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Street Food in Maputo, Mozambique: The Coexistence of Minimally Processed and Ultra-Processed Foods in a Country under Nutrition Transition

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EPIUnit—Instituto de Saúde Pública, Universidade do Porto, Rua das Taipas 135, 4050-600 Porto, Portugal
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Laboratório para a Investigação Integrativa e Translacional em Saúde Populacional (ITR), Rua das Taipas 135, 4050-600 Porto, Portugal
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Faculdade de Ciências da Nutrição e Alimentação, Universidade do Porto, Rua do Campo Alegre 823, 4150-180 Porto, Portugal
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Agência Italiana para a Cooperação e Desenvolvimento, Rua Damião de Góis 381, 1100 Maputo, Mozambique
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Faculdade de Medicina, Universidade Eduardo Mondlane, Avenida Salvador Allende 702, 1100 Maputo, Mozambique
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Faculdade de Medicina, Universidade do Porto, Alameda Prof. Hernâni Monteiro, 4200-319 Porto, Portugal
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Departamento de Matemática e Informática, Universidade Eduardo Mondlane, Av. Julius Nyerere 3453, 1100 Maputo, Mozambique
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Departamento de Geografia, Universidade Eduardo Mondlane, Av. Julius Nyerere 3453, 1100 Maputo, Mozambique
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Centro de Investigação em Atividade Física, Saúde e Lazer, Faculdade de Desporto, Universidade do Porto, Rua Dr. Plácido Costa 91, 4200-450 Porto, Portugal
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Foods 2021, 10(11), 2561; https://doi.org/10.3390/foods10112561
Received: 15 September 2021 / Revised: 13 October 2021 / Accepted: 21 October 2021 / Published: 23 October 2021
(This article belongs to the Section Food Nutrition)
The aim was to characterise the extent of processing and nutritional composition of the street foods offered in Maputo, Mozambique. A cross-sectional study was conducted in October–November 2014 in the urban district of KaMpfumu. Twenty public transport stops were randomly selected, around which 500 meters buffers were drawn. All streets within these buffers were canvassed to identify all street food vending sites. Street food offer was assessed through interviews. Nutritional composition was estimated using standardised recipes (for homemade foods), food labels (for industrial products) and food composition tables (for in natura foods). The processing extent was classified using the “NOVA” food classification. A total of 810 vending sites were assessed. Unprocessed/minimally processed foods were available at 70.5% of vending sites (mainly fruit, water, and tea) and ultra-processed foods at 59.0% (mostly cakes, cookies, confectionery, and soft drinks). Energy content per 100 g of unprocessed or minimally processed foods was significantly lower than in all other food groups. In all food groups, contribution to total energy value was highest for carbohydrates (range: 33.1–51.2%), followed by fats (range: 29.3–36.0%) and protein (range: 6.8–18.6%). Public health policies targeting the improvement of this urban food environment should consider not only the nutritional composition but also the processing extent of the foods and beverages available. View Full-Text
Keywords: street food; nutritional value; processing degree; nutrition transition; Africa street food; nutritional value; processing degree; nutrition transition; Africa
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MDPI and ACS Style

Sousa, S.; Gelormini, M.; Damasceno, A.; Lopes, S.A.; Maló, S.; Chongole, C.; Muholove, P.; Moreira, P.; Lunet, N.; Padrão, P. Street Food in Maputo, Mozambique: The Coexistence of Minimally Processed and Ultra-Processed Foods in a Country under Nutrition Transition. Foods 2021, 10, 2561. https://doi.org/10.3390/foods10112561

AMA Style

Sousa S, Gelormini M, Damasceno A, Lopes SA, Maló S, Chongole C, Muholove P, Moreira P, Lunet N, Padrão P. Street Food in Maputo, Mozambique: The Coexistence of Minimally Processed and Ultra-Processed Foods in a Country under Nutrition Transition. Foods. 2021; 10(11):2561. https://doi.org/10.3390/foods10112561

Chicago/Turabian Style

Sousa, Sofia, Marcello Gelormini, Albertino Damasceno, Simão A. Lopes, Sérgio Maló, Célia Chongole, Paulino Muholove, Pedro Moreira, Nuno Lunet, and Patrícia Padrão. 2021. "Street Food in Maputo, Mozambique: The Coexistence of Minimally Processed and Ultra-Processed Foods in a Country under Nutrition Transition" Foods 10, no. 11: 2561. https://doi.org/10.3390/foods10112561

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