and cost effective experimental methods
Special Issues and Collections in MDPI journals
Prof. Dr. Ying Zhou
E-Mail Website
Guest Editor
Research Institute of Structural Engineering and Disaster Reduction, College of Civil Engineering, Tongji University, Shanghai, China
Interests: seismic performance of complex tall buildings; performance-based seismic design; structural performance of composite structures and hybrid structures; methodology and technology for structural dynamic test
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Assoc. Prof. Dr. Angeliki Papalou
E-Mail Website
Guest Editor
Department of Civil Engineering, Technological Educational Institute (T.E.I.) of Western Greece
Interests: structural vibration control; particle damping technology; passive control
Special Issues and Collections in MDPI journals

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

Structural vibration control plays a very important role in civil engineering. During the past few decades, energy dissipative technologies by attaching dissipative devices or designing dissipative elements, are constantly emerging in the control of vibration. A wide range of dampers, such as friction dampers, particle dampers, viscoelastic dampers and mild steel dampers, etc., have been widely applied in buildings, bridges and towers. Under extreme loads, these dissipative devices behave nonlinear prior to the structural elements, and significantly absorb and dissipate the input energy through friction, collision and elastic-plastic hysteric deformation (bending, shear and torsion), which consequently ensure the safety and integral stability.

Interdisciplinary is the new frontier of engineering. New progresses in other fields, such as material science, mechanical engineering, etc., are encouraged to introduce into the area of civil engineering. This Special Issue focuses on the development and application of innovative nonlinear dissipative systems that mitigate the potentially catastrophic effects of extreme loading by incorporating new materials or effective mechanical control technologies. This Special Issue is promising to present contributions in exploring the energy dissipation principles and revealing the damping mechanism of the new nonlinear attenuating technology, which is conducive to extending the fundamental application of new nonlinear dampers and providing new solutions for the structural vibration control. Desired topics include, but are not limited to, the development of efficient and convenient composite nonlinear dampers, experimental investigation, advanced modeling and systematical theoretical analysis of nonlinear dynamic systems, optimization of creative nonlinear dampers and damping mechanism.

Assoc. Prof. Dr. Zheng Lu
Assoc. Prof. Dr. Tony Yang
Prof. Dr. Ying Zhou
Assoc. Prof. Dr. Angeliki Papalou
Guest Editors

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Keywords

  • Nonlinear dissipative device
  • Innovative nonlinear damper
  • Energy dissipation
  • Structural vibration control
  • Damping mechanism
  • Particle damper
  • Tuned mass damper
  • New material
  • Nonlinear and high-damping material
  • Optimal design
  • Practical application

Published Papers (14 papers)

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Editorial

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Editorial
Special Issue: Development and Application of Nonlinear Dissipative Device in Structural Vibration Control
Appl. Sci. 2018, 8(6), 857; https://doi.org/10.3390/app8060857 - 23 May 2018
Cited by 2 | Viewed by 1347
Abstract
This Special Issue (SI) of Applied Sciences on Development and Application of Nonlinear
Dissipative Devices in Structural Vibration Control contains papers that focus on the development
and application of innovative nonlinear dissipative systems that mitigate the potentially catastrophic
effects of extreme loading by [...] Read more.
This Special Issue (SI) of Applied Sciences on Development and Application of Nonlinear
Dissipative Devices in Structural Vibration Control contains papers that focus on the development
and application of innovative nonlinear dissipative systems that mitigate the potentially catastrophic
effects of extreme loading by incorporating new materials or effective mechanical control technologies [...] Full article

Research

Jump to: Editorial

Article
Application of the Hybrid Simulation Method for the Full-Scale Precast Reinforced Concrete Shear Wall Structure
Appl. Sci. 2018, 8(2), 252; https://doi.org/10.3390/app8020252 - 08 Feb 2018
Cited by 7 | Viewed by 2402
Abstract
The hybrid simulation (HS) testing method combines physical test and numerical simulation, and provides a viable alternative to evaluate the structural seismic performance. Most studies focused on the accuracy, stability and reliability of the HS method in the small-scale tests. It is a [...] Read more.
The hybrid simulation (HS) testing method combines physical test and numerical simulation, and provides a viable alternative to evaluate the structural seismic performance. Most studies focused on the accuracy, stability and reliability of the HS method in the small-scale tests. It is a challenge to evaluate the seismic performance of a twelve-story pre-cast reinforced concrete shear-wall structure using this HS method which takes the full-scale bottom three-story structural model as the physical substructure and the elastic non-linear model as the numerical substructure. This paper employs an equivalent force control (EFC) method with implicit integration algorithm to deal with the numerical integration of the equation of motion (EOM) and the control of the loading device. Because of the arrangement of the test model, an elastic non-linear numerical model is used to simulate the numerical substructure. And non-subdivision strategy for the displacement inflection point of numerical substructure is used to easily realize the simulation of the numerical substructure and thus reduce the measured error. The parameters of the EFC method are calculated basing on analytical and numerical studies and used to the actual full-scale HS test. Finally, the accuracy and feasibility of the EFC-based HS method is verified experimentally through the substructure HS tests of the pre-cast reinforced concrete shear-wall structure model. And the testing results of the descending stage can be conveniently obtained from the EFC-based HS method. Full article
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Article
Application of an Artificial Fish Swarm Algorithm in an Optimum Tuned Mass Damper Design for a Pedestrian Bridge
Appl. Sci. 2018, 8(2), 175; https://doi.org/10.3390/app8020175 - 25 Jan 2018
Cited by 16 | Viewed by 2035
Abstract
Tuned mass damper (TMD) has a wide application in the human-induced vibration control of pedestrian bridges and its parameters have great influence on the control effects, hence it should be well designed. A new optimization method for a TMD system is proposed in [...] Read more.
Tuned mass damper (TMD) has a wide application in the human-induced vibration control of pedestrian bridges and its parameters have great influence on the control effects, hence it should be well designed. A new optimization method for a TMD system is proposed in this paper, based on the artificial fish swarm algorithm (AFSA), and the primary structural damping is taken into consideration. The optimization goal is to minimize the maximum dynamic amplification factor of the primary structure under external harmonic excitations. As a result, the optimized TMD has a smaller maximum dynamic amplification factor and better robustness. The optimum TMD parameters for a damped primary structure with different damping ratios and different TMD mass ratios are summarized in a table for simple, practical design, and the fitting equation is also provided. The TMD configuration optimized by the proposed method was shown to be superior to that optimized by other classical optimization methods. Finally, the application of an optimized TMD based on AFSA for a pedestrian bridge is proposed as a case study. The results show that the TMD designed based on AFSA has a smaller maximum dynamic amplification factor than the TMD designed based on the classic Den Hartog method and the TMD designed based on the Ioi Toshihiro method, and the optimized TMD has a good effect in controlling human-induced vibrations at different frequencies. Full article
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Article
Development of a Self-Powered Magnetorheological Damper System for Cable Vibration Control
Appl. Sci. 2018, 8(1), 118; https://doi.org/10.3390/app8010118 - 15 Jan 2018
Cited by 19 | Viewed by 2890
Abstract
A new self-powered magnetorheological (MR) damper control system was developed to mitigate cable vibration. The power source of the MR damper is directly harvested from vibration energy through a rotary permanent magnet direct current (DC) generator. The generator itself can also serve as [...] Read more.
A new self-powered magnetorheological (MR) damper control system was developed to mitigate cable vibration. The power source of the MR damper is directly harvested from vibration energy through a rotary permanent magnet direct current (DC) generator. The generator itself can also serve as an electromagnetic damper. The proposed smart passive system also incorporates a roller chain and sprocket, transforming the linear motion of the cable into the rotational motion of the DC generator. The vibration mitigation performance of the presented self-powered MR damper system was evaluated by model tests with a 21.6 m long cable. A series of free vibration tests of the cable with a passively operated MR damper with constant voltage, an electromagnetic damper alone, and a self-powered MR damper system were performed. Finally, the vibration control mechanisms of the self-powered MR damper system were investigated. The experimental results indicate that the supplemental modal damping ratios of the cable in the first four modes can be significantly enhanced by the self-powered MR damper system, demonstrating the feasibility and effectiveness of the new smart passive system. The results also show that both the self-powered MR damper and the generator are quite similar to a combination of a traditional linear viscous damper and a negative stiffness device, and the negative stiffness can enhance the mitigation efficiency against cable vibration. Full article
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Article
Base Pounding Model and Response Analysis of Base-Isolated Structures under Earthquake Excitation
Appl. Sci. 2017, 7(12), 1238; https://doi.org/10.3390/app7121238 - 29 Nov 2017
Cited by 15 | Viewed by 2222
Abstract
In order to study the base pounding effects of base-isolated structure under earthquake excitations, a base pounding theoretical model with a linear spring-gap element is proposed. A finite element analysis program is used in numerical simulation of seismic response of based-isolated structure when [...] Read more.
In order to study the base pounding effects of base-isolated structure under earthquake excitations, a base pounding theoretical model with a linear spring-gap element is proposed. A finite element analysis program is used in numerical simulation of seismic response of based-isolated structure when considering base pounding. The effects of the structure pounding against adjacent structures are studied, and the seismic response of a base-isolated structure with lead-rubber bearing and a base-isolated structure with friction pendulum isolation bearing are analyzed. The results indicate that: the model offers much flexibility to analyze base pounding effects. There is a most clearance unfavorable width between adjacent structures. The structural response increases with pounding. Significant amplification of the story shear-force, velocity, and acceleration were observed. Increasing the number of stories in a building leads to an initial increase in impact force, followed by a decrease in such force. As a result, it is necessary to consider base pounding in the seismic design of base-isolated structures. Full article
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Article
Research on the Rational Yield Ratio of Isolation System and Its Application to the Design of Seismically Isolated Reinforced Concrete Frame-Core Tube Tall Buildings
Appl. Sci. 2017, 7(11), 1191; https://doi.org/10.3390/app7111191 - 19 Nov 2017
Cited by 13 | Viewed by 2797
Abstract
Resilience-based seismic design of reinforced concrete (RC) tall buildings has become an important trend in earthquake engineering. Seismic isolation technology is an effective and important method to improve the resiliency of RC frame-core tube tall buildings located in high seismic regions. However, the [...] Read more.
Resilience-based seismic design of reinforced concrete (RC) tall buildings has become an important trend in earthquake engineering. Seismic isolation technology is an effective and important method to improve the resiliency of RC frame-core tube tall buildings located in high seismic regions. However, the traditional design method for this type of building does not focus on the key design parameter, namely, the yield ratio of the isolation system and has therefore been proved to be highly inefficient. To address these issues, the rational yield ratio of isolation system for such buildings is investigated based on 28 carefully designed cases, considering the influences of total heights, yield ratios and seismically isolated schemes. The rational range of the yield ratio is recommended to be 2-3%. Based on this, a high-efficiency design method is proposed for seismically isolated RC frame-core tube tall buildings. Subsequently, a seismically isolated RC frame-core tube tall building with a height of 84.1 m is designed using the proposed design method. The rationality, reliability and efficiency of the proposed method are validated. The research outcome can serve as a reference for further development of the seismic design method for seismically isolated RC frame-core tube tall buildings. Full article
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Article
Soil–Structure–Equipment Interaction and Influence Factors in an Underground Electrical Substation under Seismic Loads
Appl. Sci. 2017, 7(10), 1044; https://doi.org/10.3390/app7101044 - 12 Oct 2017
Cited by 6 | Viewed by 1797
Abstract
Underground electrical substations play an increasingly significant role in urban economic development for the power supply of subways. However, in recent years, there have been few studies on the seismic performance of underground electrical substations involving the interaction of soil–structure–equipment. To conduct the [...] Read more.
Underground electrical substations play an increasingly significant role in urban economic development for the power supply of subways. However, in recent years, there have been few studies on the seismic performance of underground electrical substations involving the interaction of soil–structure–equipment. To conduct the study, three-dimensional finite element models of an underground substation are established. The implicit dynamic numerical simulation analysis is performed by changing earthquake input motions, soil characteristics, electrical equipment type and structure depths. According to a seismic response analysis, acceleration amplification coefficients, displacements, stresses and internal forces are obtained and analyzed. It is found that (1) as a boundary condition of soil–structure, the coupling boundary is feasible in the seismic response of an underground substation; (2) the seismic response of an underground substation is sensitive to burial depth and elastic modulus; (3) the oblique incidence of input motion has a slight influence on the horizontal seismic response, but has a significant impact on the vertical seismic response; and (4) the bottom of the side wall is the seismic weak part of an underground substation, so it is necessary to increase the stiffness of this area. Full article
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Article
Experimental Study on the Performance of Polyurethane-Steel Sandwich Structure under Debris Flow
Appl. Sci. 2017, 7(10), 1018; https://doi.org/10.3390/app7101018 - 02 Oct 2017
Cited by 11 | Viewed by 2029
Abstract
Polyurethane-steel sandwich structure, which creatively uses the polyurethane-steel sandwich composite as a structural material, is proposed to strengthen the impact resistance of buildings under debris flow. The impact resistance of polyurethane-steel sandwich structure under debris flow is investigated by a series of impact [...] Read more.
Polyurethane-steel sandwich structure, which creatively uses the polyurethane-steel sandwich composite as a structural material, is proposed to strengthen the impact resistance of buildings under debris flow. The impact resistance of polyurethane-steel sandwich structure under debris flow is investigated by a series of impact loading tests, compared with that of traditional steel frame structures. Additionally, further discussions regarding the hidden mechanism are performed. During the whole impact process, as for steel frame structure, the impacted column appeared obvious local deformation both at its column base and on the impact surface, leading to remarkable decrease of its impact resistance; while the stress and strain of polyurethane-steel sandwich structure develops more uniformly and distribute further in the whole structure, maintaining excellent integrity and impact transmission capability. The impact loading tests confirm that polyurethane-steel sandwich structure possesses superior impact resistance under debris flow. This is of great practical significance for the prevention and reduction of geological disasters. Full article
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Article
Experimental Study on Vibration Control of a Submerged Pipeline Model by Eddy Current Tuned Mass Damper
Appl. Sci. 2017, 7(10), 987; https://doi.org/10.3390/app7100987 - 25 Sep 2017
Cited by 33 | Viewed by 3667
Abstract
Undesirable vibrations occurring in undersea pipeline structures due to ocean currents may shorten the lifecycle of pipeline structures and even lead to their failure. Therefore, it is desirable to find a feasible and effective device to suppress the subsea vibration. Eddy current tuned [...] Read more.
Undesirable vibrations occurring in undersea pipeline structures due to ocean currents may shorten the lifecycle of pipeline structures and even lead to their failure. Therefore, it is desirable to find a feasible and effective device to suppress the subsea vibration. Eddy current tuned mass damper (ECTMD), which employs the damping force generated by the relative movement of a non-magnetic conductive metal (such as copper or aluminum) through a magnetic field, is demonstrated to be an efficient way in structural vibration control. However, the feasibility and effectiveness of ECTMD in a seawater environment has not been reported on before. In this paper, an experiment is conducted to validate the feasibility of an eddy current damper in a seawater environment. A submerged pipeline is used as the controlled structure to experimentally study the effectiveness of ECTMD. The dynamic properties of the submerged pipeline are obtained from dynamic tests and the finite element method (FEM). The optimum design of TMD with a linear spring-damper element for a damped primary structure is carried out through numerical optimization procedures and is used to determine the optimal frequency tuning ratio and damping ratio of ECTMD. In addition, the performance of ECTMD to control the submerged pipeline model is respectively studied in free vibration case and forced vibration case. The results show that the damping provided by eddy current in a seawater environment is only slightly varied compared to that in an air environment. With the optimal ECTMD control, vibration response of the submerged pipeline is significantly decreased. Full article
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Article
Experimental Study on Robustness of an Eddy Current-Tuned Mass Damper
Appl. Sci. 2017, 7(9), 895; https://doi.org/10.3390/app7090895 - 01 Sep 2017
Cited by 23 | Viewed by 3124
Abstract
In this paper, an eddy current tuned mass damper (ECTMD) is utilized to control the vibration of a cantilever beam. The robustness of the ECTMD against frequency detuning is experimentally studied in cases of both free vibration and forced vibration. The natural frequency [...] Read more.
In this paper, an eddy current tuned mass damper (ECTMD) is utilized to control the vibration of a cantilever beam. The robustness of the ECTMD against frequency detuning is experimentally studied in cases of both free vibration and forced vibration. The natural frequency of the cantilever beam can be adjusted by changing the location of a lumped mass. For purposes of comparison with the ECTMD, the robustness of a tuned mass damper (TMD) is also studied. The experimental results in the free vibration case indicate that the ECTMD works well both in tuned and detuned situations, and the equivalent damping ratio of the cantilever beam equipped with the ECTMD is 2.08~5.91 times that of the TMD. However, the TMD only suppresses the free vibration effectively in the tuned situation. With forced vibration, the experimental results also demonstrate the robustness of the ECTMD in vibration suppression in detuned cases. On the other hand, the cantilever beam with TMD experiences 1.63~2.99 times the peak vibration of that of the ECTMD control. Full article
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Article
Prediction of Ultimate Strain and Strength of FRP-Confined Concrete Cylinders Using Soft Computing Methods
Appl. Sci. 2017, 7(8), 751; https://doi.org/10.3390/app7080751 - 25 Jul 2017
Cited by 15 | Viewed by 2595
Abstract
This paper investigates the effectiveness of four different soft computing methods, namely radial basis neural network (RBNN), adaptive neuro fuzzy inference system (ANFIS) with subtractive clustering (ANFIS-SC), ANFIS with fuzzy c-means clustering (ANFIS-FCM) and M5 model tree (M5Tree), for predicting the ultimate strength [...] Read more.
This paper investigates the effectiveness of four different soft computing methods, namely radial basis neural network (RBNN), adaptive neuro fuzzy inference system (ANFIS) with subtractive clustering (ANFIS-SC), ANFIS with fuzzy c-means clustering (ANFIS-FCM) and M5 model tree (M5Tree), for predicting the ultimate strength and strain of concrete cylinders confined with fiber-reinforced polymer (FRP) sheets. The models were compared according to the root mean square error (RMSE), mean absolute relative error (MARE) and determination coefficient (R2) criteria. Similar accuracy was obtained by RBNN and ANFIS-FCM, and they provided better estimates in modeling ultimate strength of confined concrete. The ANFIS-SC, however, performed slightly better than the RBNN and ANFIS-FCM in estimating ultimate strain of confined concrete, and M5Tree provided the worst strength and strain estimates. Finally, the effects of strain ratio and the confinement stiffness ratio on strength and strain were investigated, and the confinement stiffness ratio was shown to be more effective. Full article
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Article
Member Discrete Element Method for Static and Dynamic Responses Analysis of Steel Frames with Semi-Rigid Joints
Appl. Sci. 2017, 7(7), 714; https://doi.org/10.3390/app7070714 - 11 Jul 2017
Cited by 5 | Viewed by 2550
Abstract
In this paper, a simple and effective numerical approach is presented on the basis of the Member Discrete Element Method (MDEM) to investigate static and dynamic responses of steel frames with semi-rigid joints. In the MDEM, structures are discretized into a set of [...] Read more.
In this paper, a simple and effective numerical approach is presented on the basis of the Member Discrete Element Method (MDEM) to investigate static and dynamic responses of steel frames with semi-rigid joints. In the MDEM, structures are discretized into a set of finite rigid particles. The motion equation of each particle is solved by the central difference method and two adjacent arbitrarily particles are connected by the contact constitutive model. The above characteristics means that the MDEM is able to naturally handle structural geometric nonlinearity and fracture. Meanwhile, the computational framework of static analysis is consistent with that of dynamic analysis, except the determination of damping. A virtual spring element with two particles but without actual mass and length is used to simulate the mechanical behaviors of semi-rigid joints. The spring element is not directly involved in the calculation, but is employed only to modify the stiffness coefficients of contact elements at the semi-rigid connections. Based on the above-mentioned concept, the modified formula of the contact element stiffness with consideration of semi-rigid connections is deduced. The Richard-Abbort four-parameter model and independent hardening model are further introduced accordingly to accurately capture the nonlinearity and hysteresis performance of semi-rigid connections. Finally, the numerical approach proposed is verified by complex behaviors of steel frames with semi-rigid connections such as geometric nonlinearity, snap-through buckling, dynamic responses and fracture. The comparison of static and dynamic responses obtained using the modified MDEM and those of the published studies illustrates that the modified MDEM can simulate the mechanical behaviors of semi-rigid connections simply and directly, and can accurately effectively capture the linear and nonlinear behaviors of semi-rigid connections under static and dynamic loading. Some conclusions, as expected, are drawn that structural bearing capacity under static loading will be overestimated if semi-rigid connections are ignored; when the frequency of dynamic load applied is close to structural fundamental frequency, hysteresis damping of nonlinear semi-rigid connections can cause energy dissipation compared to rigid and linear semi-rigid connections, thus avoiding the occurrence of resonance. Additionally, fracture analysis also indicates that semi-rigid steel frames possess more anti-collapse capacity than that with rigid steel frames. Full article
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Article
Robustness Analysis of the Collective Nonlinear Dynamics of a Periodic Coupled Pendulums Chain
Appl. Sci. 2017, 7(7), 684; https://doi.org/10.3390/app7070684 - 03 Jul 2017
Cited by 5 | Viewed by 2816
Abstract
Perfect structural periodicity is disturbed in presence of imperfections. The present paper is based on a realistic modeling of imperfections, using uncertainties, to investigate the robustness of the collective nonlinear dynamics of a periodic coupled pendulums chain. A generic discrete analytical model combining [...] Read more.
Perfect structural periodicity is disturbed in presence of imperfections. The present paper is based on a realistic modeling of imperfections, using uncertainties, to investigate the robustness of the collective nonlinear dynamics of a periodic coupled pendulums chain. A generic discrete analytical model combining multiple scales method and standing-wave decomposition is proposed. To propagate uncertainties through the established model, the generalized Polynomial Chaos Expansion is used and compared to the Latin Hypercube Sampling method. Effects of uncertainties are investigated on the stability and nonlinearity of two and three coupled pendulums chains. Results prove the satisfying approximation given by the generalized Polynomial Chaos Expansion for a significantly reduced computational time, with respect to the Latin Hypercube Sampling method. Dispersion analysis of the frequency responses show that the nonlinear aspect of the structure is strengthened, the multistability domain is wider, more stable branches are obtained and thus multimode solutions are enhanced. More fine analysis is allowed by the quantification of the variability of the attractors’ contributions in the basins of attraction. Results demonstrate benefits of presence of imperfections in such periodic structure. In practice, imperfections can be functionalized to generate energy localization suitable for several engineering applications such as vibration energy harvesting. Full article
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Article
Vibration Control of a Power Transmission Tower with Pounding Tuned Mass Damper under Multi-Component Seismic Excitations
Appl. Sci. 2017, 7(5), 477; https://doi.org/10.3390/app7050477 - 05 May 2017
Cited by 27 | Viewed by 3469
Abstract
In this paper, the two-dimensional vibration controls of a power transmission tower with a pounding tuned mass damper (PTMD) under multi-component seismic excitations are analyzed. A three-dimensional finite element model of a practical power transmission tower is established in ABAQUS (Dassasult Simulia Company, [...] Read more.
In this paper, the two-dimensional vibration controls of a power transmission tower with a pounding tuned mass damper (PTMD) under multi-component seismic excitations are analyzed. A three-dimensional finite element model of a practical power transmission tower is established in ABAQUS (Dassasult Simulia Company, Providence, RI, USA). The TMD (tuned mass damper) and PTMD are simulated by the finite element method. The response of the transmission tower with TMD and PTMD are analyzed, respectively. To achieve optimal design, the influence of the mass ratio, ground motion intensity, gap, and incident angle of seismic ground motion are investigated, respectively. The results show that the PTMD is very effective in reducing the vibration of the transmission tower in the longitudinal and transverse directions. The reduction ratio increases with the increase of the mass ratio. The ground motion intensity and gap have no obvious influence on the reduction ratio. However, the incident angle has a significant influence on the reduction ratio. Full article
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