Agro-Environmental Sustainable Exploitation of Halophyte, Medicinal and Aromatic Species from Marginal Areas

A special issue of Agronomy (ISSN 2073-4395). This special issue belongs to the section "Farming Sustainability".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: 28 April 2024 | Viewed by 1530

Special Issue Editors

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Guest Editor
Department of Agriculture, Food, Natural Resources and Engineering (DAFNE), University of Foggia, 71122 Foggia FG, Italy
Interests: plant breeding, crop genetics, tolerance to abiotic and biotic stresses; molecular markers; genetic maps; in vitro tissue culture

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Guest Editor
Department of Superior School Engineering, University of Almería, Ctra. Sacramento s/n, La Cañada de San Urbano, 04120 Almería, Spain
Interests: abiotic stresses, halophytes, plant physiology, reactive oxygen species, salt stress
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Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

Crop scientists are coping with the challenge of adapting agricultural systems to low-input requirements, in addition to ensuring high productivity, quality, and food security in an ongoingly changing climate. Traditional crops are severely affected by environmental changes, causing yield and quality losses, whereas most plant species from marginal areas can face adverse conditions, ensuring productivity and supplying a wide range of applications such as animal feed or traditional/gourmet/functional foods. This SI aims at collecting the most valuable research on the exploitation of spontaneous species and landraces from marginal areas, including medicinal, aromatic, and halophyte plants. We welcome reviews and research papers on the following topics: micropropagation, biodiversity, the fingerprinting of genetic resources, the molecular basis of trait adaptation to stress, soil–microbe–plant interactions for reductions in chemical fertilizers input, the evaluation of the antimicrobial/antifungal activity of medicinal and halophyte plant extracts, the production of low-environmental-impact bio-stimulants and bio-pesticides for plant growth promotion and sustainable pathogen control, the nutritional characterization of marginal species and their use in fortified healthier foods for the valorization of local unexploited resources, and traditional productions, sustainable nature-based solutions for soil/water management and remediation in marginal areas.

Dr. Angelica Giancaspro
Dr. Pedro García-Caparrós
Guest Editors

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  • marginal species
  • halophytes
  • salt tolerance
  • stress adaptation

Published Papers (1 paper)

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24 pages, 1108 KiB  
Potential Use of Plant Growth-Promoting Bacteria to Enhance Growth and Soil Fertility in Marginal Areas: Focus on the Apulia Region, Italy
by Angela Racioppo, Annalisa d’Amelio, Alessandro De Santis, Antonio Bevilacqua, Maria Rosaria Corbo and Milena Sinigaglia
Agronomy 2023, 13(12), 2983; - 03 Dec 2023
Cited by 1 | Viewed by 1297
Soil degradation is a global problem and refers to the reduction or loss of the biological and economic productive capacity of the soil resource. In Europe, the countries most affected by soil degradation are undoubtedly those of the Mediterranean basin. Among these, Italy [...] Read more.
Soil degradation is a global problem and refers to the reduction or loss of the biological and economic productive capacity of the soil resource. In Europe, the countries most affected by soil degradation are undoubtedly those of the Mediterranean basin. Among these, Italy shows clear signs of degradation, with different characteristics, especially in the southern regions, where climatic and meteorological conditions strongly contribute to it. Apulia, the Tavoliere plain in particular, is a fragile and very sensitive ecosystem due to its intrinsic characteristics and the level of anthropic exploitation. Agricultural production pays the highest price, as increasing desertification due to climate change and the loss of agricultural land severely limit the extent of land available to produce food for an ever-growing population. Plant growth-promoting bacteria (PGPB) could be a low-cost and long-term solution to restore soil fertility, as they provide a wide range of benefits in agriculture, including increasing crop productivity, improving soil nutrient levels and inhibiting the growth of pathogens. This review shows how PGPB can be used to improve the quality of soils, their impact on agriculture, their tolerance to abiotic stresses (drought, salinity, heavy metals and organic pollutants) and their feasibility. The use of PGPB could be promoted as a green technology to be applied in marginal areas of Apulia to increase soil fertility, reduce pollution and mitigate the impacts of abiotic stresses and climate change. This is supported by a series of studies showing that the growth of plants inoculated with PGPB is superior to that of non-inoculated plants. Full article
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