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The Global Burden of Disease of Zoonotic Parasitic Diseases: Top 5 Contenders for Priority Consideration

1
Division of Tropical Health & Medicine, College of Public Health, Medical and Veterinary Sciences, James Cook University, Townsville, QLD 4814, Australia
2
Faculty of Medicine, University of Queensland, Herston, St Lucia, QLD 4072, Australia
Trop. Med. Infect. Dis. 2019, 4(1), 44; https://doi.org/10.3390/tropicalmed4010044
Received: 4 February 2019 / Revised: 23 February 2019 / Accepted: 26 February 2019 / Published: 2 March 2019
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Abstract

With the rise of global migration, international trade, and global environmental challenges such as climate change, it is not surprising that the interactions between humans and other animals are shifting. Salient infectious diseases, such as malaria and HIV (which have high burdens of disease), attract sophisticated public health frameworks and funding from global/regional organisations, such as the WHO. This unfortunately detracts attention from the many emerging zoonoses that fall under the radar as neglected tropical diseases (NTDs). This review considers the available literature and the attribution of burden of disease to the most insidious NTDs and recommends which five are deserving of policy prioritisation. In line with WHO analyses of NTDs, intestinal nematode infections, leishmaniasis, schistosomiasis, and lymphatic filariasis should be prioritised, as well as the burden of disease of cryptosporidiosis, which is largely underestimated. Both monitoring and treatment/prevention control methods for cryptosporidiosis are suggested and explored. View Full-Text
Keywords: cryptosporidiosis; intestinal nematode infections; leishmaniasis; schistosomiasis; lymphatic filariasis; burden of disease; parasites; zoonoses; neglected tropical diseases cryptosporidiosis; intestinal nematode infections; leishmaniasis; schistosomiasis; lymphatic filariasis; burden of disease; parasites; zoonoses; neglected tropical diseases
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Pisarski, K. The Global Burden of Disease of Zoonotic Parasitic Diseases: Top 5 Contenders for Priority Consideration. Trop. Med. Infect. Dis. 2019, 4, 44.

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