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Microbiological Profile and Bioactive Properties of Insect Powders Used in Food and Feed Formulations

Diversity and Use of Edible Grasshoppers, Locusts, Crickets, and Katydids (Orthoptera) in Madagascar

Center for Asian Area Studies, Rikkyo University, 3-34-1 Nishi-Ikebukuro, Toshima, Tokyo 171-8501, Japan
Department of Plant Medicals, Andong National University, 1375 Kyungdong-Street, Andong, Gyeongbuk 36729, Korea
Madagascar Biodiversity Center, Parc Botanique et Zoologique de Tsimbazaza, BP 6257, Antananarivo 101, Madagascar
Department of Entomology, University of Antananarivo, BP 906, Antananarivo 101, Madagascar
Institute of Cellular and Integrative Neuroscience, National Center for Scientific Research (CNRS), University of Strasbourg, 5 rue Blaise Pascal, 67084 Strasbourg, France
California Academy of Sciences, San Francisco, CA 94118, USA
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Foods 2019, 8(12), 666;
Received: 2 November 2019 / Revised: 21 November 2019 / Accepted: 25 November 2019 / Published: 10 December 2019
Madagascar has a long history of using Orthoptera as food and feed. Our understanding of the biological diversity of this resource, its contemporary use, and its future potentials in Madagascar is extremely limited. The present study contributes basic knowledge of the biological diversity and local uses of edible Orthoptera in Malagasy food cultures. Data was collected with key informants in 47 localities covering most of the ecoregions of Madagascar and corresponding to 12 of the 19 ethnic groups. Orthoptera are consumed throughout Madagascar. We report 37 edible Orthoptera species, of which 28 are new species records of edible Orthoptera in Madagascar and 24 are new species records of edible Orthoptera in the world. Most species are endemic and occur in farming zones. Children are the primary collectors and consumers of edible Orthoptera. The insects are eaten both as snacks and main meals. Edible Orthoptera are primarily collected casually and marketing is rare, with the notable exceptions of the large cricket Brachytrupes membranaceus colosseus and during locust outbreaks (e.g., Locusta migratoria). The use of Orthoptera as feed seems rare. Further investigations of cultural and personal preferences are required to assess the future potential roles of Orthoptera in Malagasy food habits. View Full-Text
Keywords: insect; entomophagy; biodiversity; food; bioresource; culture insect; entomophagy; biodiversity; food; bioresource; culture
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MDPI and ACS Style

Van Itterbeeck, J.; Rakotomalala Andrianavalona, I.N.; Rajemison, F.I.; Rakotondrasoa, J.F.; Ralantoarinaivo, V.R.; Hugel, S.; Fisher, B.L. Diversity and Use of Edible Grasshoppers, Locusts, Crickets, and Katydids (Orthoptera) in Madagascar. Foods 2019, 8, 666.

AMA Style

Van Itterbeeck J, Rakotomalala Andrianavalona IN, Rajemison FI, Rakotondrasoa JF, Ralantoarinaivo VR, Hugel S, Fisher BL. Diversity and Use of Edible Grasshoppers, Locusts, Crickets, and Katydids (Orthoptera) in Madagascar. Foods. 2019; 8(12):666.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Van Itterbeeck, Joost, Irina N. Rakotomalala Andrianavalona, Faneva I. Rajemison, Johanna F. Rakotondrasoa, Valisoa R. Ralantoarinaivo, Sylvain Hugel, and Brian L. Fisher 2019. "Diversity and Use of Edible Grasshoppers, Locusts, Crickets, and Katydids (Orthoptera) in Madagascar" Foods 8, no. 12: 666.

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