Next Article in Journal
Compositional Characterization of Different Industrial White and Red Grape Pomaces in Virginia and the Potential Valorization of the Major Components
Next Article in Special Issue
Could Defatted Mealworm (Tenebrio molitor) and Mealworm Oil Be Used as Food Ingredients?
Previous Article in Journal
Punica granatum and Citrus spp. Extract Mix Affects Spoilage Microorganisms Growth Rate in Vacuum-Packaged Cooked Sausages Made from Pork Meat, Emmer Wheat (Triticum dicoccum Schübler), Almond (Prunus dulcis Mill.) and Hazelnut (Corylus avellana L.)
Previous Article in Special Issue
Microbiological Profile and Bioactive Properties of Insect Powders Used in Food and Feed Formulations
Open AccessArticle

Diversity and Use of Edible Grasshoppers, Locusts, Crickets, and Katydids (Orthoptera) in Madagascar

1
Center for Asian Area Studies, Rikkyo University, 3-34-1 Nishi-Ikebukuro, Toshima, Tokyo 171-8501, Japan
2
Department of Plant Medicals, Andong National University, 1375 Kyungdong-Street, Andong, Gyeongbuk 36729, Korea
3
Madagascar Biodiversity Center, Parc Botanique et Zoologique de Tsimbazaza, BP 6257, Antananarivo 101, Madagascar
4
Department of Entomology, University of Antananarivo, BP 906, Antananarivo 101, Madagascar
5
Institute of Cellular and Integrative Neuroscience, National Center for Scientific Research (CNRS), University of Strasbourg, 5 rue Blaise Pascal, 67084 Strasbourg, France
6
California Academy of Sciences, San Francisco, CA 94118, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Foods 2019, 8(12), 666; https://doi.org/10.3390/foods8120666
Received: 2 November 2019 / Revised: 21 November 2019 / Accepted: 25 November 2019 / Published: 10 December 2019
Madagascar has a long history of using Orthoptera as food and feed. Our understanding of the biological diversity of this resource, its contemporary use, and its future potentials in Madagascar is extremely limited. The present study contributes basic knowledge of the biological diversity and local uses of edible Orthoptera in Malagasy food cultures. Data was collected with key informants in 47 localities covering most of the ecoregions of Madagascar and corresponding to 12 of the 19 ethnic groups. Orthoptera are consumed throughout Madagascar. We report 37 edible Orthoptera species, of which 28 are new species records of edible Orthoptera in Madagascar and 24 are new species records of edible Orthoptera in the world. Most species are endemic and occur in farming zones. Children are the primary collectors and consumers of edible Orthoptera. The insects are eaten both as snacks and main meals. Edible Orthoptera are primarily collected casually and marketing is rare, with the notable exceptions of the large cricket Brachytrupes membranaceus colosseus and during locust outbreaks (e.g., Locusta migratoria). The use of Orthoptera as feed seems rare. Further investigations of cultural and personal preferences are required to assess the future potential roles of Orthoptera in Malagasy food habits. View Full-Text
Keywords: insect; entomophagy; biodiversity; food; bioresource; culture insect; entomophagy; biodiversity; food; bioresource; culture
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Van Itterbeeck, J.; Rakotomalala Andrianavalona, I.N.; Rajemison, F.I.; Rakotondrasoa, J.F.; Ralantoarinaivo, V.R.; Hugel, S.; Fisher, B.L. Diversity and Use of Edible Grasshoppers, Locusts, Crickets, and Katydids (Orthoptera) in Madagascar. Foods 2019, 8, 666.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Search more from Scilit
 
Search
Back to TopTop