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Time Domain NMR in Polymer Science: From the Laboratory to the Industry

1
Università degli Studi di Milano-Bicocca, Milan, Department of Materials Science, Via R. Cozzi, 55, 20125 Milan, Italy
2
Trelleborg Coated Systems Italy S.p.A., SP140, 26855 Lodi Vecchio (LO), Italy
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Appl. Sci. 2019, 9(9), 1801; https://doi.org/10.3390/app9091801
Received: 22 March 2019 / Revised: 15 April 2019 / Accepted: 23 April 2019 / Published: 30 April 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Applications of Low Field Magnetic Resonance)
Highly controlled polymers and nanostructures are increasingly translated from the lab to the industry. Together with the industrialization of complex systems from renewable sources, a paradigm change in the processing of plastics and rubbers is underway, requiring a new generation of analytical tools. Here, we present the recent developments in time domain NMR (TD-NMR), starting with an introduction of the methods. Several examples illustrate the new take on traditional issues like the measurement of crosslink density in vulcanized rubber or the monitoring of crystallization kinetics, as well as the unique information that can be extracted from multiphase, nanophase and composite materials. Generally, TD-NMR is capable of determining structural parameters that are in agreement with other techniques and with the final macroscopic properties of industrial interest, as well as reveal details on the local homogeneity that are difficult to obtain otherwise. Considering its moderate technical and space requirements of performing, TD-NMR is a good candidate for assisting product and process development in several applications throughout the rubber, plastics, composites and adhesives industry. View Full-Text
Keywords: nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR); low field TD-NMR; relaxation; polymers; multiple-quantum NMR; industrial products; rubbers; polymer physics nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR); low field TD-NMR; relaxation; polymers; multiple-quantum NMR; industrial products; rubbers; polymer physics
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Besghini, D.; Mauri, M.; Simonutti, R. Time Domain NMR in Polymer Science: From the Laboratory to the Industry. Appl. Sci. 2019, 9, 1801.

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