Special Issue "Applications of Low Field Magnetic Resonance"

A special issue of Applied Sciences (ISSN 2076-3417).

Deadline for manuscript submissions: 31 January 2019

Special Issue Editors

Guest Editor
Prof. Dr. Robert H. Morris

Physics and Maths, Nottingham Trent University, Clifton Lane, Nottingham, NG11 8NS, UK
Website | E-Mail
Phone: +44 115 848 3123
Fax: +44 115 848 6636
Interests: Magnetic Resonance Hardware for imaging and for general sensing applications; waste water treatment and monitoring with an emphasis on constructed wetlands; Magnetic Resonance Elastography; Food process control and product stability monitoring; Extrinsic MRI contrast; Surface acoustic wave devices for fluid manipulation
Guest Editor
Dr. Michael I. Newton

Physics and Maths, Nottingham Trent University, Clifton Lane, Nottingham, NG11 8NS, UK
Website | E-Mail
Phone: 441158483365
Fax: +44 115 848 6636
Interests: Sensor applications of acoustic wave devices; Magnetic resonance based sensors; Applications of Superhydrophobic surfaces

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

Magnetic resonance finds countless applications, from medical imaging to chemical spectroscopy. It is also becoming more frequently used for sensor type applications, in which the measurement of the longitudinal (T1) relaxation times, effective transverse (T2eff) relaxation times, self-diffusion coefficients, or a mixture of the three, are used in process control or quality management for manufacture and environmental monitoring. One driver in the field has been the availability of strong yet affordable permanent magnets which has given rise to a range of unilateral as well as conventional ‘in bore’ systems. The aim of this Special Issue of Applied Sciences is to highlight the current state of ‘low field’ applications of magnetic resonance where we define low as using a magnetic field below 1 Tesla. We welcome new research or review articles with a clear application focus in these areas.

Prof. Dr. Robert H. Morris
Dr. Michael I. Newton
Guest Editors

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All papers will be peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Applied Sciences is an international peer-reviewed open access monthly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 1400 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.

Keywords

  • magnetic resonance
  • relaxation time
  • NMR
  • unilateral NMR
  • T1
  • T2
  • process control
  • environmental monitoring
  • earths field NMR

Published Papers (2 papers)

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Research

Open AccessArticle Low-Field NMR and MRI to Analyze the Effect of Edible Coating Incorporated with MAP on Qualities of Half-Smooth Tongue Sole (Cynoglossus Semilaevis Günther) Fillets during Refrigerated Storage
Appl. Sci. 2018, 8(8), 1391; https://doi.org/10.3390/app8081391
Received: 30 July 2018 / Revised: 10 August 2018 / Accepted: 15 August 2018 / Published: 17 August 2018
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Abstract
Nondestructive and fast measurement and characterization of fish is highly desired during various processing treatments. This research investigated the effectiveness of low field LF-NMR and MRI as fast monitoring techniques to estimate the qualities of half-smooth tongue sole fillets treated with edible coating
[...] Read more.
Nondestructive and fast measurement and characterization of fish is highly desired during various processing treatments. This research investigated the effectiveness of low field LF-NMR and MRI as fast monitoring techniques to estimate the qualities of half-smooth tongue sole fillets treated with edible coating combined with modified atmosphere packaging during refrigeration. T2 relaxation spectra showed three peaks representing bound water (T21), immobile water (T22), and free water (T23), respectively. pT22 accounted for the largest proportion of three types of water, followed by pT23. The weighted MRI provided the internal structure information associated with different samples, indicting the combination of edible coating and MAP (70% CO2 + 30% N2) is the best performance in the maintenance of qualities and freshness of HTS fillets. All results demonstrated that the combination of LF-NMR and MRI as fast and nondestructive methods have great potential to monitor qualities deterioration and predict shelf life in of HTS fillets during refrigerated storage. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Applications of Low Field Magnetic Resonance)
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Open AccessArticle Leaf Development Monitoring and Early Detection of Water Deficiency by Low Field Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Relaxation in Nicotiana tabacum Plants
Appl. Sci. 2018, 8(6), 943; https://doi.org/10.3390/app8060943
Received: 17 May 2018 / Revised: 1 June 2018 / Accepted: 4 June 2018 / Published: 7 June 2018
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Abstract
Drought is the main abiotic stress worldwide affecting harvest quality and quantity of numerous crops. To enable better water management, low field NMR (nuclear magnetic resonance) relaxometry was assessed as a developmental marker and a new method for early detection of water deficiency.
[...] Read more.
Drought is the main abiotic stress worldwide affecting harvest quality and quantity of numerous crops. To enable better water management, low field NMR (nuclear magnetic resonance) relaxometry was assessed as a developmental marker and a new method for early detection of water deficiency. The effect of a foliar biostimulant against water stress was also investigated. Two leaves of different ranks (four and eight) were studied. The leaves of different ranks were characterized by different NMR T2 spectra which validated the ability of NMR to describe the developmental stage of tobacco. Results also showed that T2 NMR relaxation spectra allow the detection of mild water stress (80% of the field capacity) through the precise characterization of the leaf water status while other water stress markers (relative water content, photosynthetic related parameters…) were not yet impacted. The agricultural impact of the mild water stress was determined through the nitrogen rate in shoots and amino acids assay six weeks after the beginning of the stress and results shows that foliar application of biostimulant limits the negative consequences of drought. Our results demonstrate the sensitivity of NMR to detect slight changes triggered in the leaf by water stress at the tissue level. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Applications of Low Field Magnetic Resonance)
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Planned Papers

The below list represents only planned manuscripts. Some of these manuscripts have not been received by the Editorial Office yet. Papers submitted to MDPI journals are subject to peer-review.

Authors: Dr. Meghan Halse and his group
Affiliation: Centre for Hyperpolarisation in Magnetic Resonance (CHyM), Department of Chemistry, University of York, York, UK

Authors: Dr. Shaoying Huang and his group
Affiliation: Engineering Product Development, Singapore University of Technology and Design, Singapore 487372, Singapore

Authors: Prof. Wu Yao and his group
Affiliation: Key Laboratory of Advanced Civil Engineering Materials (Tongji University), Ministry of Education, Shanghai 201804, China

Authors: Prof. Jianxiong Lu and his group
Affiliation: Research Institute of Wood Industry, Chinese Academy of Forestry, Beijing 100091, China

Authors: Dr. Samuel Patz and his group
Affiliation: Center for Pulmonary Functional Imaging, Departments of Radiology and Pulmonary Medicine, Brigham and Women's Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02115, USA

Article Type: Review
Authors: Dr. Michael Vogel and his group
Affiliation: Centre for Advanced Imaging, University of Queensland, Brisbane, St Lucia, QLD 4072, Australia

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