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Foods 2019, 8(1), 37;

The Demographic Diversity of Food Intake and Prevalence of Kidney Stone Diseases in the Indian Continent

Department of Zoology, University of Calcutta, 35 Ballygunge Circular Road, Kolkata 700019, India
Department of Biomedical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, 4 Engineering Drive 3, National University of Singapore, Singapore 117583, Singapore
These authors contributed equally to this work.
Present Address: School of Biotechnology, Jawaharlal Nehru University (JNU), New Delhi 110067, India.
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 27 September 2018 / Revised: 23 December 2018 / Accepted: 24 December 2018 / Published: 21 January 2019
(This article belongs to the Section Food Nutrition)
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Food intake plays a pivotal role in human growth, constituting 45% of the global economy and wellbeing in general. The consumption of a balanced diet is essential for overall good health, and a lack of equilibrium can lead to malnutrition, prenatal death, obesity, osteoporosis and bone fractures, coronary heart diseases (CHD), idiopathic hypercalciuria, diabetes, and many other conditions. CHD, osteoporosis, malnutrition, and obesity are extensively discussed in the literature, although there are fragmented findings in the realm of kidney stone diseases (KSD) and their correlation with food intake. KSD associated with hematuria and renal failure poses an increasing threat to healthcare infrastructures and the global economy, and its emergence in the Indian population is being linked to multi-factorial urological disorder resulting from several factors. In this realm, epidemiological, biochemical, and macroeconomic situations have been the focus of research, even though food intake is also of paramount importance. Hence, in this article, we review the corollary associations with the consumption of diverse foods and the role that these play in KSD in an Indian context. View Full-Text
Keywords: food intake; food diversity; kidney stone disease; social epidemiology food intake; food diversity; kidney stone disease; social epidemiology

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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

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Guha, M.; Banerjee, H.; Mitra, P.; Das, M. The Demographic Diversity of Food Intake and Prevalence of Kidney Stone Diseases in the Indian Continent. Foods 2019, 8, 37.

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