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Homeless Interactions with the Built Environment: A Spatial Pattern Language of Abandoned Housing

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Environmental Studies Program, Denison University, Granville, OH 43023, USA
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Department of Earth & Environmental Sciences, Wesleyan University, Middletown, CT 06459, USA
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Art History & Visual Culture Program, Denison University, Granville, OH 43023, USA
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Denison University, Granville, OH 43023, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Urban Sci. 2019, 3(2), 65; https://doi.org/10.3390/urbansci3020065
Received: 30 May 2019 / Revised: 15 June 2019 / Accepted: 22 June 2019 / Published: 25 June 2019
Research demonstrates that homeless individuals use urban space in adaptive and endemic ways. Investigations at city and neighborhood scales would benefit from attention to homeless use of abandoned housing. We employ the pattern language approach developed by Christopher Alexander for twenty-two abandoned houses in Newark, Ohio. We use statistical and geospatial data analyses to evaluate hypotheses related to prospect and refuge site qualities, accessibility, and attractiveness to homeless persons, and the proximity of sites to resources. Factors related to prospect/refuge, accessibility, and resource proximity were consistent with the hypotheses. Results can be grouped into four distinct patterns: ‘Hiding Places,’ ‘Welcome Mat,’ ‘Shelter (Un)becoming,’ and ‘Proximity to Resources.’ Based on these patterns, we conclude with recommendations for officials and organizations addressing homelessness. View Full-Text
Keywords: abandoned housing; GIS; homeless; pattern language; urban space abandoned housing; GIS; homeless; pattern language; urban space
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Kaplan, A.; Diver, K.; Sandin, K.; Mill, S.K. Homeless Interactions with the Built Environment: A Spatial Pattern Language of Abandoned Housing. Urban Sci. 2019, 3, 65.

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